Art and Architecture Thesaurus


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  • Art and Architecture Thesaurus

    1. 1. Art & Architecture Thesaurus Presented by Anna Huber Annica Stivers Becky Rice Megan Henning Melissa Ludeman Monique Lloyd
    2. 2. Need for an Art Thesaurus <ul><li>Common ground for documenting art: archive, library, museum, visual resource </li></ul><ul><li>Improve access to cultural heritage info </li></ul><ul><li>Use standard vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic network - link concepts </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is the AAT? <ul><li>AAT is the Art & Architecture Thesaurus </li></ul><ul><li>Structured vocabulary ≈ 131,000 terms </li></ul><ul><li>Terms describe art, architecture, decorative arts, material culture, and archival materials </li></ul><ul><li>Global and general in concept </li></ul><ul><li>Covers time of Antiquity to present </li></ul>
    4. 4. History of the AAT <ul><li>Founded by Dora Crouch, Pat Molholt, and Toni Petersen late 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Initial work: Troy, NY 1980 – 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Became project of Getty Art History Information Program (AHIP) 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Published by Oxford University Press 1990 and 1994 in print and electronic format </li></ul>
    5. 5. AAT Contributions <ul><li>AAT is a work in progress --- updated monthly </li></ul><ul><li>AAT is a compilation---not comprehensive </li></ul><ul><li>Entries dependent on contributors and projects </li></ul><ul><li>Richest in terminology used for art of Western Europe and North America </li></ul>
    6. 6. AAT Online Tool <ul><li>AAT online tool is free to all users at </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Search by keyword term </li></ul><ul><li>or browse the hierarchy </li></ul>
    7. 7. Framework of the AAT <ul><li>Discipline-specific faceted subject thesaurus </li></ul><ul><li>Framework inspired </li></ul><ul><li>by Ranganathan’s </li></ul><ul><li>classification of </li></ul><ul><li>information into </li></ul><ul><li>5 categories/facets </li></ul>Image courtesy of Mystic Seaport
    8. 8. Seven Facets of the AAT <ul><li>Associated Concepts ( beauty, freedom) </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Attributes ( round, waterlogged) </li></ul><ul><li>Styles and Periods ( French, expressionist) </li></ul><ul><li>Agents ( corporations, landscape architects) </li></ul><ul><li>Activities ( engineering, drawing) </li></ul><ul><li>Materials ( iron, clay) </li></ul><ul><li>Objects ( paintings, gardens) </li></ul><ul><li>Seven facets are further divided into 33 sub-facets or hierarchies </li></ul>
    9. 9. Semantic Network of AAT <ul><li>Hierarchical Relationships – link broader and narrower concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Equivalence Relationships – link terms that represent the same meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Associative Relationships – link terms to related concepts </li></ul>
    10. 10. Parts of an AAT Record Concept Hierarchical Relationships Scope Notes Sources Associative Relationships Equivalence Relationships
    11. 11. Sample Record/Concept <ul><li>Use the AAT to search the term, “film” </li></ul><ul><li>Art & Architecture Thesaurus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use results to identify facets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Look at a full record display and identify important information. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Uses of the AAT <ul><li>Cataloging - provides data value standard of preferred terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval – provide search assistant in databases </li></ul><ul><li>Research Tools - facilitates information-sharing between collections </li></ul>
    13. 13. Who Uses the AAT? <ul><li>The Getty Research Institute </li></ul><ul><li>uses in the library catalog </li></ul><ul><li>National Art Library (NAL) London </li></ul><ul><li>primary source of terminology in library catalog </li></ul><ul><li>National Graphic Design Image Database </li></ul><ul><li>uses AAT to describe attributes of posters, advertisements, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Research Libraries Information Network(RLIN) </li></ul><ul><li>offers AAT browser as part of database package of authority files </li></ul>
    14. 14. Evaluation of AAT Tool <ul><li>Bridge of standardization for documentation of art and architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Large, Controlled Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Application </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity - regional terms and culturally appropriate terms </li></ul>
    15. 15. Evaluation of AAT Tool <ul><li>Currently AAT is largely focused on Western Civilization terms and languages </li></ul><ul><li>Formulation and use of faceted “strings” may be overly complicated for all but highly expert AAT catalogers </li></ul>
    16. 16. AAT Activity Claude Monet Haystacks at Chailly at Sunrise 1865 Oil on Canvas 30 X 60 cm San Diego Museum of Art Art & Architecture Thesaurus
    17. 17. AAT Activity landscapes (environments) agricultural landscape landscapists impressionist oil painting (visual work) oil-painting (technique) nature? French?
    18. 18. Not Found in the AAT <ul><li>Personal Names (Georgia O’Keefe) </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Place Names (Iran/Persia) </li></ul><ul><li>Building Names (Eiffel Tower) </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Events and Dates (French revolution) </li></ul><ul><li>Iconographic Themes (Cupid) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Future of the AAT <ul><li>Broadening the scope of the AAT </li></ul><ul><li>Continued development of multilingual equivalents of AAT terms </li></ul><ul><li>National Museum of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Complete translations of AAT into other languages </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish AAT http:// / </li></ul>