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End Of The Cold War[1]
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End Of The Cold War[1]

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  • 1. End of the Cold War
    • Iranian Revolution and Islamic fervor- Invasion of Afghanistan
      • U.S. supports Afghanistan
    • Economic success in western Europe
      • Communism takes a defensive role
    • 1978- China participates in the world economy
      • Gain international investment and rapid growth
  • 2.
    • Jimmy Carter points out deficiencies
    • Ronald Reagan “the evil empire” and massive military spending
      • Reagan Doctrine: anticommunism
  • 3.
    • Intense reform, political movements in eastern Europe dismantled the Soviet Union
    • Forced industrialization- environmental problems, diseases
    • Production stagnated
    • Growing inadequacy for health care and housing
  • 4. Reform
    • More participation in world market
    • Opening of McDonald’s symbolized economic change
    • Commercial
    • Japan
    • Russia
  • 5. Gorbachev’s Reforms
      • Western style
      • Relatively open press conferences
      • Reduction in arms production
      • Ended the war in Afghanistan
      • Glasnost (openness) new freedom to criticize and comment
      • Reduced bureaucratic inefficiency
      • More decentralized decision making
    • Limits on political freedom
    • Reduced isolation while criticizing Western politics and social structure
  • 6. Perestroika
    • Economic restructuring
    • More leeway for private ownership and decentralized control in industry and agriculture
    • Encouraged foreign investment
    • Self help
  • 7.  
  • 8. Gorbachev’s Politics
    • 1988 new constitution
      • Abolished communist monopoly on elections
      • Opposition groups develop in response
        • Radicals vs conservatives
    • Reform and economic stagnation caused tension
  • 9. Women “return to their purely womanly missions”
  • 10. Tearing it Down
    • Bulgaria (1987) economic liberalization
    • Hungary installed noncommie president, and free market
    • Poland- non commie, and dismantled state run economy
    • East Germany 1989
    • Wall down in 1990
  • 11. Effects of the Dismantling
    • Sluggish production, pollution, and economic problems leads to political and social discontent
    • Free market in Poland= unemployment and price increases
    • Gorbachev “any nation has the right to decide its fate by itself.”
  • 12. Back to Russia
    • 1991 Yeltsin proclaims the end of Soviet Union and the beginning of a republic
    • But what would happen with the economy now that the state is not involved?
      • Hesitancy to convert to a complete market system
    • Yeltsin loses power as the economy goes down
    • Many Russians wanted a return to state operated economy
  • 13. Rise of Democracy
    • 1970s- trend of democracy in regions where it was once shunned
    • Fall of communism reflected and encouraged the trend of democracy
    • 1980s Taiwan, South Korea, and Philippines embraced the democratic idea
    • By 1990s nearly all of Latin America was democratic
    • Dismantling Apartheid helped bring democracy in Africa
    • American invasion in Iraq brought some ideas of democracy to the Middle East
      • Kuwait granted women the vote
  • 14. Limits of Democracy
    • China made movements toward democracy in the late 80s – Tianamen Square
    • Democracy seemed linked to the economy
    • Democratic systems struggled against poverty and social unrest
    • Despite all of this, never had there been such an international agreement on political standards
  • 15. Problems Emerge
    • The Soviet totalitarian government kept the lid on social, ethnic, and religious conflict, once it fell…
      • Czechs vs Slovaks
      • Serbs and Croats
    • Acts of Genocide
    • Ethnic “cleansing”
  • 16. 1994 & 1999 Chechnya
      • Chechnya
  • 17. 1976: Cambodia
  • 18. 1976: Cambodia
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. 1994: Rwanda
  • 23. Now: Darfur Clip
  • 24. Old School Problems
    • Israeli-Palestinian conflict
    • Iraq, Iran, and Kuwait
    • India and Pakistan
  • 25. Ethnic Issues
    • Ethnic issues had always existed
      • Some groups increased their investment in ethnic identity
      • Global interaction allowed from hostilities to generate among groups
    • Migration of workers in to Europe
      • Fear of foreigners
      • Competition for jobs