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  • How to tell when a friend or family members body issues become more
    Normal concerns about body image can cross the line and become eating disorders when a person starts to do things that are physically and emotionally dangerous — things that could have long-term health consequences.
    •Starvation or restriction
    •Purging
    oLaxatives
    oDiuretics
    oIpecac syrup
    oSelf induced vomiting
    •Over eating or compulsive eating
    •Over exercising
    Some signs for when someone’s body consciousness or self esteem issues become something more
    •Obsession with weight or food
    •Knowledge of exact amounts of calories or grams of fat in foods they are eating
    •Paleness, extreme tiredness, or easily bruising
    •Avoids friends during meals or claims they have already eaten before meeting up
    •Going on dramatic or very restrictive crash diets
    •Despite size always talks about how over weight they are

  • Anorexia Nervosa
    •Anorexia nervosa is self inflicted starvation. Anorexia is a mental disease that has physical symptoms, usually caused by emotional trauma, or depression. Many people suffering will go long periods of time without food, but will continually deny hunger. Women with anorexia nervosa often also limit or restrict other parts of their lives besides food, including relationships, social activities, or pleasure. Anorexia nervosa can cause severe medical problems and even lead to death.
    •People with anorexia are usually 15% under their ideal body weight
    •They can suffer from many symptoms some as small as feeling tired and cold all the time, to more severe symptoms like hair loss and heart palpitations.
    •It can be treated with intense therapy and weight gain programs, but the longer left untreated the more dangerous it is.

  • •Bulimia nervosa is a cycle of out-of-control eating followed by some form of purging. The purging may be self induced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, or obsessive exercising. Women with bulimia nervosa often also feel out of control in other areas of their lives besides food. Women suffering from bulimia nervosa may spend money excessively, abuse drugs or alcohol, or engage in chaotic relationships.
    •People with bulimia can be under weight, over weight, or their normal ‘ideal” body index. But this disease is deadly.
    •Bulimia causes the body to be dehydrated due to loss of fluids from the body, the repetitive purging can cause dental erosion, esophageal cancer, kidney failure, chemical imbalances, and heart attacks
    •It can be treated with intense therapy and weight gain programs, but the longer left untreated the more dangerous it is.

  • •Binge eating can affect women or men, though it appears twice as often among women. People with binge eating disorder suffer from bouts of uncontrolled eating or bingeing followed by periods of guilt and depression. Binge eating is classified by the consumption of large amounts of food, sometimes accompanied by a pressured, "frenzied" feeling. Binge eating disorder may cause a person to continue to eat even after she becomes uncomfortably full.
    •This disease has an impact on both physical and mental health. If left untreated, binge eating can lead to severe medical problems including high cholesterol, diabetes, heart disease, and depression.

  • •This is a condition that involves obsessions, which are distressing thoughts that repeatedly intrude into a person's daily life
    •Obsessions can be with certain body parts, weight, skin color, or any other aspect of ones appearance.
    •Just as people with eating disorders obsess about their weight, people with BDD become obsessed over an aspect of their appearance. People with BDD may worry their hair is thin, their face is scarred, their eyes aren't exactly the same size, their nose is too big, or their lips are too thin
    •BDD has been called "imagined ugliness" because the appearance issues the person is obsessing about usually are so small that other people don't care about them or even notice them
    •BDD can be extremely stressful and cause people to avoid social situation in fear of people seeing them or their “mentally enhanced” minor flaw
    •Many people with BDD also develop depression sometimes and in severe cases people suffering from BDD may even consider or attempt suicide

  • Male body image issues
    •While women are expected to be thin to be beautiful men can suffer from bad body image problems as well
    oSome symptoms of bad male body image can be steroid abuse, like the Barbie complex there are some researchers that also talk about the Ken complex, men want to be bigger and stronger and sometimes will go to extreme lengths to gain that excess muscle mass
    oAnd also similar to the way models and female celebrities are photo shopped in magazines to appear perfect , athletes can seem to have super human qualities they are idolized

  • -10% of the 8 million people suffering from an eating disorder in the US are men. People from the renfrew center and many credited professionals say that there are probably another 10% of men suffering from an eating disorder, but since its labeled as a “woman's” disease men are too afraid to say anything and usually aren’t able to get the help the need.
    -There are also many male athletes that use disordered symptoms to cut weight (i.e. wrestling, gymnastics, and track)
  • Marilyn Monroe was the epitome of beauty in her time period
    •She was a size 8 or 10 in today’s fashion that would be considered a curvy woman
    •Most models of this time had curves
    •In Medieval times women were supposed to be larger, large hips thighs and breasts were qualities that a man looked for
    o“Child bearing hips”
    In 1999, Marilyn was named the Number One Sex Star of the 20th Century by Playboy magazine


