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ICT2020 Broadband Challenges


  Bringing about a
 Broadband Future
    for Thailand


                           Thaweesa...
Agenda
• What can you do with broadband?
• Global broadband situation -
  Who has the fastest broadband?
• Does broadband ...
What can you do with broadband?




        Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand
            Thaweesak Koanantak...
Applications, Bandwidth and Technology
                                             Source: Verizon




Source: http://www...
Which screen will you
                        be using?




Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand
    Thaweesak K...
Who has the fastest broadband service?

               Best Broadband Speeds of Selected Countries
                       ...
Broadband status: World




    Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand
        Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January ...
Broadband status: World




    Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand
        Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January ...
Who has the fastest broadband service?

100 000


 90 000
                                                                ...
ICT Status: Fixed, Mobile and Internet Usage
                        in Thailand
                    Fixed Lines          ...
Broadband Status: Broadband Subscribers




* The NTC reports the number of broadband subscribers in Q2/2552 at 1.8 millio...
Does broadband availability contributes
           to economy?




        Economy                  Broadband




        ...
Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand
    Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010      13
ICT Policy - IT2000
• Thailand to become a Sustainable Economy
• Three main development “pillars”
  – National Information...
ICT Policy - IT2010
• Drive Thailand towards a Knowledge-based
  Economy
• Three Policy Issues:
  – Strengthen information...
ICT Policy - IT2010
  Five main focuses:
  –   eSociety
  –   eEducation
  –   eGovernment
  –   eIndustry
  –   eCommerce...
In progress – ICT2020

• NECTEC and MICT jointly formulating a
  comprehensive ICT policy framework for the
  next 10 year...
Does broadband contributes to our
               economy?

• Broadband development is not “for the sake of
  having broadb...
Who will you be talking to?




Social media needs “always-on” narrowband services.

Picture source: slideshare.net
      ...
Crowd-sourcing of contents - Power!!




•   Swine-flu exploration
•   Disaster in China, Haiti
•   Amazing collaboration ...
Health Application- Nurse Gudrun, Sweden
•   Senior citizen in Karlskrona can get remote medical advice
•   IPTV linked to...
Education Application – Singapore iN2015
    Students
        • Connecting with teachers via e-books, games, videos, intel...
Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand
                                          Source: Singapore’s iN2015
    Th...
Ultimate Broadband Goals for Thailand in 2020



• Everyone in Thailand will
  – have access to a “sustainable” national b...
Broadband Challenge 1:

• Concession trap
   – Delay in 3G licensing & deployment
   – Problems with existing concessions ...
Existing Mobile Concessions
         Operator          Network          Concession           Period          Revenue
     ...
Challenge 2:

 • FTTx/ FTTP for Thailand
   – Upgrading from copper to optical fiber
   – Migrating to IP-based/ packet-sw...
Challenge 3:

• Some pressing regulatory issues
  – Strong competition policy to discourage abuse of
    power by incumben...
Infrastructure Sweet Spots lead to
         Happy Operators




         Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand
  ...
Challenge 4:

• Bridging the digital divide
  – Moving forwards technologically while ensuring
    nobody is left behind
 ...
Further Steps for the next 10 years?

• Addressing management and regulatory issues
   – End of concession era
   – ICT202...
The Way Forward
• Clean up the Concession Contracts
• Redefine TOT/CAT Infrastructure Sweet Spots
• Create happy operator ...
Thank you for your attention
         htk@nectec.or.th
Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand
    Thaweesak Koanan...
Image credits:

Slide 1: http://www.flickr.com/photos/darthmaus/386383244/
Slide 4: http://www.youtube.com
Slide 5: http:/...
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Bringing About A Broadband Future For Thailand2

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Transcript of "Bringing About A Broadband Future For Thailand2"

