Transcript of "Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development"
By: Heidi Tenney
Explains eight stages that a healthy human should pass through during childhood all the way through adulthood. In each stage a person should find new challenges & hopefully succeed through them.
Trust vs. Mistrust Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt Initiative vs. Guilt Industry vs. inferiority Identity vs. Identity Confusion Intimacy vs. Isolation Generativity vs. Stagnation Integrity vs. Despair
Approximate Age: o Birth-1 ½ years Positive Outcomes: o Feelings of trust from environmental support Negative Outcomes: o Fear & concern regarding others
Approximate Age: o 1 ½ -3 years Positive Outcomes: o Self-sufficiency if exploration is encouraged Negative Outcomes: o Doubts about self, lack of independence
Approximate Age: o 3-6 years Positive Outcomes: o Discovery of ways to initiate actions Negative Outcomes: o Guilt from actions and thoughts
Approximate Age: o 6-12 years Positive Outcomes: o Development of sense of competence Negative Outcomes: o Feelings of inferiority, no sense of mastery
Approximate Age: o Adolescence Positive Outcomes: o Awareness of uniqueness of self, knowledge of role to be followed Negative Outcomes: o Inability to identify appropriate roles in life
Approximate Age: o Early adulthood Positive Outcomes: o Development of loving, sexual relationships, and close friendships Negative Outcomes: o Fear of relationships with others
Approximate Age: o Middle Adulthood Positive Outcomes: o Sense of contribution to continuity of life Negative Outcomes: o Trivialization of one’s activities
Approximate Age: o Late adulthood Positive Outcomes: o Sense of unity in life’s accomplishments Negative Outcomes: o Regret over lost opportunities of life