  • Twiggy was known as the first international supermodel
    •She changed the fashion industry by being the first super thin model
    •She started the mod fashion wave of the 60s
    Ever since models have been size 0, 2, or 4
    The ‘standard’ of beauty that used to be curvy and voluptuous has become anorexic chic, girls who are 5’8” or taller and under 115lbs

  • All light blue slides counted as 1 continuous slide




  • When advertisements are made for fashion or beauty products almost all of the pictures are photoshopped to make the women portrayed in them seem to look “perfect”. But as anyone can plainly see the girl used in this advertisement has been heavily photoshopped. Not only can photos be manipulated by a computer but the lighting has an effect on the photograph, as well as professional hair make up and air brushing to make skin seem flawless. In reality people do not really look like this. Here are some things that have been changed about this woman’s face digitally
    -Her neck has been elongated
    -Her eyes were made bigger
    -Her lips made fuller
    -Her jaw was made smaller
    -Her hair made bigger
    -Skin was airbrushed
    Here are some things that were changed using elements other then a computer
    -Lighting
    -Heavy makeup
    -Professional hair styling
    -A fan to make her hair like that for the picture
    Normal people do not have access to all these amenities for their everyday life.
  • What is the need of photo shopped pictures?
    •There was a recent scandal in Hollywood with some pictures of Kim Kardashian who was posing for a magazine, the pictures that were on the internet and the ones published in the magazine were two different versions, the ones in the magazine were the “untouched” photos and the ones online were the retouched photos, he skin was airbrushed, thighs were made smaller, waist cinched, shoulders were made more narrower, and her breasts were lifted.
    Why does the media retouch these photos and why do normal people love them so much instead of criticize the fact that people don’t really look like that in reality?
    •The answer to that long asked question is that people feel like they need people to look up to and idolize. Celebrities are made to look like they live the easy life and when photos of them are retouched to look like they are completely flawless, people believe it. They want to believe that some human beings are actually flawless, but in fact its just the opposite, they are human beings, meaning they are not perfect. Why should we be subjected to this self comparison to something that is completely airbrushed and fake looking.

  • The diet industry makes billions of dollars every year, they are able to produce products without approval by the FDA.
    Women as a whole are made to feel inadequate through these photographs. That’s how many companies sell products to people, they use their advertisements to make people feel like their product will make them somehow better looking, thinner, or more appealing to the opposite sex.

  • These products may claim you can shed pounds without diet or exercise, but the bottom line is that their effectiveness is questionable at best, and side effects can be as serious as those seen with prescription and OTC drugs, ranging from bloating and diarrhea to serious heart problems.
    •On the other end of the diet-pill spectrum are herbs and supplements. What separates these diet pills from the rest is that they are not regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are not held to the same standards as prescription and OTC medicines.

  • Quick fix diets do not work, the diet industry plays up peoples desire to shed fat and loose pounds quickly.
    5 quick tips from www.Kidshealth.com that help spot a fad diet
    •The diet is based on drastically cutting back calories
    •The diet is based on taking special pills, powders, or herbs
    •The diet tells you to eat only specific foods or foods in certain combinations
    •The diet makes you completely cut out fat, sugar, or carbs
    •The diet requires you to skip meals or replace meals with special drinks or food bars

  • Real barbie dimensions-5 feet 9 inches tall. She weighs 110 pounds. Her bust is 39 inches, her waist only 18 inches and her hips are 33 inches. Since the size-three feet on “Get Real Barbie” would be unable to support a woman with these proportions, Barbie would have to walk on all fours.
    The Barbie complex
    http://fishyvb.something-fishy.org/showthread.php?t=45779&goto=nextoldest
    This link to a website message board on somethingsfishy.org an eating disorder oriented website geared toward recovery. While doing research about the effect of Barbie as a role model I found an interesting conversation that made some very valid arguments.
    •Young boys as they are growing up are praised not usually for their looks but for being fast, strong, or being able to get things done
    •On the other hand little girls are praised for their looks like how cute they are, therefore, little girls grow up thinking that their looks are their most powerful attributes
    •This is something that is almost unavoidable, but as little girls grow up they value their body for its physical appearance and they compare to every other girls they see, while little boys value their bodies for what they can accomplish and because of this they are much more likely to not be insecure about their bodies like girls are
    But another point about Barbie and Ken was brought up that I thought was interesting the opposite of what the “Barbie complex” is, and saying that Barbie is a good role model for little girls and how all boys young and old think they are “ken” material
    •Many men have huge egos even when a woman gives them “the look” you can see their heads double in size and if you turn them down they convince themselves you weren’t worth it
    •But this persons take on Barbie being a role model was that little girls want to be Barbie because she can be anything she wants to be, there is doctor Barbie, astronaut Barbie, teacher Barbie, rock star Barbie, and much, much more. And she does all this while driving an awesome car, and living in her “dream house”.
    •This person says who cares if in real life she might fall over from being out of proportion but she should be praised for her accomplishments and little girls can look up to her and think that if Barbie can be anyone and accomplish anything then so can I. In a little girls eyes Barbie is awesome
    Article “Get Real Barbie” http://www.helpstartshere.org/mind-and-spirit/eating-disorders/eating-disorders-real-life-story.html

