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Apex basics-for Beginners
 

Apex basics-for Beginners

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    Apex basics-for Beginners Apex basics-for Beginners Presentation Transcript

    • • APEX Defined • Major Components • Getting Started (Terminology and Details) • Building applications with APEX • APEX Security • How to access EBS tables in APEX • APEX Application Items. • Few Sample Applications from my Project • Informative Sites/Links.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • What is APEX? • Formerly called HTML-DB, a web-based RAD tool which resides in Oracle database. • Using browser based user interface and limited programming experience, you can build a complete data-centric web application in a very fast development cycle • Leverages full Oracle d/b capabilities and existing SQL & PL/SQL skills. • Fully supported, “no-cost” option with Oracle Database. Easy to Develop…Easy to Deploy…Easy to Manage© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Major Components • Administration • SQL Workshop • Application Builder© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Major Components • SQL Workshop • Application Builder • Interact with your • Centerpiece of APEX database as with • Loaded with wizards SQL*Plus, but visual • Reports, forms and charts • Data dictionary and • Connect pages using object browsing, query branches by example • 75 pre-defined widgets • Administration • Basic HTML, pop-up lists, • Manage users calendars, etc. • Manage services • Full data entry validation • Monitor activity© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Getting Started • Apply for a free account at apex.oracle.com • Obtain a workspace: A workspace is a logical work area which is associated with one or more Oracle database schemas. • Create Application: It is a collection of pages and branches connecting them. • Pages: Each page definition represents an HTML page that will be displayed to the application’s users. • Region: Content is displayed in regions, which are logical subsections of a page. • Item: An item can be a text field, text area, password, select list, check box, and so on© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Getting Started (Details) • Applications A workspace can contain one or more Applications. An application is comprised of a set of pages and a number of shared components which may be used by one or more of the pages. These Applications are basically we call – APEX Forms. • Pages The definition of a page comprises three main areas: • Page Rendering • Page Processing • Shared Components© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Pages A page is the basic building block of an application. When you build an application in Application Builder, you create pages that contain user interface elements, such as tabs, lists, buttons, items, and regions.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Regions Content is displayed in regions, which are logical subsections of a page. Each page can have any number of regions of several different types. These types include: HTML text, SQL Queries, PL/SQL-generated HTML, and charts. Each region is rendered using a region template. Regions are positioned on the page using display points defined in the page template. The region defines the location and appearance of items and buttons on the page. You can add a new region to an existing page.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Items and Validations/Computations/Processes • Items are basic building blocks of a page. They are variety of item types to choose from such as check box, text box, radio button, display item, hidden item, etc. • You can modify existing items, or create new items from the Page Rendering section of the Page Definition screen. • Computations and Processes can have PL/SQL block for assigning values to items in the page. You can also specify at what point the logic should be executed like On Page Load, Before header. These are like triggers in Forms 6i. • Page validations allow the contents of a page to be checked against a set of business rules before the page is submitted. • Validation can be defined at page level, or can be associated with a particular item.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Gist of Discussion so far© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Sample Applications • Get started with the sample application provided with APEX. • Create your own (basic) application.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Websheet Applications • Websheet applications are interactive Web pages that combine text with data. • Websheets can contain multiple pages. Many Websheets include dynamically generated navigation sections. Each navigation section includes a hierarchical tree that enables you to navigate between pages or page sections. • You create a Websheet application by running the Create Application wizard. After you create a Websheet page, you add content either as text or data.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • How to access EBS Tables in APEX  Please note free APEX hosting site (apex.oracle.com) can not be used to connect to your servers.  Is APEX installed on the same database server as Oracle EBS?  Grant Privileges on the Table to APEX Schema  Is APEX installed on different database server say Reporting/Business Intelligence (BI) database which is clone of Oracle EBS database?  Create a database link in APEX database to EBS database. Once database link is created, you can refer to a table or view on the other database by appending @dblink to the table or view name. CREATE PUBLIC DATABASE LINK <dblink Name> CONNECT TO < APEX Schema> IDENTIFIED BY <PWD> USING <EBS database server>;  Once database link is created, you can refer to a table or view on the other database by appending @dblink to the table or view name.  Grant Privileges on the Table to APEX Schema© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • APEX Application Security  Oracle Application Express (APEX) has many built in security features like Authentication, Authorization i.e. access level of the user, session state protection etc.  APEX Authentication Schemes are created/managed in Shared Components > Authenication Schemes  APEX comes with Preconfigured authentication schemes. Either you can use them OR you can create custom authentication scheme from scratch.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Application Items  Page Items: Page items are placed on a page and have associated user interface properties, such as Display As, Label and Label Template.  Application Items: Application items are not associated with a page and therefore have no user interface properties. You can use an application item as a global variable.  Navigation: Application Id  Shared Components  Application Items© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Deploying APEX Application from one instance to another  Exporting an APEX Application  Importing an APEX Application Deploying of an APEX application could be done either through front end (APEX) or through SQL command line.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • Advanced Feature of APEX (Collections)  Collections enable you to temporarily capture one or more nonscalar values. You can use collections to store rows and columns currently in session state so they can be accessed, manipulated, or processed during a users specific session. You can think of a collection as a bucket in which you temporarily store and name rows of information.  Every collection contains a named list of data elements (or members) which can have up to 50 character attributes (VARCHAR2(4000)), five number attributes, five date attributes, one XML Type attribute, one large binary attribute (BLOB), and one large character attribute (CLOB). You insert, update, and delete collection information using the PL/SQL API APEX_COLLECTION.  When you create a collection, you must give it a name that cannot exceed 255 characters. Note that collection names are not case-sensitive and will be converted to uppercase.  Once the collection is named, you can access the values in the collection by running a SQL query against the view APEX_COLLECTIONS.© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • APEX Collections Contd…  Creating a Collection: The following methods could be used to create a collection  CREATE_COLLECTION: This method creates an empty collection with the provided name. An exception is raised if the named collection exists.  CREATE_OR_TRUNCATE_COLLECTION: If the provided named collection does not exist, this method creates an empty collection with the given name. If the named collection exists, this method truncates it. Truncating a collection empties it, but leaves it in place.  CREATE_COLLECTION_FROM_QUERY: This method creates a collection and then populates it with the results of a specified query. An exception is raised if the named collection exists. This method can be used with a query with up to 50 columns in the SELECT clause. These columns in the SELECT clause will populate the 50 character attributes of the collection (C001 through C050).  Accessing a Collection : You can access the members of a collection by querying the database view APEX_COLLECTIONS. The APEX_COLLECTIONS view has the following definition:© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential
    • APEX Collections Contd… COLLECTION_NAME NOT NULL VARCHAR2(255) SEQ_ID NOT NULL NUMBER C001 VARCHAR2(4000) C002 VARCHAR2(4000) C003 VARCHAR2(4000) C004 VARCHAR2(4000) C005 VARCHAR2(4000) ................... C050 VARCHAR2(4000) N001 NUMBER N002 NUMBER N003 NUMBER N004 NUMBER N005 NUMBER CLOB001 CLOB BLOB001 BLOB XMLTYPE001 XMLTYPE MD5_ORIGINAL VARCHAR2(4000) ; SELECT c001, c002, c003, n001, clob001 FROM APEX_collections WHERE collection_name = <Collection Name>© 2012 FCS a TEKsystems Global Services® Division – Confidential