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EU a brief history

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  • 1. European Union: a brief history
  • 2. World War II, 1939-1945 Europe in flames
  • 3. Over 60,000,000 dead
  • 4. Millions of refugees
  • 5. Austria Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic
  • 6. Denmark FranceGermany Greece
  • 7. Italy Hungary LithuaniaLatvia
  • 8. Luxembourg Malta Norwaythe Netherlands
  • 9. Poland Romania Slovakia Russia
  • 10. Slovenia Spain Sweden The UK
  • 11. The Yalta Conference, 1945W. Churchill (UK), F.D. Roosevelt (USA), J. Stalin (USSR) discussion on Europe’s post-war organization
  • 12. European Recovery Programme (The Marshall Plan), 1948American programme to aid Europe rebuild European economies after the end of the war
  • 13. Map of Europe after World War II
  • 14. Some of EU’s founding personalities
  • 15. Jean Monnet (1888 - 1979), Winston Churchill (1874-1965)French political economist and diplomat British politician Robert Schuman (1886-1963) Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967), French Foreign Minister German politician
  • 16. The Schuman Declaration, 9 May 1950 (Europe Day)a proposal to create a new form of organization of states in Europe, a supranational community. aim: to put the coal and steel industries of France, West Germany and other countries under a common High Authority.
  • 17. Belgium, France, West Germany Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands Treaty of Paris, 1951established the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) aim: peace in Europe, economic cooperation and prosperity
  • 18. Treaties of Rome, 1957established 1. the European Economic Community (EEC)2. the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) Capitoline Museum, where they signed the Treaties of Rome
  • 19. 1973 Denmark Irelandthe United Kingdom
  • 20. 1979, first direct elections to the European Parliament. Elections are held every 5 years.
  • 21. 1981 Greece .1985, the European flag was adopted by all EUleaders as the official emblem of the EU(European Economic Community at that time).The stars symbolize the ideals of unity, solidarityand harmony among the peoples of Europe.The number of stars has nothing to do with thenumber of member countries, though the circle isa symbol of unity.
  • 22. 1986 SpainPortugal 1989, Fall of the Berlin Wall, reunification of Germany
  • 23. Treaty of Maastricht, 1992 Treaty on the European Union
  • 24. 1993, creation of the single marketFree movement of goods, money, people and services
  • 25. 1995AustriaFinlandSweden
  • 26. Treaty of Amsterdam, 1997Treaty of Nice, 2001
  • 27. 2002, euro coins and banknotes enter circulation All euro coins have a common side and a national side Notes: no national side
  • 28. EU countries using the euroEU countries not using the euro
  • 29. 2004 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia 2007 Bulgaria Romania
  • 30. Treaty of Lisbon, 2007Taking the EU into the 21st century. Stronger rolefor the European Parliament.
  • 31. 2009, The EU charter of fundamental rights becomes legally binding for all the EUs activities Dignity Freedoms Equality SolidarityCitizens rights Justice
  • 32. 2009-2013 Economic Crisis A new vision for Europe? The greatest threat to European unity for the last 60 years.Crisis of confidence