Cold War
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Cold War

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Cold War Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. US During the Cold War
    • Marshall Plan
      • Grants US substantial leverage in the west
    • NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • Warsaw Pact (eastern version of NATO)
    • US involvement in Canada, Australia, and NZ
      • First it was invited, but eventually they wanted to remove the American influence
  • 3. The “US Century?”
    • Defenders of capitalism and democracy
    • US becomes the new world police, replacing Great Britain
    • Truman promised: “free peoples who are resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressure.”
    • CIA formed to monitor the world
    • Eisenhower’s policy of containment
    • US emerges as the only super power at the end of the cold war
  • 4. Women’s Revolution: WEST
    • More schooling,
    • New working patterns for women- WWII as the catalyst- women wanted jobs for consumer items
    • Vote
    • Access to divorce
    • Desire for higher standard of living limited children
  • 5. New Feminism
    • Feminist Mystique and The Second Sex
      • Pressed for more literal equality
      • Redefinitions of what it means to be male and female
  • 6. Western Culture
    • US “Coca-colanization” of Europe
    • Critics of western culture because of its superficiality and distracting people from social problems
    • But no reactions like the Nazis had
    • Western culture helped set the standard for global cultural standards
  • 7.  
  • 8. Cold War: Soviet Union
    • Foreign Policy under Stalin
      • Regain tsarist boundaries
      • Expansion
      • Active role in European diplomacy
      • Heavy industry and weapons development
      • Links to communist movements
  • 9. Cold War: Soviet Union
    • The Soviet Empire
      • Collectivization and industrialization of its new satellites
      • Soviet and eastern European trading zone was separate from the trends of international commerce
      • Tensions in Germany caused many to flee to the West- Berlin Wall 1961
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. Soviet Domestic Policy
    • US blasted as an evil power and fear of another war caused many citizens to agitate for a strong government
    • The attitude allowed Stalin to continue to shield the people from contact with foreigners
  • 16. Soviet Culture
    • Declared war on the Orthodox Church and other religions beginning in 1917
    • Education used to train, recruit, but indoctrinate
    • May Day parades- devotion to the state
    • Marxist view of history- class struggle
    • Attacked western style of art and literature
  • 17. Soviet Culture
    • Literature was diverse, despite Writer Union controls
    • Gulag Archipelago: author banned from Soviet Union moved to the west but unhappy there
    • Emphasis on science and social science
    • Culture was not traditional nor western
  • 18. Soviet Economy and Society
    • Soviet Modernization had unique features
      • State control of all sectors
      • Imbalance between heavy industry goods and consumer goods
        • Complaints about poor consumer goods and long lines
        • Capital went towards heavy industry and armaments and not farming industry
    • Not domestic idealization of women
  • 19. Industry: East-West Patterns
    • Speed up the pace of work
    • Incentive systems
    • Similar leisure activities
    • Urban society divided among class lines
    • Mass movement to the city
    • Enhanced nuclear unit
    • Patterns of childbearing- promote child’s education
  • 20. De-Stalinization
    • Despite Stalin’s death the Soviet Union remained in-tact
    • Krushchev
      • Attacked concentration of power and arbitrary dictatorship
      • More tolerant political climate
      • Decentralization of decision making
      • Party control and economy remained centralized
  • 21. Krushchev’s Russia
    • No desire for war- peaceful coexistence
    • Cautious diplomacy
    • Sputnik
    • Little incentive to work
    • Youth rebellion- access to western culture
  • 22. Communist Collapse
    • Many rejoiced but many were disoriented
    • What would replace the system that dominated for so many years?
  • 23. Conclusions
    • Tensions between US and USSR gave other countries the opportunity to play the countries against each other for their own gain
    • Western and Soviet influences were not always contradictory