Building skyscrapers
with our scholarship
Heather	
  Piwowar	
  

@researchremix	
  
cofounder	
  @ImpactStory

Crossref	
...
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/09/euwf/ho_24.45.1.htm
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jsmjr/62443357/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/camilleharrington/3587294608/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/rkuhnau/3318245976/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/conformpdx/1796399674/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/rkuhnau/3317418699/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/zemlinki/261617721/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/tracenmatt/3020786491/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/the-o/2078239333/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/huzzahvintage/4577075021/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/europedistrict/5692787622/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/sunrise/35819369/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/supersam5/216868485/
</my standard intro>
the problem?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/supersam5/216868485/
50 feet

http://www.flickr.com/photos/supersam5/216868485/
1250 feet

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_State_Building
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_New_York_City
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/
File:Skyscrapers_of_Shinjuku_2009_January.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
List_of_tal...
http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7366/8720979546_d82c99f606.jpg
http://farm1.staticflickr.com/209/440926995_1293038079.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
File:Konrad_Kyeser,_Bellifortis,_Clm_30150,_Tafel_09,_Blatt_38v_(Ausschnitt).jpg
http://www.otisworldwide.com/d31-timeline.html
http://www.flickr.com/photos/powellburns/
8730495634/in/faves-93655936@N04/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/4nitsirk/7912924428/sizes/m/in/photostream/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/darwinbell/4619299365/in/faves-93655936@N04/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/lawrenceyeah/9300851692/in/faves-93655936@N04/
what’s our elevator?
what’s going to let us
build skyscrapers
with our scholarship?
APIs
geek-speak
for computers
talking to computers
Before the elevator,
people could only
get higher using their legs
http://www.flickr.com/photos/manc/2308950026/sizes/m/in/photostream/
after: machines
did some of the
heavy lifting
http://www.flickr.com/photos/sweetone/3744108681/sizes/m/in/photostream/
before APIs,
people could only
get higher using their eyes
http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2404/2302651444_00fc119685.jpg
now,
machines
can do some of the
heavy lifting
When all tall buildings have
elevators
We spend less effort to
climb up
And, the buildings can get
taller.
Where are we on this path?
I’m a scientist who wants
to take the elevator.
My research *needs*
to be built on top of the
research of others,
on a large scale.
A little challenging at the
moment for an elevator
enthusiast.
citations for 10,000 papers
citations for 10,000 papers
X
X
• institutional subscription
• personal subscription
• pleading email
• walk-in access
http://farm1.staticflickr.com/35/115946582_bc9b75dd5d.jpg
X
http://farm1.staticflickr.com/35/115946582_bc9b75dd5d.jpg
http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4005/5148519774_7969860a0b.jpg
10,000
So I did two things.
1. back room deal.
2. found an institution and
joined it
which required being
fingerprinted
which required a fieldtrip
to the police station
in the worst
neighbourhood in my city
for citations.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Toronto_-_ON_-_CN_Tower_bei_Nacht.jpg
How can we fix this?
How can we get to the
point where our scholarship
is connected with
elevators?
What kinds of elevators
should they be?
different uses,
different users
http://www.flickr.com/photos/sweetone/3744108681/sizes/m/in/photostream/
http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2457/3911930020_c0c0461050.jpg
http://farm1.staticflickr.com/5/10553343_2104a831e8.jpg
http://farm2.staticflickr.com/1136/604269348_0686f98233.jpg
http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3718/9474598724_edf4f012e3.jpg
different uses,
different users
evolve then adopt
standard fittings
REST
JSON
not monolithic systems,
standard fittings.
self-serve, 24/7
http://farm1.staticflickr.com/1/1065070_26464e1c1f.jpg
http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5538/10597930173_af619eac10.jpg
http://www.flickr.com/photos/larskflem/415400861/sizes/m/in/photostream/
http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2472/3710480555_5404175f43.jpg
http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8359/8359248318_1db2013b9c.jpg
http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8359/8359248318_1db2013b9c.jpg
phone call
emails
personal agreement
institutional agreement
big win!
in the open
strong reuse terms
no additional cost
not restricted to library-IT
I got lucky on twitter
Time consuming
Tied to institution
Negotiation doesn’t scale
Need subscriptions.
big win.
so... what have I done with it?
nothing.
!
project 1: analysis was already done
project 2: didn’t get the grant
project 3: moved to a separate
nonprofit organization
http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5103/5626969342_bc38729218.jpg
http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5266/5626393401_7b414bab10.jpg
http://www.flickr.com/photos/larskflem/415400861/sizes/m/in/photostream/
24/7 self-serve
reward lots of kinds of
winning
one kind of winner
misses important
kinds of winning
just impact factor?
just citations?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/pixscapes/4331070047!
to impact flavors

CC-BY-NC by maniacyak on flickr
http://www.flickr.com/photos/maniacyak/3432589472
Open metrics, with context, for diverse products.!

