World Habitat Day

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Presentation during celebration of WHD by Institute of Engineers (India), Ludhiana Chapter

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World Habitat Day

  1. 1. PLANNING OUR URBAN FUTURE World Habitat Day:2009 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  2. 2. Illustration 1: Chandigarh 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  3. 3. Illustration 2: Paris 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  4. 4. Illustration 3: San Francisco 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  5. 5. Illustration 4: California 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  6. 6. Illustration 5: Firenze, Itely 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  7. 7. Illustration 6: Slum (Mumbai) 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  8. 8. Illustration 7: Slum 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  9. 9. Illustration 8: Slum 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  10. 10. Illustration 9: Slums 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  11. 11. Agenda • State of our towns and cities. • Basic right of all to adequate shelter. • Collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  12. 12. Habitat: Definition The area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives or occurs. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  13. 13. Habitat: Definition The place where a person or thing is most likely to be found. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  14. 14. Habitat: Definition A structure that affords a controlled environment for living in extremely inhospitable locations, such as an underwater research laboratory. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  15. 15. Shelter: Definition • Something that provides cover or protection, as from the weather. • An establishment that provides temporary housing for homeless people. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  16. 16. Urban Densely populated area. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  17. 17. Slum is a run-down area of a city characterised by substandard housing and squalor and lacking in tenure security. The proportion of urban dwellers living in slums decreased from 47 percent to 37 percent in the developing world between 1990 and 2005. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  18. 18. However, due to rising population, the number of slum dwellers is rising. One billion people worldwide live in slums and the figure will likely grow to 2 billion by 2030. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  19. 19. Urban Planning • Mixture of science and art. • Encompasses many different disciplines • Organization of all elements of a town or urban environment. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  20. 20. • Mid-to-late 19th century: plan or larger goals for the growth of big cities • Cities grow as they had need, and the surrounding land was just swallowed up. • Healthier housing for all: "mill villages" and "steel villages". 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  21. 21. • Plans for safety, aesthetics and common sense • Placement of everything from houses to factories. • Parents wouldn't want their children's playground next to the water treatment plant • Attractive architecture for city buildings 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  22. 22. • Pleasing green spaces • Schools into the neighbourhoods • Hospitals in centralised locations • Allows for growth • Plans highways. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  23. 23. Cities and towns are increasingly feeling the effects of: • climate change • resource depletion • food insecurity • population growth • economic instability 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  24. 24. • overcrowding • poverty • slums 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  25. 25. With over half of the world’s population currently living in urban areas, and this number set to rise to two-thirds in another generation, there is no doubt that the ‘urban agenda’ will increasingly become a priority for governments, local authorities and their non-governmental partners everywhere. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  26. 26. Unfortunately, current urban planning systems in many parts of the world are ill equipped to deal with these major urban challenges of the 21st century and, to a large extent, have failed to acknowledge the need to meaningfully involve communities and other stakeholders in the planning of urban areas. By failing to take these factors into account, planning systems in several parts of the world have contributed to the problems of 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  27. 27. marginalisation and exclusion in rapidly growing and largely, poor and informal cities. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  28. 28. Adequate urban basic services such as water supply, sanitation, waste management and providing the means of mobility, particularly to the urban poor, are central to promoting environmentally sustainable, healthy and liveable human settlements 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  29. 29. But un-controlled growth of cities results in • lowering of the quality of life • reduced urban productivity • increased burden of health care • unmitigated environmental pollution. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  30. 30. Peri-urban settlements (inner-city slums and squatter settlements outside the regulatory boundaries): • Growing at nearly double the rate of the city proper. • 30 and 60 percent of urban populations 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  31. 31. • 75 and 90 percent of future urban growth are likely to take place in these settlements. • Most polluted and inaccessible areas, • Risk from flooding and landslides • Areas contaminated with wastes. • Uncertain or illegal land tenure 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  32. 32. • Lack the most basic infrastructure and services. It is now increasingly recognised that the challenge of attaining the goals of the Habitat Agenda will have to be primarily met in these peri-urban settlements. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  33. 33. Water-related Basic Services At the beginning of 2000, the number of urban dwellers without adequate access to water supplies reached an all-time high of 180 million, an increase of 62 million over the comparable figure in 1990. 39 million in Asian cities 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  34. 34. A total of 409 million urban dwellers remaining without adequate access to sanitation: 305 million in Asia The official statistics on the current coverage of basic services provide only a partial picture of the situation. For example, the coverage figures mostly relate to populations within the boundaries of the formal city and leave 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  35. 35. out large peri-urban populations outside the formal cities. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  36. 36. Mobility Needs In varying degrees of crisis. The main contributing factors are: • galloping urban growth • declining per capita investment in transport infrastructure and services 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  37. 37. • absence of any public space management policy. The mass transport supply is becoming increasingly inadequate to meet the mobility needs of the people, particularly the urban poor. Owing to lack of public transport or simply because the poor can not afford it, walking accounts for up to 50 percent of movements in many developing country cities. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  38. 38. the urban poor are relegated to lower value land at the urban periphery. Consequently, they are forced to spend up to 30 percent of their income on transport to access economic opportunities and services. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  39. 39. A large part of the travel needs of the urban poor are currently met by informal transport and nonmotorised transport, yet few city authorities have a clearly spelt out transport policy addressing their mobility needs. The urban poor are also at the receiving end of the majority of forced eviction / relocation due to transport infrastructure investment. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  40. 40. This has serious negative implications on social development and calls for a review of current programmes and policies for urban management and housing rights including security of tenure. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  41. 41. Resources Government Industry Optimum use resources Solar architecture Insulation of buildings Others: Wherever possible, SAVE, and make equal distribution of benefits 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  42. 42. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
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  44. 44. 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com
  45. 45. Thanks Suggestions / Questions / Commets at: hsrai@gndec.ac.in http://gndec.ac.in/~hsrai/ 13 Nov 09 WSD-09 hs.raiandrai.com

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