Suppose you want to build a fort. Your first step is to look around and see what materials are available.The first people to live on a region must also learn to use the available resources.
First People American Indians—Haudenosaunee Used the resources of the land to survive Governed themselves Traded with other nations
Natural Resources Used In the North—MicMac Nation Growing season was short, so they mostly hunted for food They moved where the animals were Hunted sea mammals and land animals Fished and collected plants and shellfish
Natural Resources Used In the South—Lenni Lenape nation Grew corn Families worked together to fish and farm during the long growing season Families hunted separately during the winter Lived in longhouses
Colonies and Traders 1500s: explorers from Europe reached north America 1620: Pilgrims came to Massachusetts Seeking a place to practice their religion freely Puritans soon followed
Colonies and Traders Dutch and French Began trading with American Indians American Indians gave them fur Dutch and French gave them pots, cloth, tools, and beads Dutch and French lived mainly in Manhattan Island and Hudson River Valley
Conflicts in the Colonies English colonies grew as more Europeans arrived. American Indians were forced from most of their land.
Conflicts in the Colonies In the mid-1700’s, many colonists disliked English rule. War between Americans and English started. In 1776, American leaders met in Philadelphia and declared that colonies should rule themselves.
A New Nation Americans won the war against England Constitution: a plan for creating and running a government. It did not include women, American Indians, or Africans in slavery Slavery: an unjust system in which one person owns another
Let’s Review Colonists fought Indians wereIndians for land forced from mostand resources. of their land.Colonists fought Colonists wereEngland for free to governfreedom. themselves.
Factories and Workers 1790: Samuel Slater Built the first water-powered spinning machine 1813: Francis Cabot Lowell Brought the first power loom to the East Allowed cotton to be spun into cloth Hired unmarried women to work in his factory
The Growth in Industries Industry: a business that makes good in factories Workers began moving from farms to cities for the new jobs
Growth in America Immigration: movement of people from one nation to another Late 1800s millions of people had immigrated from Europe Wanted to escape war and poverty Hoped to find a better life in America