<ul><li>VRA </li></ul><ul><li>Toronto 2009   </li></ul><ul><li>Material Information for Architects </li></ul><ul><li>Donna...
material history
process innovation + product innovation
 
 
http://www.materia.nl/ + www.transstudio.com/ www. greenbuildingpages .com/press/Benchmarking/GBP2007CreditUpdate. htm www...
material explorations
 
 
 
 
material  research
how do we select materials for a building?
how do we select materials for a building? visual characteristics + cost
INTRINSIC  PROPERTIES (remain  constant ) properties that are inherent to the material and can be measured mechanical + el...
composition of material the chemical and mineral content from the chart
 
VOC volatile organic compounds as a percentage or parts per million (ppm) from the Material Safety Data Sheet or call manu...
origin of raw materials where (in the world) are the raw ingredients mined or removed from the earth? locate on a map. how...
manufacturing process how the raw material gets made into a finished product how much energy is used? how much water is us...
energy used in manufacturing cradle to gate expressed as MJ per kg or BTU per ton convert to BTU per sq. ft. of specified ...
Titanium 430 MJ/kg   Polycarbonate 86 MJ/kg   Float glass 15.9 MJ/kg Cypress 2 MJ/kg
Hammond, Geoffrey P. and Craig I. Jones, 2008.  'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials',  Proc. Instn Civil...
energy used in transportation gate to site  = transportation method  x  transportation distance RAIL:  344  BTU per ton-mi...
embodied energy  = cradle to gate  +  gate to site
embodied water amount of water required in manufacturing process  (including extraction of raw materials) L per kg convert...
weight pounds per cubic foot pounds per sq. ft. of specified thickness
density weight per unit of volume pounds per cubic foot
R value insulation property of a material (the higher the number the greater the insulative qualities) U value: how well a...
compressive strength ability of material to resist loads/force pounds per square inch (psi) metals are more elastic under ...
tensile strength nominal stress at which the material, loaded in tension,  separates pounds per square inch (psi)
sound transmission rating how well a partition attenuates airborne sound the decibel sound reduction the partition offers ...
UL Flame Spread rating relative rate at which a flame will be spread in a material Class A: 0- 25 Class B: 26-75 Class C: ...
recycled content %
ability to be recycled readily possible not possible or can material be reclaimed?
electrical/magnetic conductivity: ability to conduct electrical current resistivity: ability to resist electrical current ...
coolness/warmth thermal diffusivity: ability of a material to transfer heat in a nonsteady state condition square metres p...
history of material from discovery to now
precedents in use in buildings or products
life expectancy (durability) in years
cost per sq. ft. of specified thickness for material cost only for material + labor?  for place it will be installed
standard sizes maximum sizes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
architectural specifications
 
 
 
CONTACT US Trespa North America Ltd. 12267 Crosthwaite Circle
 Poway, CA 92064
USA Phone: (800) 487-3772
 Fax: ( 858) 679-...
material  library
 
 
 
 
ceramics  glass concrete other masonry wood  metal  polymers
COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH DATABASE INTRINSIC  PROPERTIES (remain  constant ) properties that are inherent to the material and...
COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH DATABASE properties that are inherent to the material and can be measured Composition of materials ...
POTENTIAL COLLABORATORS VRA AIA USGBC ACSA NCARB Universities Professional Architects Designers
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Material Information for Architects

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Presentation at VRA 2009 by Donna Kacmar, University of Houston, at the session on materials libraries

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Material Information for Architects

