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傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
傲慢與偏見--含電子書
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傲慢與偏見--含電子書

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  • 1. 《傲慢與偏見》(英文:Pride and Prejudice),世界文學名著之一,19 世紀英國小說家珍·奧 斯汀最著名的小說。 創作背景 作者珍·奧斯汀 珍·奧斯汀 1796 年到至 1797 年間寫成此著,寫作地點都是在 英國的漢普郡的史蒂文頓(Steventon Rectory)。 1811 年,奧斯汀校正,原書名叫《第一印象》(First Impressions),不過後來更改名為《傲慢與偏見》。 1813 年,由白丘(Whitehall)的軍方圖書館(Military Library) 出版社的艾格頓先生(Mr. Egerton)出版。此出版社在 1811 年出版了珍·奧斯汀的著名小說《理性與感性》,口碑不錯, 因此決定出版《傲慢與偏見》。 內容簡介[ Pride and Prejudice 核心主題是圍繞著 18 世紀末 19 世紀初,英國地主鄉紳貴族的情感和婚姻問題。
  • 2. 女主角是 20 歲的伊麗莎白·班奈特,她機智、聰慧、善良。她父親班奈特先生多數時間藏在 書房裡,避開妻子班奈特太太。班奈特太太的行為舉止完全是個鄉村愚婦,她最大的心願就 是把五個女兒都成功地嫁給有錢紳士。由於沒有兒子,班奈特家族為數不多的財產要由一位 男性繼承人──也就是說姑娘們的表兄柯林斯先生來繼承,這將使班奈特先生死後,班奈特太 太和其他未婚的女兒無家可歸,並只能靠低收入維持生計。 小說的開頭,當一位有「相當財產」的單身漢搬到鄰近房子時,班奈特太太心情激動。這位 賓利先生最近租下了尼日斐莊園,同住的還有他的兩位姐妹──賓利小姐和已婚的赫斯特太太, 後者的丈夫徒有風度,沒有多少財產。不久,賓利先生去了倫敦一趟,帶回了他的朋友達西 先生。他們到達之後,很快參加了在梅里屯的一場公共舞會。舞會開始時,人們公認每年有 高達 10,000 英鎊的收入的達西先生是最棒的。然而,聚會進行到一半,鄰居們就察覺到他本 人並不討人喜歡,因為他自命比身邊這些「鄉下人」要高貴。班奈特家的人特別討厭他,因 為達西先生怠慢了伊麗莎白。當賓利先生建議達西和伊麗莎白跳舞時,達西卻說:「她還沒 有漂亮到可以打動我的地步。」但賓利先生卻被公認為是個優秀的,令人愉快的紳士。而他 對伊麗莎白最親近的姐姐──珍的愛慕也相當明顯。 傲慢與偏見 舞會之後不久,達西才漸漸發現了伊麗莎白的好:她一雙美麗的黑眼睛、嬌美的體態和她那 爽快、不奉承人的性格都深深地吸引了達西的愛慕。可是達西很快決定了不可讓伊麗莎白發 現這點,免得她有非份之想,反過來控制他的幸福。他竭力隱瞞,所以伊麗莎白一直不知道 高傲的達西先生已愛上了她,而且愛慕越來越深。後來,班奈特先生宣佈一位客人將來訪。
  • 3. 眾人興奮地猜測來客是誰,發現原來是她們的表兄柯林斯先生。柯林斯是個嘮叨勢利的牧師, 將宣讀《對年輕女性的佈道》之類的道德書視為「愉快夜晚活動」。他尋找一切機會提及他 的女贊助人,凱瑟琳·德·鮑爾夫人,像哈巴狗一樣對她阿臾奉承。因凱瑟琳夫人勸他得找個妻 子,柯林斯便馬上在他「可憐的表妹」中尋找人選,還再三提及這他對班奈特家女孩的補償 (這證明他全部的無知愚蠢)。柯林斯原屬意的是珍,但得知她「幾乎已經和賓利先生訂婚」 之後,開始將目光轉向可愛的伊麗莎白。伊麗莎白自然不肯嫁他,但班奈特太太極力支持這 門婚事,甚至試圖強迫伊麗莎白肯首。然而,明白事理的班奈特先生卻對伊麗莎白說:「如 果你不嫁柯林斯先生,你母親不理你了,但如果你嫁的話,便是我不理你了。」,從而表示 支持愛女的決定。與此同時,伊麗莎白認識了一位軍官,韋克翰先生。韋克翰先生英俊迷人、 風度翩翩,令伊麗莎白迅速傾心於他。但他們二人有次談話,韋克翰竟告訴她:達西先生曾 對他不實,令他失去了本唾手可得的財富和機會,伊麗莎白聽後,原來便不太喜歡達西先生 的心又加強了。 被拒絕後,柯林斯先生立刻轉而向伊麗莎白最好的朋友夏綠蒂·盧卡斯求婚,夏洛特答應,二 人很快結婚了。班奈特太太非常失望,但讓她更失望的是不久賓利先生突然離開珍。珍無比 痛心,母親的長吁短歎更使她難過。伊麗莎白應柯林斯先生和夏洛特新婚夫婦之邀,去參觀 他們教區,卻在凱瑟琳·德·鮑爾夫人的羅新斯莊園看見達西先生,原來他是夫人的姨侄。結果 伊麗莎白和達西共度了許多時光。達西先生經過幾番爭扎,最終當面向伊麗莎白承認他對她 那「違背自己意願」的愛慕,並願意娶她為妻,但他告白的態度仍是那麼傲慢,而且認為伊 麗莎白一定不會拒絕他「屈就」的求婚。伊麗莎白大為驚訝,但因為達西先生的態度、韋克
  • 4. 翰先生之前的指控和得知是達西先生曾阻撓賓利和珍在一起,憤怒的她告知達西:「即使世 界上所有男人都死光了,(她)也不可能同他結婚。」 第二天早上,伊莉莎白與達西先生在散步中相遇。達西交給伊莉莎白一封信,然後冷冷離開。 信中達西為自己的行為辯護。他寫道,除了她那些舉止粗俗、令人尷尬的親戚外,他見珍看 上去無動於衷,以為她並不真心愛賓利,思考再三才勸朋友放棄。伊莉莎白也承認,珍矜持 的個性使得其他人難以確定她的真心。同時,達西也揭露了韋克翰花花公子、投機取巧的真 面目。達西以前的行為有了新的合理解釋,伊莉莎白對他的偏見也逐漸瓦解了。 後來,伊莉莎白和她的舅父母嘉蒂納夫婦同偕旅行,並參觀了達西先生的故居彭伯里。在莊 園內散步的時候竟巧遇達西。達西的行為舉止顯得親切了許多。伊莉莎白才發現,原來他的 傲慢後面隱藏著真誠、慷慨的本性,對他開始有所改觀。 但當二人正在增進感情的時候,卻突然收到消息,得知伊莉莎白的妹妹麗迪亞私奔了。由於 伊莉莎白的疏忽,沒有揭露韋克翰的真面目,才使得年輕幼稚的麗迪亞上了當,同韋克翰雙 雙逃出軍團躲避賭債。達西找到了韋克翰,替他還清了賭債並付了一筆生活費,迫他同麗迪 亞結婚。儘管達西要求保密,但麗迪亞的快嘴和嘉蒂納太太最終的坦白仍使伊莉莎白了解了 實情,並徹底扭轉了她對達西的情感。 最終,當達西的姨母,凱瑟琳夫人聽說達西竟對一個門不當戶不對的女孩心生傾慕,並趕來 威脅伊莉莎白時,伊莉莎白明白了即使自己拒絕了第一次求婚,達西仍然愛她。當達西將賓 利先生帶回鄉間,帶回珍的身邊時(他們很快訂婚了),伊莉莎白向達西敞開了心扉,他的 傲慢和她的偏見全部被遺忘了,幸福終於到來。
