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Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers
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Using HP Asset Manager to manage complex software licensing for virtualized servers

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Software Licensing is a complex issue, particularly for server-class software, and virtualization has added new layers of complexity to it. The increasing use of virtualized environments has forced …

Software Licensing is a complex issue, particularly for server-class software, and virtualization has added new layers of complexity to it. The increasing use of virtualized environments has forced software vendors to adopt increasingly complex licensing models in order to stay competitive. These licensing models are largely beneficial to the end customer when fully understood and managed, but can be quite intricate. Most of them also require a sophisticated management of the underlying virtual environments, since a single node must often be looked at within the larger context of the entire host or cluster it is on and cannot be analyzed in isolation. In this sesssion, we will look at the licensing issues unique to virtual environments in general and then look at the specific example of how we modeled the IBM Sub-capacity License Counting within HP Asset Manager.

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  • 1. Software Licensing in Virtual Environments Russ Parker, Minerva Enterprises – Founding Partner Adrian Ortiz, Minerva Enterprises – Principal Consultant ©2010 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice
  • 2. Software Licensing in Virtual Environments Implications and Considerations for Software Asset Management from increased License Complexity
  • 3. Minerva Enterprises Consulting firm focused on IT Asset, Service and Financial Management
  • 4. The Next 45 Minutes • Introduction – 5 minutes • General Context – 10 minutes • Complex Licensing – 15 minutes • IBM SubCapacity Examples– 10 minutes • Doing this in Asset Manager – 5 minutes 4 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 5. Russell Parker • More than 15 years of Asset Management experience • Five years at Peregrine Systems (1999-2003) • Four years as an Independent Consultant (2003-2006) • Formed Minerva Enterprises with Cary King in 2006 • The 2010 “SAM Consultant of the Year” from IBSMA • Bachelors in Computer Science from UC San Diego • Works with clients across diverse sectors – Banking, Automotive, Health Care, Staffing, Managed Service Providers, Financial Services, Manufacturing, Insurance, etc… • Lives in Sacramento, CA with his wife and two children. 5 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 6. Adrián Ortiz • Almost 15 years of IT experience in the public sector • Five years of working with HP/Peregrine Products • Discovery Practice Lead for Minerva Enterprises • Acknowledged expert with DDM-I and was responsible for a Global Implementation across six continents. • BS in Information and Decision Systems from SDSU. • CHAMP, CSAM, CDIA+, and ITIL Foundation Certified • Lives in San Diego, CA with his wife. 6 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 7. Why not Share? Dedicated LPARs Shared Dedicated DB2 License for 12 DB2 License for 16 Cores = $480k Cores = $640k 7 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 8. Software Swamps Hardware 16 Cores DB2 20 Cores DB2 HW: $200K HW: $300K DB2: $480K DB2: $800K 8 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 9. What You Run Where Matters 24 DB2 24 DB2 48 DB2 No DB2 24 WAS 24 WAS No WAS 48 WAS DB2 = $1,920,000 DB2 = $960,000 WAS = $960,000 WAS = $480,000 9 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 10. Virtualization • Back to the Future • New problems? • Layers of complexity • It’s always been there 10 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 11. Not Just Computers • What can be virtualized? • Servers in the spotlight • Virtualization and Software • Desktop Virtualization is coming 11 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 12. Server Virtualization • It is here now and has been for a while • Server Consolidation - not just hardware • Increasingly complex licensing – Substantial and Opportunities • Virtual Sprawl – Easy as… 12 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 13. Server Consolidation • Driven by resource or cost savings • License issues are often ignored • Availability and Capacity problems 13 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 14. Virtual Sprawl • Creating VMs is almost too easy • Worse than “squirreling away” Servers • Just a few clicks… • License effects? 