Native american music hossam & dana

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  • Native american music hossam & dana

    1. 1. Native American Music
    2. 2. Native American Music
    3. 3. Intro - Native Americans?
    4. 4. Intro - Native Americans?The Native Americans are a people, namely thoseindigenous to North America in the period before itsdiscovery by the EuropeansThese indigenous people have a very diverse (anddifferent) culture to that of the “white” AmericansThey have a very strong bond with their culture, andtheir religions, and a strong feeling of protection overtheir landsThey are found less and less in today’s America, becauseof constant conflict over their land
    5. 5. Hossam
    6. 6. The Instruments - Drums Hossam
    7. 7. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Hossam
    8. 8. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Hossam
    9. 9. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Hossam
    10. 10. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Hossam
    11. 11. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Frame Drum Consists of cow, eld or deer hide stretched over a wooden frame Hossam
    12. 12. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Frame Drum Consists of cow, eld or deer hide stretched over a wooden frame Hossam
    13. 13. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Frame Drum Consists of cow, eld or deer hide stretched over a wooden frame Water Drum A skin (usually animal hide) stretched over a water-filled drum chamber Hossam
    14. 14. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Frame Drum Consists of cow, eld or deer hide stretched over a wooden frame Water Drum A skin (usually animal hide) stretched over a water-filled drum chamber Hossam
    15. 15. The Instruments - Drums Simple Skin DrumConsist of only a single piece of animal hide Frame Drum Consists of cow, eld or deer hide stretched over a wooden frame Water Drum A skin (usually animal hide) stretched over a water-filled drum chamber Hossam
    16. 16. Hossam
    17. 17. The Instruments - Rattles and Flutes Hossam
    18. 18. The Instruments - Rattles and Flutes Hossam
    19. 19. The Instruments - Rattles and Flutes RattlesMade from many different materials,including:- Turtle Shells- Rawhide- Horn- GourdAnd filled with seeds, pebbles or rice. Hossam
    20. 20. The Instruments - Rattles and Flutes RattlesMade from many different materials,including:- Turtle Shells- Rawhide- Horn- GourdAnd filled with seeds, pebbles or rice. Hossam
    21. 21. The Instruments - Rattles and Flutes RattlesMade from many different materials,including:- Turtle Shells- Rawhide- Horn- GourdAnd filled with seeds, pebbles or rice. Hossam
    22. 22. The Instruments - Rattles and Flutes Flutes One of the most popular, well known, and best sounding native american instruments. Variations include different numbers of holes, different woods or different lengths. RattlesMade from many different materials,including:- Turtle Shells- Rawhide- Horn- GourdAnd filled with seeds, pebbles or rice. Hossam
    23. 23. The Instruments - Rattles and Flutes Flutes One of the most popular, well known, and best sounding native american instruments. Variations include different numbers of holes, different woods or different lengths. RattlesMade from many different materials,including:- Turtle Shells- Rawhide- Horn- GourdAnd filled with seeds, pebbles or rice. Hossam
    24. 24. Hossam
    25. 25. The Instruments - Everything Else... Hossam
    26. 26. The Instruments - Everything Else... Hossam
    27. 27. The Instruments - Everything Else... Rasp Sound is made by running stick along zig-zag part Hossam
    28. 28. The Instruments - Everything Else... Rasp Sound is made by running stick along zig-zag part Hossam
    29. 29. The Instruments - Everything Else... Rasp Sound is made by running stick along zig-zag part Fiddle Used very often in traditional Native American music Hossam
    30. 30. The Instruments - Everything Else... Rasp Sound is made by running stick along zig-zag part Fiddle Used very often in traditional Native American music Hossam
    31. 31. The Instruments - Everything Else... Rasp Whistle Sound is made by Used to create nature- running stick along identical sounds in traditional zig-zag part songs and ceremonies Fiddle Used very often in traditional Native American music Hossam
    32. 32. Unique Rhythms and ScalesFound In the Traditional Native American Music: Dana
    33. 33. Rhythms Found In Native American MusicThere are many different Native American tribes.Although each Native American tribe has a differentmusical style, there are still a few similarities betweenthem. Dana
    34. 34. What Are The Similaritiesbetween all the music types?Vocal styleMelodyRhythmPhrase structureUse of textTypical instrumentsOccasions for music Dana