  • “Studies investigating the media's impact on body image find that comparing oneself to thin models in the media results in body image disturbance.” (MALHEIM, JEREMY E.)
    We need to change this mind set and show people already suffering from bad body image and teach the youth in our nation that they are beautiful just the way they already are and that they should feel comfortable in their own skin.
    The model featured in this picture Crystal Renn has started to change the industry for the better. She was originally a size 2 model when she started and after losing control of her weight loss and dieting had to leave the modeling industry to get healthy. Now she has reemerged after gaining 70lbs and a healthy size 12 and is back on the cat walk. She models for big designers who are starting to cater to women of a healthier size.
  • If a friend has these symptoms and you're concerned, the first thing to do might be to talk to your friend, privately, about what you've noticed. Tell your friend that you're worried.
    Be as gentle as possible, and try to really listen to and be supportive of your friend
    If your concerns continue even after you talk to your friend tell a trusted adult or parent to get further help from
    •Try not to make statements like, "If you'd just eat (you'll get better."
    •Focus on your friend's strengths that he or she has a great smile, is helpful and friendly, or good at math or art
    oAvoid focusing on physical appearance
    oIt's not about a diet. It's not about vanity. It's not a choice.
    Our society is so based on looks and some outside contributing factors
    •Praising or glorifying a person based on body size or appearance.
    •Complimenting someone when she loses weight or diets.
    •Encouraging someone to lose weight.
    •Talking negatively about our bodies.
    •Discussing measurements, weights, or clothing sizes.
    •Thinking of foods as "good" or "bad."
    •Making fun of another person's eating habits or food choices.
    •Criticizing your own eating.
    •Expecting perfection.
    •Assuming that a fat person wants or needs to lose weight.
    •Agreeing with the media's view about what body types are acceptable or attractive.
    If you or your friend needs professional help contact the Renfrew center a rehab facility for eating disorders
    Call The Renfrew Center at 1-800-RENFREW. This number could be a lifeline to someone you know.
    The Renfrew Center Foundation475 Spring LanePhiladelphia, PA 19128877-367-3383 Fax: (215) 482-2695E-Mail: foundation@renfrew.org

  • Dove wants to stop the stereotyping of the beauty industry and what it means to be beautiful
    Dove strives to create controversial ads that portray “real women”
    •Without all the special make up and hair treatments
    •Without photo shop or air brushing
    •They want to show people that everyone is beautiful just the way they are and that no one is perfect and that no “body” looks the same
    The campaign for real beauty holds self esteem work shops that coincide with the Girl Scouts of America. They want to teach younger girls the importance of self esteem
    •Trying to teach a new generation about what beauty really is
    •These workshops do activities to build self esteem and teach about internal beauty and beauty that comes from being a good healthy person

  • Michelle says that beauty is knowing who you are and not letting other peoples opinions of your apperance influence the fact that you love who you are
  • Chloe says beauty is in the eyes of the beholder and something that is individual to each person
  • Liz thinks that beauty is being comfortable in your own skin and accepting your flaws
  • Brittany thinks that beauty is a good personality and someone who is kind makes up a beautiful person.