  1. 1. ICT2020 Broadband Challenges Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool Vice President, National Science and Technology Development Agency 28 January 2010 Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010
  2. 2. Agenda • What can you do with broadband? • Global broadband situation - Who has the fastest broadband? • Does broadband contribute to our economy? • ICT Policies: IT2010-IT2020 • Our Entangled Regulatory Environment • National Broadband Goals for Thailand 2020 • Challenges and The Way Forward Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 2
  3. 3. What can you do with broadband? Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 3
  4. 4. Applications, Bandwidth and Technology Source: Verizon Source: http://www.engineersireland.ie/sector_papers/Next_Generation_Broadband.pdf for Thailand Bringing about a Broadband Future Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 4
  5. 5. Which screen will you be using? Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 5
  6. 6. Who has the fastest broadband service? Best Broadband Speeds of Selected Countries - 2000 2009 200 150 Mbps 100 50 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 USA UK Sweden Korea Japan * In case of missing data, the previous year’s speed is used. Source: OECD 2005-2008 and countries’ broadband data Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 6
  7. 7. Broadband status: World Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 7
  8. 8. Broadband status: World Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 8
  9. 9. Who has the fastest broadband service? 100 000 90 000 OECD Broadband statistics [oecd.org/sti/ict/broadband] 80 000 70 000 5a. Average advertised broadband download speed, by country, kbit/s, 60 000 Sept 2008 50 000 40 000 30 000 20 000 10 000 m dom k l ** n tr alia nd den rg ada a e nd tr ia in nd nd d ic o ec e ny ds Italy lic s blic gar y ey ay uga mar Japa Kor e e n c land iu Spa pub u Tur k Fr an Finla r lan ma Ic ela er la Stat Ir ela Pola Nor w Mex A us mbo Belg epu Can Sw e Gr e King Por t Hun Den A us Ger Z ea h Re e z ak R ed Sw it Neth e Lux ed Unit c New Slov Unit Cz e Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 9
  10. 10. ICT Status: Fixed, Mobile and Internet Usage in Thailand Fixed Lines Mobile Internet Subscribers Penetration Subscribers Penetration Number of Penetration (in 000s) Rate (in 000s) Rate Users Rate (in 000s) 2003 6,320 9.9 21,828 34.1 6,000 9.4 2004 6,481 10.0 27,379 42.5 6,970 10.8 2005 6,671 10.3 31,137 47.9 9,909 15.2 2006 6,708 10.2 40,723 62.2 11,413 17.4 2007 6,709 10.2 53,000 80.4 13,416 20.3 2008 N/A N/A 62,000 93.7 16,100 24.3 Source: TOT; ITU; and NECTEC Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 10
  11. 11. Broadband Status: Broadband Subscribers * The NTC reports the number of broadband subscribers in Q2/2552 at 1.8 millions Source: IDC Thailand; the NTC Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 11
  12. 12. Does broadband availability contributes to economy? Economy Broadband Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 12
  13. 13. Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 13
  14. 14. ICT Policy - IT2000 • Thailand to become a Sustainable Economy • Three main development “pillars” – National Information Infrastructure – Human Development – Good Governance • Key driver: The National IT Committee – NII: Privatization of CAT, TOT; Establishment of NTC/NBC; Providing a universal access law – HD: IT in schools, SchoolNet Thailand – Good Governance;:Government CIO program, Y2K handling, Government IT Service Organization (GITS), minimum IT equipment in government agencies Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 14
  15. 15. ICT Policy - IT2010 • Drive Thailand towards a Knowledge-based Economy • Three Policy Issues: – Strengthen information infrastructure and industry – Build human capital – Promote innovation Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 15
  16. 16. ICT Policy - IT2010 Five main focuses: – eSociety – eEducation – eGovernment – eIndustry – eCommerce • Implemented by two ICT Master Plans – ICT Master Plan 1 (2003-2008) – ICT Master Plan 2 (2009-2012) • Create a Ministry to execute the work – NECTEC → Ministry of Information and Communications Technology Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 16
  17. 17. In progress – ICT2020 • NECTEC and MICT jointly formulating a comprehensive ICT policy framework for the next 10 years with all stakeholders • To take into consideration: – Lessons learned: ICT2010 and past ICT Masterplans – World’s economic, social and environmental trends – Thailand’s development plan set forth by the NESDB • To set an ambitious yet realistic goal to drive Thailand’s ICT development Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 17
  18. 18. Does broadband contributes to our economy? • Broadband development is not “for the sake of having broadband” • but to ensure that Thailand will have the best infrastructure to accommodate – Vibrant ICT industry: Hardware, software, and digital content sectors – Strong participatory and transparent governments at both national and local levels – Sound economic development, especially in the agricultural sector – Solid social development and social inclusion, especially in health and education – Proactive environmental protection and disaster management Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 18
  19. 19. Who will you be talking to? Social media needs “always-on” narrowband services. Picture source: slideshare.net Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 19
  20. 20. Crowd-sourcing of contents - Power!! • Swine-flu exploration • Disaster in China, Haiti • Amazing collaboration at the global scale • YouTube Orchestra • etc. Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 20