  • 5. 主要角色 角色的世系 伊麗莎白·班奈特(英文:Elizabeth Bennet,女主角) 班內特家二小姐,二十歲,故事的主角。活潑,聰明,機智,對許多事都極有主見而不屈從 於世俗的通念,喜愛以嘲諷的角度看待自己不喜愛的人事物。 達西先生(英文:Mr. Darcy,全名:Fitzwilliam Darcy,男主角) 一位富有的紳士,英格蘭德比郡的大地主。故事主角。他是賓利先生的好友,外表英俊,個 性內斂但不善與人相處,因此往往引起陌生人的誤會,認定其生性高傲冷酷,引來不少的批 評。 班奈特先生(Mr. Bennet) 一個住在英國哈特福郡鄉間的紳士,已婚,育有五名女兒。但他的財產需要由男性繼承,所以在 他死後,他的遺產將會由和他有著差勁關係的柯林斯先生(Mr Collins)繼承。班奈特先生是 一個溫柔而體貼的人,對他的兩位大女兒,珍和伊麗莎白寵愛有加。不過,他不喜歡他的妻 子和三位小女兒的愚昧和不理性,經常說她們愚蠢以及嘲笑她們。對自己失敗的婚姻已絕望, 是個沉默而善變、幽默卻善諷的人。對於妻子的愚昧,保持著冷眼旁觀的態度。 班奈特太太(Mrs. Bennet) 班奈特先生的太太。她人生中最關注的事,是她的五個女兒能嫁得好,因為將班奈特先生將 來遺產中的主要部份將會由男性繼承人柯林斯先生繼承。是個非常平庸、見識淺薄而又長舌 的女人。她的生活重心在於女兒的終生大事。 珍·班奈特(Jane Bennet)
  • 6. 伊莉莎白的姊姊,班奈特五姐妹中最年長的,也是公認最美麗最漂亮的,而且溫柔體貼、善 解人意,但性格矜持內斂,她相信人性本善,凡事都往好處想,認為世界上沒有壞人。和賓 利先生一見鍾情,最後排除萬難結為夫妻。 瑪莉·班奈特(Mary Bennet) 排行第三,自認在外貌上遜於其他姐妹,因此經常強調自己的學問及音樂方面的素養。 凱瑟林(凱蒂)·班奈特(Catherine "Kitty" Bennet) 排行第四,十七歲,經常跟隨妹妹麗迪亞。 麗迪亞·班奈特(Lydia Bennet) 排行最小,十五歲。愛慕虛榮,個性天真而魯莽。最終和韋克翰私奔,在達西的大力幫助下 兩人才能結婚。 查爾斯·賓利(Charles Bingley) 一個單身的富裕紳士。達西先生的朋友。性格隨和,活潑,但易受人影響。是班奈特太太寄 予厚望的女婿人選。 威廉·柯林斯(William Collins) 班奈特先生的表親,一個嘮叨而勢利的牧師。班奈特先生主要財產的將來繼承人。柯林斯先 生經常奉承他的資助人,凱瑟琳·德波夫人。 夏綠蒂·盧卡斯(Charlotte Lucas) 伊麗莎白的好朋友,也是鄰近盧卡斯家的長女。有著敏銳的觀察力及世故的人生觀,她對愛 情及婚姻的觀點和伊莉莎白截然不同,最終為了將來生活的保障而嫁給了柯林斯。 路易莎·赫斯特夫人(Louisa,Mrs.Hurst)和 卡洛琳·賓利(Caroline Bingley)
  • 7. 賓利先生的姊妹,非常高傲,經常輕視班奈特家族及其他地位比她們低的人。 凱瑟琳·德波夫人(Lady Catherine de Bourgh) 達西先生的姨母,柯林斯先生的資助人。傲慢專橫,富有高傲的貴婦,提拔柯林斯先生為當 地的牧師。門第觀念很深,一心想要把自己的女兒嫁給達西先生,所以相當反對伊莉莎白和 達西先生的婚事。 喬治安娜·達西(Georgiana Darcy) 達西的妹妹,比達西年輕十多歲。含羞內向,多才多藝。 安妮·德波(Anne de Bourgh) 凱瑟林·德波夫人的女兒,體弱多病。 喬治·韋克翰(George Wickham) 一個吸引伊麗莎白的年輕軍人,達西先生的兒時玩伴。生性放蕩不羈,為了報復達西先生, 所以到處傳播毀謗他的謠言,讓伊麗莎白對達西產生偏見。因為揮霍過度,欠債累累,最後 和麗迪亞·班奈特私奔,並結婚。婚後,就厭倦了麗迪亞。 費茲威廉上校(Colonel Fitzwilliam) 凱瑟林的外甥,達西的表親。非常和藹可親的紳士。 菲力太太(Mrs. Philips) 班奈特太太的姊妹,住在鄰近的市鎮,與班奈特一家頗為親近。 愛德華·嘉迪納(Edward Gardiner) 班奈特太太和菲力太太的兄弟,在倫敦做生意。聰明而且有教養。 嘉迪納太太(Mrs. Gardiner) 嘉迪納先生的太太,是班奈特姊妹──特別是珍和伊麗莎白最喜歡的阿姨。
  • 8. 關係 <傲慢與偏見>主要人物關係簡圖 線 上 電 子 書—傲慢與偏見 http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/1342 http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1342/1342-h/1342-h.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pride_and_Prejudice_(1940_movie) Pride and Prejudice (1940 film) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Pride and Prejudice (1940 movie)) Pride and Prejudice
