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Digital Natives & Digital Immigrants: Exploring the Intergenerational Digital Divide
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Digital Natives & Digital Immigrants: Exploring the Intergenerational Digital Divide


Inservice presentation for HIgh School Teachers in Duluth MN

Inservice presentation for HIgh School Teachers in Duluth MN

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  • 1. Digital Natives & Digital Immigrants: Exploring the Intergenerational Digital Divide Helen Mongan-Rallis, Associate Professor of Education, UMD. Central High School In-service March 20, 2009 Images source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8 http://www.local-level.org.uk/
  • 2. The Challenge of Change… Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LRBIVRwvUeE
  • 3. Quiz!!
    • How many of you remember these?
    • How many of you know how to use them?
    • How many of you own one of these?
  • 4. Purpose of Session
    • Examine differences across generations with respect to technology:
      • different attitudes towards and uses of technology
      • working together in today's technologically diverse society
    • Identify technologies that can be used to enhance student learning
    • Discuss which options you can realistically use, given constraints & supports within your context here at Central High School
  • 5. What Students Have to Say..
  • 6. Who Are Today’s Students? Images source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8
  • 7. Us and Them… Images source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8
  • 8. What students want… Images source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8
  • 9. My Teachers Never Used… Images source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8
  • 10. What do you think?
    • What are your reactions to this ?
      • Is this an accurate depiction of students today?
      • What other generational differences have you noticed in your work with students?
    Images source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8
  • 11. Digital Natives & Immigrants
    • Analogy of native speakers and immigrants
    • Illustrates the generation gap between today’s students (millennials) and their teachers
    • (Prensky, 2001)
    Image source: http://mindblob.typepad.com/mindblob/2006/07/index.html
  • 12. Digital Natives & Immigrants
    • “ ..their online life is a whole lot bigger than just the Internet. This online life has become an entire strategy for how to live, survive and thrive in the 21 st century , where cyberspace is a part of everyday life.” (Prensky, 2004: 2)
    • Both immigrants and natives may use the same technology, but the two groups do these activities differently  this leads to dissonance and a disconnect between the two groups .
    • Natives are creating their own way of doing things, often without the awareness of immigrants .
    [Prensky, 2004]
  • 13. The Natives - aka Millennials
    • Birth years 1981-2000
    • Current age: 9 to 28
    [Image source: http://www.mirandanet.ac.uk/elearning/images/elearning2.jpg]
  • 14. Areas of Change
    • Communication (email, instant messaging, chat, cell phone, social networking, discussion boards & groups, blogs, VOIP)
    • Sharing (blogs, webcams, camera phones, photo sharing sites)
    • Buying & selling (eBay, buying exams & term papers online, finding a job, a university, an online course, a mate)
  • 15. Areas of Change (continued)
    • Exchanging (music, movies, humor)
    • Creating (gaming with avatars, modding)
    • Meeting (3D chat rooms, dating, wikis, live meetings e.g. www.meetup .com)
    • Collecting (mp3, video)
    • Coordinating (projects, workgroups, MMORPGs = Massive Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games)
    • Evaluation (online - of teachers, companies, users)
  • 16. Areas of Change (continued)
    • Gaming (computer, video, online gaming with vast numbers of participants
    • Learning (online research to learn about topics of interest to them)
    • Searching (information, products, people, connections, phone numbers, maps, images)
    • Analyzing (volunteering to be part of massive projects analyzing data e.g. SETI – Search For Extraterrestrial Intelligence)
  • 17. Areas of Change (continued)
    • Reporting (blogs, photo sharing, video, moblogging (mobile-blogging)
    • Programming (for computers e.g. Flash.) Share freely.
    • Socializing (online social behavior with group norms)
    • Evolving (creating new behaviors to facilitate their lives)
    • Growing up (exploring, transgressing, testing limits)
  • 18. Expectations of Millennials
    • Secure, regulated environment
    • Customer service - demand resolution of concerns
    • Development of services/amenities around their needs
    • Structure & regular feedback (will mistake silence for disapproval)
    • Information to be provided in timely, efficient way (24/7)
    • A’s (but are willing to work hard for these)
    • High but also fair standards
    • Communication to be a 2-way process (will expect to receive & to be able to give feedback & suggestions)
  • 19. Expectations (continued)
    • Consideration their outside work & extra-curricular activities
    • To be able to work in teams, following group ethic, not be singled out
    • To be allowed to multi-task & to learn & perform multiple tasks at the same time
    • To be taught & to learn using technology (& technology is not PowerPoint)
    • Scaffolding of experiences to develop self-responsibility
    • Service, action orientation to learning
  • 20. Learning Preferences
    • Teamwork
    • Technology
    • Structure
    • Entertainment & excitement