    35. 35. Rhythms and ScalesThe Native American vocal style is very unique from others, as some songs need a greatermuscular effort in your voice, and in others, your voice is very relaxed to varying degreesdepending on the use of the throat, tongue, mouth, and breath. Higher notes for a certain voice type usually sounds more tense than notes in the middle ofa singer’s vocal range. Native American men are known for their use of their falsetto voice.When Native Americans sing together, they perform the same melodies, almost the sameway and time, or they just try to sing the same bits a few seconds after the first personmaking a cool effect.While singing in ceremonies they might also entail the simultaneous performance ofseparate musical lines (polyphony). The scales are recognized as the number of discretepitches used and the intervals between the pitches. The melodies create contours as theyincrease and move higher or lower in the pitch, followed by a large or small interval.Melodic and rhythmic units organize into larger phrases and then into phrase patterns thatinvolve repetition, variation, and contrast. Dana
    36. 36. Rhythms and InstrumentsThere are numerous rhythm types in traditional Native American music,based on the area of where the Native American is. Even in powwows ( whichis a native american ceremony involving feasting, singing, and dancing),there are also many different styles, rhythms and songs for the music. Themost common instruments used to create great rhythms are percussioninstruments such as rattles, rawhide rattles, hoof rattles, wooden rattles,tooth rattles and many more. Sometimes blankets usually made out ofbuckskin were used like drums. In celebrations, the blanket was usuallystretched by many people giving the person hitting it with a wooden stick, afirm surface. Wood was one of the most important things used as they reliedon it for creating a loud and beautiful rhythm throughout the song. Dana
    37. 37. Hossam
    38. 38. Passage of Music Hossam
    39. 39. Passage of Music Hossam
    40. 40. Passage of MusicMusic was never written downIt was passed throughgenerations & played atceremoniesElders would pass on thetraditional songs to their childrenSongs for special, even sacredevents were taught to childrenMusic was almost never recorded Hossam
    41. 41. Hossam
    42. 42. Contrast in Music Hossam
    43. 43. Contrast in MusicFaster and More Cheery Hossam
    44. 44. Contrast in MusicFaster and More Cheery• Faster music has a fasterbeat• Usually includesmultiple instruments• May have singing. Ifthere is singing it isusually faster• Played in happier, morelight-mood events (i.e.weddings, happyceremonies, etc.) Hossam
    45. 45. Contrast in MusicFaster and More Cheery Slower and More Relaxed• Faster music has a fasterbeat• Usually includesmultiple instruments• May have singing. Ifthere is singing it isusually faster• Played in happier, morelight-mood events (i.e.weddings, happyceremonies, etc.) Hossam
    46. 46. Contrast in MusicFaster and More Cheery Slower and More Relaxed• Faster music has a faster • Usually features lessbeat instruments• Usually includes • Rarely includes drumsmultiple instruments beats• May have singing. If • When drum beats arethere is singing it is included, they are muchusually faster slower • Characterized by the• Played in happier, more recurring use of the Nativelight-mood events (i.e. American fluteweddings, happy •Played at sadder, or moreceremonies, etc.) solemn events such as funerals Hossam
    47. 47. Hossam
    48. 48. Messages Present in the Music Hossam
    49. 49. Messages Present in the MusicNative American music has very deepand important messages in itSome songs were considered to holdsacred messages, as well as “magic”words which healed and replenishedMessages passed through music include: Stories of legendary warriors Stories of gods Stories of the creation of earth from the perspective of Native Americans Hossam
    50. 50. Hossam
    51. 51. Messages Present in the Music - Contd. Hossam
    52. 52. Messages Present in the Music - Contd. Native Americans have a strong bond with their culture and religion and this is often expressed through music Many songs have been passed along for many years, and therefore include some moral, tradition or religious/spiritual meaning Some songs were taught to children to teach them certain lessons, to tell legends, or simply for recreational purposes and enjoyment Hossam
    53. 53. Music for Music forcelebrations celebrations sample sample Dana
    54. 54. Does the native american culturehave different types of music for different situations or celebrations? Dana
    55. 55. Different Types of MusicNative Americans have different types of music for different occasions. For instance, they have a certain type of music for social events where people sing and dance, hand game songs for gambling, songs to listen to while doing boringwork, songs for funerals when relatives pass away, and even songs for war. Dana
    56. 56. Music Played For Wars The songs played and sung on remembrance day are usually slow and have a repetitive drum beat. Bells are also used, but the music is usually very depressing. Even the singing voice is a bit monotone as in other celebrations, the music is very cheery and makes you feel optimistic. Dana
