Brief introduction on chinese history & culture


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In this presentation, we briefly introduced Chinese history and culture, including the facts and figures of China, and some recent changes and trends. It could be quite helpful especially for the non-Chinese who would like to understand China more and/or foreigners who would come to live and work in China.

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Brief introduction on chinese history & culture

  1. 1. on ct ion ure tro du ult f In ry &C B rie isto eH C hi nes by Daisy Zheng  & Prof. Dr. Hora Tjitra Contact us at
  2. 2. Agenda 1 Snapshots of China 3 2 A Glance at Chinese History 9 3 “Travel” around China 12 4 Chinese Culture: Impact from History 18 5 Nowadays China: Facts & Hot Topics 29 Introduction of China/2010-09 2
  3. 3. Quick Snapshots of China Introduction of China/2010-09 3
  4. 4. The People of Republic China - Introduction of China/2010-09 4
  5. 5. People’s Republic of China: Facts & Figures • Area: 9.6 million square kilometers. • Population: exceeding 1.3 billion: family planning policy since the 1970s. • A united nation with 56 ethnic groups, among which Han-Chinese take up around 92%. • Mandarin Chinese is one of the five working languages designated by the United Nations. • Continental climate: The greater part of the Chinese territory is situated in the Temperate Zone, its southern part in the tropical and subtropical zones, and its northern part near the Frigid Zone. • Abounds in natural resources. It leads the world in many proven mineral deposits; No country in the world boasts more wildlife than China. Introduction of China/2010-09 5
  6. 6. Some Statistic on China before the 2009 Crisis - Dec 2008 Introduction of China/2010-09 6
  7. 7. The 2009 Crisis, Better than expected - healthy growth ?? Introduction of China/2010-09 7
  8. 8. The new (bubble) world’s superpower ? The world largest car’s market The world largest export country The world largest Forex reserve (2.4 Trillion USD, 30% of the world) The fastest growing country in the world The new Japan The third largest economist in the world Social Gap Four of the top 10 Global Bank (the first top 3, market value, FAZ 2010) Demographic Rank first in Engineering Citation Index, and rank three in Science Citation Index Internationalization Introduction of China/2010-09 8
  9. 9. A Glance at Chinese History Introduction of China/2010-09 9
  10. 10. China: 2070 BC - 1911 AD Huangdi & Yandi • Offspring of Huangdi and Yandi Warring States period • The feudal warlords scramble for Qin Dynasty: Qin Shihuang the throne • First united nation • First Kaiser of China • Great Wall & Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses ( ) Introduction of China/2010-09 10
  11. 11. New China Establishment & Development 1978 Deng Xiaoping Jan. 1912 Sun Yat-Sen • Order out of chaos • The Republic of China was set up. • Reform & Opening-Up Jul. 1921 CCP Establishment 1998 Jiang Zemin • The Chinese Communist Party 2003 Hu Jintao came into existence. • Three Represents. • Eight Dos and Don’ts • Hongkang and Macao returned to China. The colonial govern by British and Portuguese came to end. Oct. 1949 Mao Zedong • The People’s Republic of China was established. Introduction of China/2010-09 11
  12. 12. “Travel” around China Introduction of China/2010-09 12
  13. 13. Rare Species in Different Areas Marco Polo argali Red-crowned crane Chinese sturgeon Siberian tiger Chinese alligator Snow leopard Baiji Panda Soft-shelled turtle Golden monkey Introduction of China/2010-09 13
  14. 14. Huge Differences between Different Areas Changbai Mountains Inner Mongolia Grassland Himalaya Mountains The Yellow River The Yangtze River Tibetan Plateau Shangri-la Sun Moon Lake Introduction of China/2010-09 14
  15. 15. Various Architecture Styles and Folk Houses Shandong • The Tai-Mountain • Seagrass Room Beijing • The Forbidden City • Siheyuan Suzhou & Hangzhou • The West Lake • Suzhou Garden • Jiangnan waterside Xi’an • The Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses • Cave Introduction of China/2010-09 15
  16. 16. Four Famous Chinese Cuisines • The Chinese Cuisines are characteristic for its broad varieties and deep fine. People pay attention to the color, fragrantness and taste ( ). • The four most famous Chinese cuisines: Lu-, Chuan-, Huaiyang- and Yue-Cuisine. Lu-Cuisine is dainty about confecting dish soup and milk soup Chuan-Cuisine have the characteristic of tingle, pepperiness, excessive oil and strong taste Huaiyang-Cuisine to select good materials and to make suitable fire play important roles. Yue-Cuisine pays attention to fresh and tender taste. Introduction of China/2010-09 16
  17. 17. Costumes & Activities of Different Ethnic Groups (Chaoxian) (Mongolia) (Man) (Wei) (Hui) (Yi) (Zang) (Mountain) (Miao) (Zhuang) (Dai) Introduction of China/2010-09
  18. 18. Chinese Culture: Impact from History Introduction of China/2010-09 18