    • Experiential activities
    • Flexibility in the learning environment
    • A learning environment focused on goals
    • Challenging assignments
    • Learning new knowledge and skills
    • Respect for ideas and input
    [Image source: http://it.imagine.com/communications- immagini-photos/photodisc-pdil025
  • 21. Seek First to Understand, and Then To Be Understood
    • “… as teachers we must understand students.
    • Understand upcoming generations and honor their history while honoring what we believe as educators.
    • It might not be easy, but it's certainly worth the effort.”
    • (Kathleen Phalen (2002). Teaching in a Millennial World.)
  • 22. More on seeking to understand
    • Understanding learners in depth is essential to creating learning environments that optimize learners' strengths and minimize their weaknesses . (Oblinger & Oblinger 2005)
  • 23. What’s The Matter With Today’s Kids?
    • Avoid falling into the trap of deciding that the ways in which today’s students are different from those who came before them make them somehow less intelligent or less sincere as students than in the Good Old Days…
    • It works better if we try to understand who today’s students are and why they are what they are, instead of wishing they were different.
    • Therefore, the answer to “What’s the matter with kids today?” is “Nothing. They are who they are.”
    (Nancy Truesdell, Dean of students, Lawrence University)
  • 24. Where do we stand on this?
    • Joel Barker’s challenge:
    • Those who don’t believe it can be done should get out of the way of those who are already doing it…
  • 25. From Honolulu: Mark Hines, Tech Coordinator
    • … been using Moodle for over three years now, in a variety of ways.
    • one fully online class of Spanish; integrate with Wimba voice tools to for audio assessments,
    • about a third of our high school staff use Moodle as a supportive tool for their face-to-face classes,
    • a handful of blended classes that use Moodle as the virtual meeting place on the days where classes do not meet face-to-face. 
    • some middle school teachers using it and social networking tools like Ning  to build online spaces for middle school students -- conversations, delivering podcasts, etc.
  • 26. Honolulu (continued)…
    • elementary teachers use it primarily as a vehicle to build an online community where they have elaborate conversations on student learning and invite experts to join their thinking and analysis of learning situations in the classroom.
    • I'm in the midst of setting up another class, to put our health requirements for staff so that they can accomplish required health related information sessions at their own pace and time, but still be accountable for the completion of these
  • 27. What Are Next Steps For You?
    • What would you like to be able to do to better meet the needs of your students, based on what you have learned here?
    • What are current obstacles to your being able to do these?
    • Which of these can realistically be overcome (a) in the short term (b) longer term?
    • What can and will you do right away as a result of what you have learned today?
  • 28. Key Points About Learning
    • Millennials need to learn:
    • With technology
    • With each other
    • Online
    • In their time
    • In their place
    • Doing things that matter
    [From: Slippery Rock Freshman Survey and Millennial Students ] [Image source: http://www.mirandanet.ac.uk/elearning/images/elearning2.jpg]
  • 29. Video Resources
    • Middle Ages Tech Support : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LRBIVRwvUeE
    • 60 Minutes : The Millennials Are Coming! http://www.cbsnews.com/sections/i_video/main500251.shtml?id=3486473n?source=search_video
    • Information Revolution : http://youtube.com/watch?v=-4CV05HyAbM
    • A Vision of Students Today (K-12): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8
    • A Vision of Students Today (College Level): http://youtube.com/watch?v=dGCJ46vyR9o&feature=related
    • Education Today and Tomorrow : http://youtube.com/watch?v=Fnh9q_cQcUE&feature=related
  • 30. References
    • Oblinger, D. & Oblinger, J. (2005). Educating the net generation. Educause. Retrieved April 2007 from http://www.educause.edu/educatingthenetgen/
    • Howe, N. & Strauss, W. (2003). Millennials Go to College: Strategies for a New Generation on Campus. Washington, DC: AACRAO and LifeCourse Associates.
    • Phalen, K. (2002). Teaching in a Millennial World. virginia.edu, Volume VI, Number 2, Fall 2002. Retrieved November 2, 2007 from http://www.itc.virginia.edu/virginia.edu/fall02/teach/home.html
    • Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon . NCB University Press, 9 (5), October 2001. Retrieved April, 2007 from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/default.asp
    • Prensky, M. (2004). The emerging online life of the digital native: What they do differently because of technology, and how they do it . Retrieved April, 2007 from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/default.asp
    • Slippery Rock (n.d.) Freshman Survey and Millennial Students. Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved April, 2007 from http://www.sru.edu/pages/8927.asp
    • Truesdell, N. (2007). Why can't they be like we were — perfect in every way? Lawrence Today magazine, Spring 2007. Retrieved November 2, 2007 from http://www.lawrence.edu/news/pubs/lt/spring07/millennials.shtml
  • 31. To download a copy of this presentation:
    • Go to http://www.d.umn.edu/~hrallis/
      • Then click on the link, under “recent professional presentations” for this presentation: Digital Natives & Digital Immigrants: Exploring the Intergenerational Digital Divide