The Articles Of Confederation

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8th grade lesson on the Articles od Confederation

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  • The Articles Of Confederation

    1. 1. The Articles of Confederation Chapter 8.1
    2. 2. State Governments <ul><li>Each state created own government </li></ul><ul><li>Republics: people elect reps. to govern on their behalf </li></ul>
    3. 3. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>A document that created the 1 st government of the newly independent United States </li></ul><ul><li>1 st U.S. constitution (1781-87) </li></ul><ul><li>Written by John Dickinson </li></ul><ul><li>Created a “ Firm league of friendship” b/w the states </li></ul>
    4. 4. Strengths of the AOC
    5. 5. General Successes <ul><li>Governed America during Rev. War </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated Treaty of Paris of 1783 </li></ul><ul><li>Created laws that led to orderly westward expansion </li></ul>
    6. 6. Land Ordinance of 1785 <ul><li>Law that created a system of orderly settlement of western lands </li></ul><ul><li>One section of each township sold to fund public schools </li></ul>
    7. 7. Land Ordinance
    8. 8. Northwest Ordinance of 1787 <ul><li>Law that created a system of government for western lands </li></ul><ul><li>Created a procedure used to allow new states </li></ul><ul><li>Resulted in states of OH, IN, MI, MN, WI </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery prohibited in new states </li></ul>
    9. 9. Northwest Ordinance of 1787
    10. 10. Weaknesses of AOC
    11. 11. Fundamental Problem <ul><li>Created a WEAK national government subject to states </li></ul><ul><li>US govt. unable to force state compliance with federal laws </li></ul><ul><li>States had all the power </li></ul>
    12. 12. Weakness of AOC <ul><li>Inefficient Congress </li></ul><ul><li>No POTUS or courts </li></ul><ul><li>Weak military </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to control economy </li></ul>
    13. 13. Shay’s Rebellion
    14. 14. Shay’s Rebellion - 1787 <ul><li>A failed revolt of 1,500 poor MA. farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Daniel Shays </li></ul><ul><li>Led to public calls to fix the AOC government </li></ul>

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