  1. 1. <ul><li>VRA </li></ul><ul><li>Toronto 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Material Information for Architects </li></ul><ul><li>Donna Kacmar </li></ul><ul><li>University of Houston </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  2. 2. material history
  3. 3. process innovation + product innovation
  4. 6. http://www.materia.nl/ + www.transstudio.com/ www. greenbuildingpages .com/press/Benchmarking/GBP2007CreditUpdate. htm www. healthybuilding .net/news/061109pharos.html www. healthybuilding .net/news/060629labelgame.html www. pharosproject .net/ www. localgreenmaterials .org www.core77.com www.idsa.org www.matweb.com www.ides.com www.materialconnexion.com
  5. 7. material explorations
  6. 12. material research
  7. 13. how do we select materials for a building?
  8. 14. how do we select materials for a building? visual characteristics + cost
  9. 15. INTRINSIC PROPERTIES (remain constant ) properties that are inherent to the material and can be measured mechanical + electrical + physical + chemical + thermal properties: strength toughness conductivity density reactivity EXTRINSIC PROPERTIES ( vary depending on project, location) properties that are dependant on context (time and place) of processing and application optical properties acoustical cost (initial cost + life cycle cost) durability cultural value
  10. 16. composition of material the chemical and mineral content from the chart
  11. 18. VOC volatile organic compounds as a percentage or parts per million (ppm) from the Material Safety Data Sheet or call manufacturer or product representative
  12. 19. origin of raw materials where (in the world) are the raw ingredients mined or removed from the earth? locate on a map. how far away is that from the building site? you will need a specific material or product to trace its exact path
  13. 20. manufacturing process how the raw material gets made into a finished product how much energy is used? how much water is used? does the process pollute air or water? does it harm the employees working at the manufacturing facility?
  14. 21. energy used in manufacturing cradle to gate expressed as MJ per kg or BTU per ton convert to BTU per sq. ft. of specified thickness for cladding materials
  15. 22. Titanium 430 MJ/kg Polycarbonate 86 MJ/kg Float glass 15.9 MJ/kg Cypress 2 MJ/kg
  16. 23. Hammond, Geoffrey P. and Craig I. Jones, 2008. 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn Civil Engrs: Energy , 161 (2): 87-98 http://www.atypon-link.com/TELF/doi/abs/10.1680/ener.2008.161.2.87 https://wiki.bath.ac.uk/display/ICE/Home+Page
  17. 24. energy used in transportation gate to site = transportation method x transportation distance RAIL: 344 BTU per ton-mile BOAT: 417 BTU per ton-mile TRUCK: 4,300 BTU per ton-mile PLANE: 31,600 BTU per ton-mile (2003 energy intensities )
  18. 25. embodied energy = cradle to gate + gate to site
  19. 26. embodied water amount of water required in manufacturing process (including extraction of raw materials) L per kg convert to gallons per sq. ft. of specified thickness
  20. 27. weight pounds per cubic foot pounds per sq. ft. of specified thickness
  21. 28. density weight per unit of volume pounds per cubic foot
  22. 29. R value insulation property of a material (the higher the number the greater the insulative qualities) U value: how well a material conducts heat
  23. 30. compressive strength ability of material to resist loads/force pounds per square inch (psi) metals are more elastic under loading ceramics fail suddenly and unpredictably
  24. 31. tensile strength nominal stress at which the material, loaded in tension, separates pounds per square inch (psi)
  25. 32. sound transmission rating how well a partition attenuates airborne sound the decibel sound reduction the partition offers (dB) STC rating
  26. 33. UL Flame Spread rating relative rate at which a flame will be spread in a material Class A: 0- 25 Class B: 26-75 Class C: 76-200 Class D: 201+
  27. 34. recycled content %
  28. 35. ability to be recycled readily possible not possible or can material be reclaimed?
  29. 36. electrical/magnetic conductivity: ability to conduct electrical current resistivity: ability to resist electrical current magnetic properties
  30. 37. coolness/warmth thermal diffusivity: ability of a material to transfer heat in a nonsteady state condition square metres per second thermal conductivity: ability of a material to transfer heat in a steady state condition
  31. 38. history of material from discovery to now
  32. 39. precedents in use in buildings or products
  33. 40. life expectancy (durability) in years
  34. 41. cost per sq. ft. of specified thickness for material cost only for material + labor? for place it will be installed
  35. 42. standard sizes maximum sizes
  36. 52. architectural specifications
  37. 56. CONTACT US Trespa North America Ltd. 12267 Crosthwaite Circle
 Poway, CA 92064
USA Phone: (800) 487-3772
 Fax: ( 858) 679-0440
 [email_address] .com
  38. 57. material library
  39. 62. ceramics glass concrete other masonry wood metal polymers
  40. 63. COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH DATABASE INTRINSIC PROPERTIES (remain constant ) properties that are inherent to the material and can be measured mechanical + electrical + physical + chemical + thermal properties: strength toughness conductivity density reactivity SCHOOL SPECIFIC RESEARCH DATABASE + MATERIAL LIBRARY EXTRINSIC PROPERTIES ( vary depending on project, location) properties that are dependant on context (time and place) of processing and application optical properties acoustical cost (initial cost + life cycle cost) durability cultural value
  41. 64. COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH DATABASE properties that are inherent to the material and can be measured Composition of materials Recycled content Recyclability Weight Density R-value Sound transmission value UL Flame spread rating VOC Content Embodied energy: cradle to gate Hosting of database SCHOOL SPECIFIC RESEARCH DATABASE + MATERIAL LIBRARY properties that are dependant on context (time and place) of processing and application Cost (initial cost + life cycle cost) Durability Embodied energy: gate to site Physical samples
  42. 65. POTENTIAL COLLABORATORS VRA AIA USGBC ACSA NCARB Universities Professional Architects Designers

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