  • 9. Theatrical release poster Directed by Robert Z. Leonard Produced by Hunt Stromberg Screenplay by Aldous Huxley Helen Jerome Jane Murfin Based on Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen Starring Laurence Olivier Greer Garson Maureen O'Sullivan Edna May Oliver Mary Boland Edmund Gwenn Music by Herbert Stothart Cinematography Karl Freund Editing by Robert Kern Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Release date(s) July 26, 1940 Running time 117 minutes Country United States Language English Budget $1,437,000 [1] Box office $1,001,000 (Domestic earnings) [1] $848,000 (Foreign earnings) [1]
  • 10. Pride and Prejudice is a 1940 film adaptation of Jane Austen's novel Pride and Prejudice. Robert Z. Leonard directed, and Aldous Huxley served as one of the screenwriters of the film. It is adapted specifically from the stage adaptation by Helen Jerome in addition to Jane Austen's novel. The period of the film is later than that of Austen's novel, a move motivated by a desire to use more elaborate and flamboyant costumes than those from Austen's time period. The film is substantially different from the novel in a number of ways; most notably, the confrontation near the end of the film between Lady Catherine de Bourgh and Elizabeth Bennet was radically altered, changing the former's haughty demand that Elizabeth promise never to marry Darcy into a hoax to test the mettle and sincerity of Elizabeth's love. In the novel, this confrontation is an authentic demand motivated by Lady Catherine's snobbery and, especially, by her ardent desire that Darcy marry her own daughter. Plot[ Greer Garson in Pride and Prejudice. Mrs. Bennet (Mary Boland) and her two eldest daughters, Jane (Maureen O'Sullivan) and Elizabeth (Greer Garson), are shopping for new dresses when they see two gentlemen and a lady alight from a very expensive carriage outside. They learn that the men are Mr. Bingley (Bruce Lester), who has just rented the local estate of Netherfield, and Mr. Darcy (Laurence Olivier), both wealthy, eligible bachelors, which excites Mrs. Bennet. Collecting her other daughters, MrsBennet returns home, where she tries to make Mr. Bennet see Mr. Bingley, but he refuses, having already made his acquaintance. At the next ball, Elizabeth sees how proud Mr. Darcy is when she overhears him refusing to dance with her, and also meets Mr. Wickham, who tells Elizabeth how Mr. Darcy did him a terrible wrong. When Mr. Darcy does ask her to dance with him, she refuses, but when Mr. Wickham asks her right in front of Darcy, she accepts. The Bennets' cousin, Mr. Collins (Melville Cooper), who will inherit the Bennet estate upon the death or Mr. Bennet, arrives, looking for a wife, and decides that Elizabeth will be suitable. At ball held at Netherfield, he keeps following her