14 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 15. The Physical Logical Split Logical “What you can touch” Node Generates Capacity Uses Power “What you can use” Creates Heat Provides Capability Takes up space No physical negatives Requires Maintenance Consumes Capacity Becomes Obsolete Can be damaged, etc… Complex to Manage 15 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 16. Virtualization Types Standalone Host Cluster/Farm 16 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 17. Software Licensing • Software on the Logical Component • Many software license models • Licensing Metrics – Usage (Named or Concurrent Users, etc…) – Capacity (Potentially accessible resources) – Utilization (Actual consumption of resources) 17 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 18. Complex Licensing • New Technologies keep coming • Software Vendors need to stay competitive • Beneficial when understood and managed • Can lead to unknown exposure when not • Often require looking at a larger context 18 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 19. Microsoft SQL Server 19 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 20. IBM Sub-capacity Licensing • One of the most complex License Models • Opportunities to control costs and optimize • Requires analysis of the entire Frame • This is just a Quick high level overview 20 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 21. In IBM’s Words… Full capacity licensing • Customers acquire licenses for all physical processor cores Sub-capacity (Virtualization Capacity) licensing • Customers acquire licenses for the lower of Virtualization Capacity or Full Capacity of the server, or group of servers • Virtualization Capacity is the sum of the virtual core capacity available to a product • Sub-capacity license counting rules differ by Virtualization Technology, see specific rules for your Virtualization Technology environment * See slide at the end for IBM specific resources and links 21 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 22. What Is Sub-capacity? • Supports IBM’s Virtualization technology • Processor Value Unit (“PVU”) Based • Licenses for the portion of a Server used • Ties Licensing to allocated capacity 22 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 23. Processor Value Units Different processor technologies have a different number of PVUs per Core PVU of an LPAR = Core Equivalents * PVU per Core 23 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 24. How “Big” Is an LPAR? • Core Equivalents • Virtual Processors • LPAR Mode 24 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 25. Simplifications • No Micro-partitioning • No Capped LPARS • Single basic Frame $333 X 120 = Per PVU • Only DB2 Enterprise Server Edition $40,000 • Software Cost: ~$40,000/core – This is a bit below the IBM List Price 25 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 26. $40K Per Core X 8= Dedicated Pool 0 Pool 1 Pool 2 Pool 3 Total License $ $∆ 2 0 2 2 2 8 $320K $320,000 DB2 Physical Shared Pool 0 (10 Cores) Dedicated 6 Virtual Pool 1 Virtual Pool 2 Virtual Pool 3 Cores Total 10 Cores Max 4 Cores Max 2 Cores Max 2 Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 8 Dual Core CPU’s = 16 Cores 26 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 27. Dedicated Pool 0 Pool 1 Pool 2 Pool 3 Total License $ $∆ 2 10 [10] [4] [2] 12 $480K $160K 2 0 2 2 2 8 $320K - DB2 Physical Shared Pool 0 (10 Cores) Dedicated 6 Virtual Pool 1 Virtual Pool 2 Virtual Pool 3 Cores Total 10 Cores Max 4 Cores Max 2 Cores Max 2 Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 8 Dual Core CPU’s = 16 Cores 27 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 28. Dedicated Pool 0 Pool 1 Pool 2 Pool 3 Total License $ $∆ 2 16 [10] (4) [2] 16 $640K $160K 2 10 [10] [4] [2] 12 $480K $160K 2 0 2 2 2 8 $320K - DB2 Physical Shared Pool 0 (16 Cores) Now Shared Virtual Pool 1 Virtual Pool 2 Virtual Pool 3 Dedicated 10 Cores Max 4 Cores Max 2 Cores Max 2 Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 8 Dual Core CPU’s = 16 Cores 28 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 29. Dedicated Pool 0 Pool 1 Pool 2 Pool 3 Total License $ $∆ 2 18 [10] [6] [4] 20 $800K $320K 2 10 [10] [4] [2] 12 $480K $160K 