  • Some people feel that beauty is more of something that goes along with apperance.
  • Here Addy a young girl who is innocent to most of the beauty industry gives the reasons why she thinks she is beautiful. She says here that she thinks she is beautiful because she loves her mom and because god made her that way. Religion is a healthy outlet for young children, while not everyone agrees with the same religion I think they can agree that young girls need healthy ideas of beautiful and people to look up to.
  • Remember that the sun will still rise tomorrow even if I had one too many slices of pizza or an extra scoop of ice cream tonight.
    Never blame my body for the bad day I'm having.
    Stop joining in when my friends compare and trash their own bodies.
    Never allow a dirty look from someone else to influence how I feel about my appearance.
    Quit judging a person solely by how his or her body looks — even if it seems harmless — because I'd never want anyone to do that to me.
    Notice all the amazing things my body is doing for me every moment I walk, talk, think, breathe...
    Quiet that negative little voice in my head when it starts to say mean things about my body that I'd never tolerate anyone else saying about me.
    Remind myself that what you see isn't always what you get on TV and in ads — it takes a lot of airbrushing, dieting, money, and work to look like that.
    Remember that even the girl who I'd swap bodies with in a minute has something about her looks that she hates.
    Respect my body by feeding it well, working up a sweat when it needs it, and knowing when to give it a break.
    Realize that the mirror can reflect only what's on the surface of me, not who I am inside.
    Know that I'm already beautiful just the way I am.

    Read more: http://www.seventeen.com/health-sex-fitness/body-types/body-peace-pledge#ixzz0kKHVCTJF

  • Transcript

    • 1. Body Image and Self Esteem By Hannah Schalles
    • 2. Thesis Statement Body image and self esteem have become such important issues, over the years the media has morphed the standard of beauty. If left alone negative body image can turn into an even more dangerous situation such as a eating disorder, depression, and anxiety.
    • 3. When Bad Body Image Goes Wrong Eating Disorders, Depression, Anxiety • http://kidshealth.org/teen/ food_fitness/problems/ friend_eating_disorder.html
    • 4. http://www.renfrewcenter.com/eating-disorders-anorexia-bulimia/anorexia-nervosa.asp Anorexia Nervosa
    • 5. http://www.renfrewcenter.com/eating-disorders-anorexia-bulimia/bulimia-nervosa.asp Bulimia Nervosa
    • 6. http://www.renfrewcenter.com/eating-disorders-anorexia-bulimia/compulsive-overeating.asp Binge Eating Disorder
    • 7. http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/body_image/body_image_problem.html Body Dysmorphic Disorder
    • 8. How guys see it Men can suffer from bad body image too
    • 9. Text http://www.scienceleadership.org/drupaled/keywords/eating-disorders Male Eating disorders Eating disorders are not gender biased they can affect anyone
    • 10. “The look” Marilyn Monroe Measurements: 35-22-35 5‘5.5” 125 lbs • http://www.marilynmonroe.com/about/facts.html
    • 11. “The look” Twiggy Measurements: 31-22-32 5’6” 91 lbs
    • 12. Photo Manipulation
    • 13. Photo Manipulation
    • 14. Photo Manipulation
    • 15. Photo Manipulation
    • 16. Photo Manipulation
    • 17. Photo Manipulation-Final Transformation http://www.dove.us/#/features/videos/default.aspx[cp-documentid=7049579]
    • 18. http://stylefrizz.com/200903/the-complex-photoshopping-of-kim-kardashian-for-the-april-may-issue/kim-kardashian-photoshop-complex-magazine/ What’s the big deal? Why is there so much photo retouching done to models and celebrities?
    • 19. Billion Dollar Industry Non FDA approved products can be DEADLY!...so why do we keep
    • 20. Miracle pills If it sounds too good to be true it probably is.
    • 21. Fad diets How to spot them and why they don’t work
    • 22. The Barbie Complex A perfect image on shattered glass.
    • 23. Can we change “the look”? Plus size models Accepting curves and natural bodies http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2009/sep/27/fashion-health-and-wellbeing
    • 24. How to HELP a friend The Renfrew center • http://www.renfrewcenter.com/for-family- friends/index.asp
    • 25. DOVE The Campaign for Real Beauty http://www.dove.us/#/cfrb/selfesteem/
    • 26. What is beauty? Michelle Bowes- Senior
    • 27. What is beauty to you? Chloe Steerman- Senior
    • 28. Define Beauty Liz DiValerio- Senior
    • 29. What is real beauty? Brittany Stanish- Senior
    • 30. What is beauty? Colleen Bowes- Freshman
    • 31. What is beauty to you? Kellie Sfrakis- Junior
    • 32. What makes you beautiful? Addy Dunn-Rivera- 6 years old
    • 33. The 17 magazine Body Peace Treaty A contract with yourself to promise not love yourself and not try to be something your not http://www.seventeen.com/health-sex-fitness/special/body-peace-nplp-0508

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