around and won't leave her alone. Mr. Darcy surprisingly helps her out, and later asks her to dance. After seeing the reckless behaviour of her mother and younger sisters however, he leaves her again, making Elizabeth very angry with him once more. The next day, Mr. Collins asks her to marry him, but she refuses point blank. He then goes and becomes engaged to her best friend, Charlotte Lucas (Karen Morley). Elizabeth visits Charlotte in her new home. There, she is introduced to Lady Catherine de Bourgh (Edna May Oliver), and also encounters Mr. Darcy again. Later, he asks her to marry him, but she refuses, partly due to the story
  • 11. Wickham had told her about Darcy depriving him of his rightful fortune, and also because she has just learned that he broke up the romance between Mr. Bingley and Jane. They get into a heated argument and he leaves. When Elizabeth returns to Longborn, she learns that Lydia has eloped with Wickham. Mr. Darcy visits her and tells her that Wickham will never marry Lydia. He reveals that Wickham had tried to elope with his then 15-year-old sister, Georgiana. After he leaves, Elizabeth realizes that she loves him, but believes he will never see her again because of Lydia's disgraceful act. Lydia and Wickham return married to the house. Later, Lady Catherine visits and reveals that Mr. Darcy found Lydia and forced Wickham to marry her. Darcy reappears, and he and Elizabeth proclaim their love for each other. The movie ends with a long kiss between Elizabeth and Darcy, with Mrs. Bennet spying on them and seeing how her other daughters have found good suitors. Cast and crew Greer Garson as Elizabeth Bennet Laurence Olivier as Fitzwilliam Darcy Mary Boland as Mrs. Bennet Edna May Oliver as Lady Catherine de Bourgh Maureen O'Sullivan as Jane Bennet Ann Rutherford as Lydia Bennet Frieda Inescort as Caroline Bingley Edmund Gwenn as Mr. Bennet Karen Morley as Charlotte Lucas Collins Heather Angel as Kitty Bennet Marsha Hunt as Mary Bennet Melville Cooper as Mr. Collins Edward Ashley Cooper as George Wickham Bruce Lester as Mr. Bingley E.E. Clive as Sir Willam Lucas Majorie Wood as Lady Lucas Vernon Downing as Captain Carter Reception The film was critically well received. Bosley Crowther in a 9 August 1940 review for the New York Times described the film as "the most deliciously pert comedy of old manners, the most crisp and crackling satire in costume that we in this corner can remember ever having seen on the screen." Crowther also praised casting decisions and noted of the two central protagonists, "Greer Garson is Elizabeth—'dear, beautiful Lizzie'—stepped right out of the book, or rather out of one's fondest imagination: poised, graceful, self-contained, witty, spasmodically stubborn and as lovely as a woman can be. Laurence Olivier is Darcy, that's all there is to it—the arrogant, sardonic Darcy whose pride went before a most felicitous fall.".