2 16 [10] [4] [2] [16] $640K $160K DB2 Physical SharedCores Cores) Adding Pool 0 (18 8 POWER6 Virtual Pool 2 $100K Pool 3 Virtual Pool 1 Cores = Virtual Dedicated 6 Cores Total DB2 License 6 Cores Max $320K Max 10 Cores Max Impact = 4 Cores 320% more for SW than HW 2 Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2Core 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 2 Cores 12 Dual Core CPU’s = 24 Cores 29 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 30. A $1.44 Million Difference Frame A and B both 24 Core POWER6 570 DB2 @ $40,000/core WAS ND @ $20,000/core LPARs w/ 48 total Cores of DB2 and WAS ND Frame A: 24 Cores of DB2 and 24 Cores of WAS Frame B: 24 Cores of DB2 and 24 Cores of WAS DB2 = $1,920,000 WAS ND = $960,000 Frame A: 48 Cores of DB2 and 0 Cores of WAS Frame B: 0 Cores of DB2 and 48 Cores of WAS DB2 = $960,000 WAS ND = $480,000 30 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 31. • IBM Resources Licensing in a Virtualized Environment Counting licenses using virtualization Sub-capacity License Counting Rules Processor Value Unit [PVU] licensing Passport Advantage Sub-capacity Licensing • Microsoft Resources SQL Server 2008 R2 Editions Comparison SQL Server 2008 R2 Editions Datasheet 31 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 32. HP Asset Manager • Encode Vendor License Models • Maintain Component Set relationships • Quickly Perform License Calculations • Manage Financial and Contractual details • Tie it all back to Business Services • Data needed for Chargeback Models 32 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 33. Contact Info Come see us at Booth 308 Russell Parker Adrian Ortiz Founding Partner Principal Consultant Minerva Enterprises Minerva Enterprises Office: 858-663-9413 Office: 619-572-4774 Russ.Parker@MinervaE.com Adrian.Ortiz@MinervaE.com 33 Minerva Enterprises © 2010 www.MinervaE.com
  • 34. To learn more on this topic, and to connect with your peers after the conference, visit the HP Software Solutions Community: www.hp.com/go/swcommunity 35 ©2010 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
  • 35. Thumbnail Definitions 1/5 • Entitled Capacity (EC) – This is actual processor core capacity available to a partition and is the unit of measure for shared processing capacity. • Virtual Processor (VP) – This is number of physical processor cores which can be used simultaneously to provide processing capacity to a shared partition. 37 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 36. Thumbnail Definitions 2/5 • Dedicated Partition – Cores allocated to a Dedicated LPAR are available exclusively to it. • Shared Dedicated Partition – A dedicated partition which lends its unused capacity to the physical shared pool. The entire capacity is counted both directly and in the shared pool. 38 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 37. Thumbnail Definitions 3/5 • Micro-partitioning: Dividing a physical cores computing power into fractions of a unit and sharing them multiple logical partitions • Shared Processors Partition: Assigned resources from a shared processing pool – defined as either “Capped” or “Uncapped” – allocated an amount of “Entitled Capacity” – assigned a number of “Virtual Processors” 39 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 38. Thumbnail Definitions 4/5 • Physical Shared Pool (PSP) – A single shared pool of processor cores available to partitions defined within the shared pool • Multiple / Virtual Shared Pools (VSP) – Only available for POWER6 and later systems – Allows the physical shared pool to be split into multiple virtual pools of equal or smaller size – Partitions which are part of a shared pool are limited by the processor resources in that pool 40 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 39. Thumbnail Definitions 5/5 • A Capped Partition – Never automatically allocated more than its Entitled Capacity regardless of available processor capacity in the Shared Pool • An Uncapped Partition – Can exceed its Entitled Capacity and access up to its Virtual Processes from available capacity in Shared Pool 41 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 40. 42 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 41. 43 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 42. 44 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 43. 45 Minerva Enterprises © 2010
  • 44. 46 Minerva Enterprises © 2010

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