    57. 57. Rain Dance Songs There are many musical instruments used to create rain dance songs, such asthe flute (which is the traditional Yuchi flute), the water drums, the rattles and many more. The difference between the rain dance songs and the other songs used for other celebrations is that nobody sings during rain dance songs. The Native Americans just rely on their instruments to make the beautiful sound. Dana
    58. 58. Rain Dance Songs There are many musical instruments used to create rain dance songs, such asthe flute (which is the traditional Yuchi flute), the water drums, the rattles and many more. The difference between the rain dance songs and the other songs used for other celebrations is that nobody sings during rain dance songs. The Native Americans just rely on their instruments to make the beautiful sound. Dana
    59. 59. Songs for CelebrationsThe music made for celebrations are very similar to the rain dance music type as they use similar instruments and the music almostsounds the same. The only difference is that songs for celebrations have a faster beat so they can dance, and people actually sing.Dana
    60. 60. Top 5 Things I love aboutNative American Music 1) Native American Music is very relaxing 2) They use various unique instruments which are not used commonly nowadays. 3) Their voices blends in nicely with the music. 4) They have different music for different events which makes it veryinteresting because they use different instruments for specific events. So ifthey were going to play a song for the warriors lost in war, they wouldn’t use as many instruments as they would with the songs played in celebrations. 5) They sing as a group and dance along with the music giving it more meaning and concept. They also really show their love for their music by making it a cultural tradition. Dana
    61. 61. Google Images. Web. 01 June 2011. <http://images.google.com>. Hossam’s Bibliography"Index of Native American Music Resources on the Internet." Welcome to Hanksville. Web. 23 May 2011. <http://www.hanksville.org/NAresources/ indices/NAmusic.html>."Instruments of the Indigenous Peoples of North America at the National Music Museum." Student Organizations - USD. Web. 23 May 2011. <http:// orgs.usd.edu/nmm/AmericanIndigenous/Checklist.html>."Native American Drums, Frame Drums, Shamanic Drums, Powwow Drums; Sunreed Instruments." Sunreed Instruments Bamboo Flutes, Bamboo Saxophones, Didgeridoos, Drums, Musical Instruments Home Page. Web. 23 May 2011. <http://www.sunreed.com/NativeAmericanDrums.htm>."Native American Instruments (Reference) - TeacherVision.com." Teacher Lesson Plans, Printables & Worksheets by Grade or Subject - TeacherVision.com. Web. 23 May 2011. <http://www.teachervision.fen.com/native-americans/resource/7427.html>."Native American Music." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 23 May 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_music>."Native American Musical Instruments." Web. 23 May 2011. <http://www.sbgmusic.com/html/teacher/reference/cultures/nativeinstr.html>.Views, Thoma...by NativeAmerican4Life44,353. "YouTube - Native American Music (Rain Dance)‫ ".‏‬YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0WNLLNxURt4>."YouTube - Indian Vision - Chirapaq - Native Ameri c an - Powerful Pride - Sacred Medicine‫ ".‏‬YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 29 May 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6Y4kpZ7xQk>."YouTube - Native American Music Video‫ ".‏‬YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 23 May 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ug2TrGD7INY>."YouTub e-
    62. 62. Dana’s Bibliography 1) "Native American Music :: Native American Musical Styles and Genres -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia."Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Web. 01 June 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1350772/ Native-American-music/272220/Native-American-musical-styles-and-genres>. 2) "Native American Music." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 01 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Native_American_music>. 3) "Native American Musical Instruments." Web. 01 June 2011. <http://www.sbgmusic.com/html/teacher/reference/ cultures/nativeinstr.html>. 4) "Does the Native American Culture Have Different Types of Music for Different Situations or Celebrations? - Yahoo! Answers." Yahoo! Answers - Home. Web. 01 June 2011. <http://answers.yahoo.com/question/ index;_ylt=AsxTgYiztv2y9tX4_CMZ6CIazKIX;_ylv=3?qid=20110530065320AAMV3lF>. 5) Festival of Native American Culture. Web. 01 June 2011. <http://www.festivalofnativeamericanculture.org/>. 6) "YouTube - ‪‫‏‬Native American Indian Remembrance (War Song)‬." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 01 June 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ByL0AMdkRqs>. 7) "YouTube - ‪‫‏‬Native American Music/ Ly-o-lay-ale-loya‬." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 01 June 2011. <http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=fMNMWZM1Jp8>.

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