[2] TV Guide, commenting upon the changes made to the original novel by this adaptation, calls the film "an unusually successful adaptation of Jane Austen's most famous novel. Although the satire is slightly reduced and coarsened and the period advanced in order to use more flamboyant costumes, the
  • 12. spirit is entirely in keeping with Austen's sharp, witty portrait of rural 19th century social mores." The reviewer also comments upon the cast, stating "Garson never did anything better than her Elizabeth Bennet. Genteel but not precious, witty yet not forced, spirited but never vulgar, Garson's Elizabeth is an Austen heroine incarnate. Olivier, too, has rarely been better in a part requiring the passion of his Heathcliff from Wuthering Heights but strapping it into the straitjacket of snobbery." The film received an 88% rating from Rotten Tomatoes (7 fresh and 1 rotten reviews) Differences Between the Film & Novel This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research may be removed. (October 2012) Among aficionados of Jane Austen's original novel, this movie adaptation diverges drastically from the novel and being excessively "Hollywoodized" — and for putting the women in clothes based on the styles of the late 1820s and the styles of the 1830s which were different from the Regency styles appropriate to the novel's setting. The timeframe of the movie's plot progression is noticeably compressed, with certain events being juxtaposed in the film that were separated by days, weeks or even months in the novel. Wickham did not attend the Meryton ball where Darcy first insults Elizabeth, and in fact never attended any ball at which Darcy was also present. There is an archery scene between Darcy and Elizabeth that is not present at all in the novel. Darcy's revelation of Wickham's attempted elopement with his own sister, Georgiana, is not done in person after Lydia and Wickham's elopement as is shown in the movie; in the novel, he describes these events to Elizabeth in the letter he delivers to her the day after she turns down his marriage proposal during her stay at Hunsford. The film eliminates two journeys: 1) In the novel, Jane travels to London with the Bennett girls' Aunt and Uncle Gardiner after the Christmas holiday. The Bingleys, the Hursts and Darcy had already left Hertfordshire for London at the time, shortly after the Netherfield ball on 26 November, and Jane specifically goes in the hopes of seeing Charles Bingley and continuing their fledgling courtship. Darcy and Bingley's sisters actively conceal her being in London from Charles in their efforts to put an end to Charles and Jane's budding romance, which Darcy confesses to during his proposal to Elizabeth at Hunsford. 