  19. 19. Hundred Schools of Thoughts • Laotzu is the founder of Taoism, • Mencius inherit and carry forward the which emphasizes following the Confucian ideology. rules of nature. • Eg. “Justice” (“ ”) People’s • Eg. “Zhongyong” ( ) characteristics and development are influenced by environment ( ) • Sunzi is the author of The Art of War. His idea is the foundation of Chinese strategy. • Eg. “Know yourself as well as the enemy, ever-victorious.” ( ) • Confucianism is the most important part of the traditional thinking in China, also spread to other neighbor countries. • Eg. “Benevolence” (“ ”) Introduction of China/2010-09 19
  20. 20. Qin Shi Huang Unified China Money Characteristics Qin Shi Huang Vehicle & Track Social Norm Introduction of China/2010-09 20
  21. 21. Tang Dynasty: Start to Select Governors by Examination National-wide Examination First place winner: Zhuangyuan Nowadays National Examination Introduction of China/2010-09 21
  22. 22. Tang & Song Dynasty: Poetry Booming I raised my head and looked While the rich wine and dine, out on the mountain moon, I the poor die of cold by the bowed my head and thought roadside. of my far-off home. Li Bai Du Fu May we all be blessed with longevity, though far apart, we are still able to share the Recalling those years, a golden beauty of the moon together. lance, horse of iron, tiger’s energy swallowing a myraid miles. Su Dongpo Xin qiji Introduction of China/2010-09 22
  23. 23. Song Dynasty: Great Development in Science & Research • The earliest version of the compass was • The discovery of gunpowder has been invented in China in the year 1044. credited to certain Chinese alchemists around 9th century. Compass Gunpowder Printing Paper-making • The method of Woodblock printing was first • Cai Lun is regarded to have invented the seen in China in 220 and the invention of paper and also the entire process of paper- movable type method was around 1040 AD. making, about 105 AD. Compendium of Material Medical: Seismograph A book on Chinese herbal medicine Introduction of China/2010-09 23
  24. 24. Chinese Innovation Policy • At the Danfos 2009 summit' s opening ceremony, China' s Premier Wen Jiabao hailed the scientific and technological innovation, calling it "an improvement pillar." "We will make China a country of innovation. We will seek breakthroughs in key technologies that are vital to industrial transformation and upgrading, ..." • For government officials like Wan Gang, China' s Minister of Science and Technology, how to turn the technological innovation into real economic growth is their concerns. "Government should be a driving force in the process, especially when the new technology first appears in the market,... " • One of the targets set in the National Guidelines for the Medium- and Long- term Plan for Science and Technology Development (2006-20) is to raise the ratio of R&D to GDP to 2% by 2010 and to 2.5% or more by 2020. This is an extremely ambitious target, as it implies the need for R&D expenditure to increase by at least 10-15% annually. Introduction of China/2010-09 24
  25. 25. Ming & Qing Dynasty: “Go Out” & “Be Invaded in” • A Treasure Ship Captain ( ) • Emperor of Qing dynasty: minority of “Man” ( ) Introduction of China/2010-09 25
  26. 26. New China Establishment: Impact on Generation X • Self-reliance, hard work ( ) • Self-reliance, to live with ample food and clothing ( ) • Culture Revolution ( ) Introduction of China/2010-09 26
  27. 27. Opening-Up Reform: Impact on Generation Y • More and more modern and big cities on the coast of China Xiamen Shenzhen Qingdao Nantong Zhuhai Fuzhou Shanghai Guangzhou Dalian Ningbo Introduction of China/2010-09 27
  28. 28. Opening-Up Reform: Impact on Generation Y * • What do we still keep? • What are we more extreme? !"#$%&'()*+&',--./).0)/..1--/2345-6(+--789:-/; Life style Relationship between people !"#$%&'()*+&',--./).0)/..1--23456-7(+--89:;-/. The importance of children !"#$%&'()*+&',--./).0)/..1--23456-7(+--89:;-</ Lebensstil Kontakte Das Kind • What the Generation Y are different from Generation X? Express themselves !"#$%&'()*+&',--./).0)/..1--23456-7(+--89:;-2/ !"#$%&'()*+&',--./).0)/..1--23456-7(+--89:;-2< How is myself Meinung Ich * Picture from Introduction of China/2010-09 28
  29. 29. Nowadays China: Facts & Hot Topics Introduction of China/2010-09 29
  30. 30. National Holidays New Year’s Day Chinese New Year / Spring Festival The Qingming Festival Labor Day / May Day The Dragon Boat Festival Mid-Autumn Day National Day Introduction of China/2010-09 30
  31. 31. Recent Hot Topic - EXPO 2010 Introduction of China/2010-09 31
  32. 32. Understanding “the Chinese” What happened to the Train Station Director after this picture has been published on the net? (Published on the net on Feb 2010) Introduction of China/2010-09 32
  33. 33. Recent progress and update on Economic, Business and Management in China (The Economist, Feb 2010) Introduction of China/2010-09 33
  34. 34. Thank You! Introduction of China/2010-09 34