Board:
Cameron Neylon
John Wilbanks
impactstory.org
reward lots of kinds of
winning
finally,
don’t judge demand by
requests for an elevator
before 1900
http://www.otisworldwide.com/d31-timeline.html
it might take a while
for adoption
it will happen.
http://www.dvice.com/2013-6-19/carbon-fiber-elevatorcables-make-mile-high-skyscrapers-possible
1. different users and uses
2. standard fittings
3. self-serve, 24/7
4. lots of kinds of winning
5. this is the future
http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4016/4557469169_824b646eb1.jpg
thank you!
Jason Priem: cofounder of ImpactStory
Todd Vision, NESCent, Mike Whitlock,
the open science community,
and thos...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/quinnanya/2055471833
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship
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Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship

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Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship,
Heather Piwowar
Keynote for CrossRef annual meeting, November 2013

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
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Transcript of "Building Skyscrapers with our Scholarship"

  1. 1. Building skyscrapers with our scholarship Heather  Piwowar   @researchremix   cofounder  @ImpactStory Crossref  Annual  Meeting November  2013 #crossref13 some photos NC, SA
  2. 2. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/09/euwf/ho_24.45.1.htm
  3. 3. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jsmjr/62443357/
  4. 4. http://www.flickr.com/photos/camilleharrington/3587294608/
  5. 5. http://www.flickr.com/photos/rkuhnau/3318245976/
  6. 6. http://www.flickr.com/photos/conformpdx/1796399674/
  7. 7. http://www.flickr.com/photos/rkuhnau/3317418699/
  8. 8. http://www.flickr.com/photos/zemlinki/261617721/
  9. 9. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tracenmatt/3020786491/
  10. 10. http://www.flickr.com/photos/the-o/2078239333/
  11. 11. http://www.flickr.com/photos/huzzahvintage/4577075021/
  12. 12. http://www.flickr.com/photos/europedistrict/5692787622/
  13. 13. http://www.flickr.com/photos/sunrise/35819369/
  14. 14. http://www.flickr.com/photos/supersam5/216868485/
  15. 15. </my standard intro>
  16. 16. the problem?
  17. 17. http://www.flickr.com/photos/supersam5/216868485/
  18. 18. 50 feet http://www.flickr.com/photos/supersam5/216868485/
  19. 19. 1250 feet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_State_Building
  20. 20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_New_York_City
  21. 21. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ File:Skyscrapers_of_Shinjuku_2009_January.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ List_of_tallest_buildings_in_Houston http://farm1.staticflickr.com/ 229/472778842_291893d988.jpg
  22. 22. http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7366/8720979546_d82c99f606.jpg
  23. 23. http://farm1.staticflickr.com/209/440926995_1293038079.jpg
  24. 24. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ File:Konrad_Kyeser,_Bellifortis,_Clm_30150,_Tafel_09,_Blatt_38v_(Ausschnitt).jpg
  25. 25. http://www.otisworldwide.com/d31-timeline.html
  26. 26. http://www.flickr.com/photos/powellburns/ 8730495634/in/faves-93655936@N04/
  27. 27. http://www.flickr.com/photos/4nitsirk/7912924428/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  28. 28. http://www.flickr.com/photos/darwinbell/4619299365/in/faves-93655936@N04/
  29. 29. http://www.flickr.com/photos/lawrenceyeah/9300851692/in/faves-93655936@N04/
  30. 30. what’s our elevator?
  31. 31. what’s going to let us build skyscrapers with our scholarship?
  32. 32. APIs
  33. 33. geek-speak for computers talking to computers
  34. 34. Before the elevator, people could only get higher using their legs
  35. 35. http://www.flickr.com/photos/manc/2308950026/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  36. 36. after: machines did some of the heavy lifting
  37. 37. http://www.flickr.com/photos/sweetone/3744108681/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  38. 38. before APIs, people could only get higher using their eyes
  39. 39. http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2404/2302651444_00fc119685.jpg
  40. 40. now, machines can do some of the heavy lifting
  41. 41. When all tall buildings have elevators
  42. 42. We spend less effort to climb up
  43. 43. And, the buildings can get taller.
  44. 44. Where are we on this path?
  45. 45. I’m a scientist who wants to take the elevator.
