Dairy & Milk Products
What are DAIRY PRODUCTS ?
Dairy products are commodities which have been produced by primary
processing or secondary processing of milk.
All mammals produce milk which contains the correct balance of
nutrients with which to feed their young.
This milk can also be produced and used commercially; for example
sheep, goat and cows milk.
Most milk in the UK comes from Friesian cows and has been heat treated –
pasteurised, sterilised or ultra heat-treated. This has a negligible effect on its
nutritional value but increases its shelf life and destroys undesirable bacteria.
There is now a wider range of fresh milks available from your milkman. Milks can be
classed according to their fat content and heat treatment they receive at the
TYPES OF MILK
Other types of milk
UHT Milk – this milk owes its long life to ultra high temperature
132*c for one second followed by packaging.
Flavoured Milk – usually UHT MILK, either
semi-skimmed or skimmed.
Dried Skimmed Milk, Evaporated Milk, Condensed Milkfull cream or skimmed
Specialist Dairy Products
Sheep's mil k is nutritious and delicious. The mil k
has a rich, bland, slightly sweet taste.
It has twice as many minerals as cow’s or goats milk.
British sheep dairying is becoming more popular
due the fact that people with allergies find these
are better for them than Cow’s products.
Products available are sheep
milk,ice-cream, cheese and
Products than come from goat’s are becoming more popular
due to lesser fat and the products are more digestible. Many
people who are unable to have cows milk can often drink goat’s
Milk. Goat’s cheese is well liked and considered a delicacy.
Products available are goats
Milk, Cream, cheese, butter
Nutritional Value of milk
Milk is a valuable source of calcium, riboflavin and protein to our diet. For
vegetarians it can be a valuable source of vitamin A & B12. However they should
not rely on sterilized of UHTmilks for vitamin B12 as they don’t contain as much as
Why do we need calcium?
A calcium rich diet is required to help build strong bones in babies, growing
children and pregnant women.
For the rest of us it keeps our bones strong and helps delay symptoms of a
disease, known as Osteoporosis, which is becoming more common.
Cheese is made from cows, ewes or goats milk and it takes approximately 5 litres
of milk to produce ½ kg of cheese.
Types of cheeses
There are four main types of cheese with numerous varieties of each.
Soft or Cream cheese
Cheese is a highly concentrated form of food. Fat, protein, mineral salts and vitamins
are all present. Therefore it is an excellent bodybuilding, energy-producing, protective
Pale honey colour
Moist and firm
A soft white
Moist with a close
Mild salty taste
Available in red
white or blue
Flavour hint of
Salt and slight
A golden coloured
Cheese, smooth and
a full mellow taste
With a creamy feel
On the tongue
A fairly close texture
A bit crumbly. A blue
variety is available
but is rare.
Mild, slight sweet
A rich russet red
and rich flavour
with a nutty
Blue Cheshire has
A flavour quite
Red and white
Mild or mature
Available in white
A soft, moist
Texture with blue
Veins from the
Centre. Rich cream
Brie / Camembert
Edam – Holland
Roquefort – French
Gouda – Holland
Feta – Greek
Other Dairy Foods
Butter is a natural product made from cow’s milk. Like hard and soft margarine’s
and spreads, butter contains 81 % fat, so all have the same number of calories.
No preservatives or colourings are added although salt may be added for extra
Butter is made simply by churning fresh cream.
Yogurt is a cultured product made from whole or skimmed milk. To improve the
flavour and texture, skimmed milk solids or cream may also be added.
“ Live “ yogurt – regardless of whether labeled “live” or not, all yogurt contains
living bacteria unless it has been pasteurised after manufacture.
Varieties of yogurt
Low fat yogurt –contains maximum 1.5 % milk fat
Whole milk yogurt- contains fat as in whole milk
Whole or real fruit yogurt – contains whole fruit in sugar syrup
Fruit flavoured yogurt- contains fruit juices or syrup
There are many different types of cream available
Butterfat 35 %
Used for desserts
Butterfat 48 %
Rich and thick
Butterfat 18 %
Used in sauces
Fat content 55 %
Very thick, cream
In colour and rich
Ice cream is one the most popular comfort foods available
It first appeared in Britain in the eighteenth century and treat strictly
reserved for the rich. It can be available from cow’s and sheep’s milk in
A vast range of varieties are now available such as choc chip, vanilla,
Strawberry, Raspberry ripple to pistachio , butterscotch and mint as examples.