  21. 21. Health Application- Nurse Gudrun, Sweden • Senior citizen in Karlskrona can get remote medical advice • IPTV linked to the local healthcare clinic through broadband. • Healthcare channel - Nurse Gudrun to appear on the screen, saving time, effort, and money. • Typical visit to the clinic costs patient around €150; the cost for video call counseling is €10 Source: http://www.engineersireland.ie/sector_papers/Next_Generation_Broadband.pdf Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 21
  22. 22. Education Application – Singapore iN2015 Students • Connecting with teachers via e-books, games, videos, intelligent assessment, virtual experiment, etc. • Being active in online communities and learning through games • Learning via virtual tutors and mentors • Communicating real-time with peers in other countries • Teachers • Giving lessons to students overseas • Participating in think-tank and research groups • Sharing ideas and experience in community of practice • Upgrading themselves professionally • Parents • Connecting to teachers and children to monitor their progress in school Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 22
  23. 23. Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Source: Singapore’s iN2015 Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 23
  24. 24. Ultimate Broadband Goals for Thailand in 2020 • Everyone in Thailand will – have access to a “sustainable” national broadband network and – Be guaranteed broadband services that are affordable and of high-quality • How? Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 24
  25. 25. Broadband Challenge 1: • Concession trap – Delay in 3G licensing & deployment – Problems with existing concessions and loss of revenues to state-owned telcos once 2G providers moving their customers over to their new 3G network – State-owned telcos: rolling back of privatization and lack of incentives to compete Our Entangled Regulatory Environment needs a big clean up Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 25
  26. 26. Existing Mobile Concessions Operator Network Concession Period Revenue Granted by (Year expired) Sharing AIS 900 GSM TOT 25 years 15-30% (2015) DTAC 1800 GSM CAT 27 years 12-30% (2017) Orange 1800 GSM CAT 16 years 25-30% (True move) (2013) DPC 1800 GSM CAT 16 years 25-30% (2015) End the concessions sooner... Source: Adapted from http://www.ndaventures.com/Thailand_Telecom_Brief.pdf p.6 Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 26
  27. 27. Challenge 2: • FTTx/ FTTP for Thailand – Upgrading from copper to optical fiber – Migrating to IP-based/ packet-switched networks – Appropriate investment models – Government funding? Public-private partnership? Private investment? Combination of methods? New technologies needs solid national open access network backbone Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 27
  28. 28. Challenge 3: • Some pressing regulatory issues – Strong competition policy to discourage abuse of power by incumbents • Account separation/ structural separation – Open access backbone network • Reducing redundancy – Unbundling policy for last miles – Hand-off policy for value-added services – Consumer protection: Price, speed & quality of service Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 28
  29. 29. Infrastructure Sweet Spots lead to Happy Operators Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 29
  30. 30. Challenge 4: • Bridging the digital divide – Moving forwards technologically while ensuring nobody is left behind – Appropriate investment models to encourage broadband deployment in rural and other cost- prohibitive areas • Deployment of wired + wireless networks • Appropriate USO/ funding mechanisms Watch for LTE and Femtocells, and be watchful for 3G and WiMAX. Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 30
  31. 31. Further Steps for the next 10 years? • Addressing management and regulatory issues – End of concession era – ICT2020 and the national broadband plan? • Upgrading the networks – Backbone: Complete migration from copper to fiber – Last miles: 100% coverage using a combination of wired and wireless technologies • Investing in infrastructure with “sustainability” in mind – Gradual upgrades – Shared resources with little redundancy/ Open access networks – Reuse of equipment where possible Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 31
  32. 32. The Way Forward • Clean up the Concession Contracts • Redefine TOT/CAT Infrastructure Sweet Spots • Create happy operator environment – level-playing field • Creating local industry on broadband infrastructure – Service Innovations by Thai Companies – Export potential • Protecting & educating consumers – Focus on price, speed, and quality of broadband services – Channels to address grievance Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 32
  33. 33. Thank you for your attention htk@nectec.or.th Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 33
  34. 34. Image credits: Slide 1: http://www.flickr.com/photos/darthmaus/386383244/ Slide 4: http://www.youtube.com Slide 5: http://www.engineersireland.ie/sector_papers/Next_Generation_Broadband.pdf Slide 6: http://www.engineersireland.ie/sector_papers/Next_Generation_Broadband.pdf Slide 7: Singapore’s iN2015 Slide 9: OECD and ITIF Broadband Rankings [Information Technology and Innovation Foundation] Slide 10: Internet World Stats Broadband Penetration [Information Technology and Innovation Foundation] Slide 12: IDC Thailand Bringing about a Broadband Future for Thailand Thaweesak Koanantakool, 28 January 2010 34
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