  46. 46. My research *needs* to be built on top of the research of others, on a large scale.
  47. 47. A little challenging at the moment for an elevator enthusiast.
  48. 48. citations for 10,000 papers
  49. 49. citations for 10,000 papers
  50. 50. X
  51. 51. X
  52. 52. • institutional subscription • personal subscription • pleading email • walk-in access
  53. 53. http://farm1.staticflickr.com/35/115946582_bc9b75dd5d.jpg
  54. 54. X http://farm1.staticflickr.com/35/115946582_bc9b75dd5d.jpg
  55. 55. http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4005/5148519774_7969860a0b.jpg
  56. 56. 10,000
  57. 57. So I did two things.
  58. 58. 1. back room deal.
  59. 59. 2. found an institution and joined it
  60. 60. which required being fingerprinted
  61. 61. which required a fieldtrip to the police station in the worst neighbourhood in my city
  62. 62. for citations.
  63. 63. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Toronto_-_ON_-_CN_Tower_bei_Nacht.jpg
  64. 64. How can we fix this?
  65. 65. How can we get to the point where our scholarship is connected with elevators?
  66. 66. What kinds of elevators should they be?
  67. 67. different uses, different users
  68. 68. http://www.flickr.com/photos/sweetone/3744108681/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  69. 69. http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2457/3911930020_c0c0461050.jpg
  70. 70. http://farm1.staticflickr.com/5/10553343_2104a831e8.jpg
  71. 71. http://farm2.staticflickr.com/1136/604269348_0686f98233.jpg
  72. 72. http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3718/9474598724_edf4f012e3.jpg
  73. 73. different uses, different users
  74. 74. evolve then adopt standard fittings
  75. 75. REST JSON
  76. 76. not monolithic systems, standard fittings.
  77. 77. self-serve, 24/7
  78. 78. http://farm1.staticflickr.com/1/1065070_26464e1c1f.jpg
  79. 79. http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5538/10597930173_af619eac10.jpg
  80. 80. http://www.flickr.com/photos/larskflem/415400861/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  81. 81. http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2472/3710480555_5404175f43.jpg
  82. 82. http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8359/8359248318_1db2013b9c.jpg
  83. 83. http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8359/8359248318_1db2013b9c.jpg
  84. 84. phone call emails personal agreement institutional agreement
  85. 85. big win! in the open strong reuse terms no additional cost not restricted to library-IT
  86. 86. I got lucky on twitter Time consuming Tied to institution Negotiation doesn’t scale Need subscriptions.
  87. 87. big win.
  88. 88. so... what have I done with it?
  89. 89. nothing.
  90. 90. !
  91. 91. project 1: analysis was already done project 2: didn’t get the grant project 3: moved to a separate nonprofit organization
  92. 92. http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5103/5626969342_bc38729218.jpg
  93. 93. http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5266/5626393401_7b414bab10.jpg
  94. 94. http://www.flickr.com/photos/larskflem/415400861/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  95. 95. 24/7 self-serve
  96. 96. reward lots of kinds of winning
  97. 97. one kind of winner misses important kinds of winning
  98. 98. just impact factor? just citations?
  99. 99. http://www.flickr.com/photos/pixscapes/4331070047!
  100. 100. to impact flavors CC-BY-NC by maniacyak on flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/maniacyak/3432589472
  101. 101. Open metrics, with context, for diverse products.! Board: Cameron Neylon John Wilbanks
  102. 102. impactstory.org
  103. 103. reward lots of kinds of winning
  104. 104. finally, don’t judge demand by requests for an elevator before 1900
  105. 105. http://www.otisworldwide.com/d31-timeline.html
  106. 106. it might take a while for adoption
  107. 107. it will happen.
  108. 108. http://www.dvice.com/2013-6-19/carbon-fiber-elevatorcables-make-mile-high-skyscrapers-possible
  109. 109. 1. different users and uses 2. standard fittings 3. self-serve, 24/7 4. lots of kinds of winning 5. this is the future
  110. 110. http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4016/4557469169_824b646eb1.jpg
  111. 111. thank you! Jason Priem: cofounder of ImpactStory Todd Vision, NESCent, Mike Whitlock, the open science community, and those who release their articles, datasets and photos openly. impactstory.org
  112. 112. http://www.flickr.com/photos/quinnanya/2055471833
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