Introduction In this PowerPoint presentation I will be talking to you about early settlers-how they lived, what they ate, what they wore and how they were educated. The early settlers’ life was not as hard as the convicts in the first fleet but then again not as easy as our life in the 21st century.
Clothing The young boys wore the same clothes as the girls which were frocks! When the boys were around the age of five, they were given their first shirt and long trousers. When the boys went swimming they stripped off their clothes and went in naked. At night -time they wore a night shirt. If the boy’s family was rich they would have boots and woollen socks. Girls wore clothes that were basically the same as their mothers. Girls later wore a junior corset. When they were older their corsets were laced up tighter to give their body a fashionable figure. When they went to school sometimes the teacher strapped them to a board to make the girls have a straight back. When they went to parties they wore white dresses. Babies wore binders to make their body straight.
Food The provision store provided their food and each week they got a certain amount of food. Some of the food included pigeon and wild duck and a type of bread called damper made from the flour they got. Some of the people thought they could farm but actually could not. They didn’t know how to get the soil just right for planting. When they cooked they cooked on a cauldron . The early settlers actually put a lump of cow poo to stop the mosquitoes getting to their food. They cooked things like mutton, damper and tea.
Education The children who went to school were the children of convicts or poor free settlers. Education was a tool to help them have a better life than their parents. Most children went to school for two or three years. Children who did not go to school usually ended up with a gang that hung around the water front with their future not looking very good. The smelly outside toilets were just holes in the ground . They were not very private. The schools were run by husband s and wives, the husband s teaching the boys and the wives teaching the girls. Boys learnt things like English, Maths (Arithmetic) History and Geography. Girls learnt things like sewing, cooking and music. Some games they played at lunchtime were marbles, cricket and pretending to flog a convict. They didn't have much equipment like books, sewing needles, paper or pens. Slates were used instead of paper. They were re-usable. They used feather pens dipped in ink called a quill. They had to read the bible.
Where they lived Some homes were built with just little stick pegs and old material. Others were built out of old hollow trees and when it rained ,all of the water would rush through the holes. The people in the house would get wet. Then the soil floors would become muddy. The first houses that had rooves were made of grass. The walls were made of sticks. The next houses had slabs of timber for the walls and the rooves were made of shingles split from oak trees. Sometimes the rooves were made of bark. Fences had to be built to keep animals in.