2) Later in the novel, Elizabeth plans an extensive tour of the 'lake country' with the same aunt and uncle, only to have her uncle's business responsibilities cut short the time available for the trip and rerouting the trio to Derbyshire. In Derbyshire, Elizabeth has an opportunity to see Pemberly, Darcy's home estate, and to see a different side of Darcy than she had encountered previously. She also meets Georgiana Darcy and develops a rapport with the shy teenager, to Darcy's great pleasure. This is the first time Darcy has seen her since the disastrous marriage proposal as well, and his first opportunity to show her how much he has changed in the wake of her scathing rejection and rebukes. It is during this trip that Elizabeth and Darcy both find out about Lydia's elopement, via Jane's letters to Elizabeth begging her to return with their aunt and uncle in the face of the family crisis.
  • 13. Also changed is the timing of Lydia's elopement with Wickham. In the novel, Lydia follows Wickham's regiment to Brighton as the companion of the colonel's wife, and elopes with Wickham from there. As described above, this takes place while Elizabeth is in Derbyshire with her Aunt and Uncle Gardiner, not after Elizabeth's return from her visit to the Collins' at Hunsford as happens in the movie. When Lydia and Wickham visit Longbourne after their wedding in the novel, which is several weeks after the initial elopement and Elizabeth's return from Derbyshire, it is Lydia who reveals that Darcy was at their wedding, and it is Elizabeth's Aunt Gardiner who, by letter, reveals his role in getting the elopees to the altar. Mary and Kitty do not have suitors at the end of the novel. The following characters were eliminated completely from this film adaptation: Georgiana Darcy (Fitzwilliam Darcy's younger sister) Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner (Elizabeth's maternal uncle and his wife) Colonel and Mrs. Forster (the commanding officer of the Meryton regiment and his wife, whom Lydia goes to Brighton as a companion to in the novel) Maria Lucas (Charlotte Lucas' younger sister) Mr. and Mrs. Hurst (Charles Bingley's married sister and her husband)

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