CIVICS Chapter 4.Oh ! I am much curious.What are laws ? How laws are changed and why? Are laws same for all ? Please tell me about it. Ok, I will clear your doubt. So, now lets study about law briefly.
In this chapter we will learn about: Do laws apply to all? How do new laws come about? Unpopular and controversial laws What should we as citizens do under such circumstances?
What does rule of law means?Control as per the law. ORGoverning as per the law. We will discuss all the points one-by-one .
Do laws apply to all? Yes, all are equal before law. The law cannot discriminate anyone on basisof religion, caste and gender. If he/she is rich, poor, minister, president .He/She is equal before law. RICH POOR MINISTER PRESIDENT
Reason for including law of equality: Because of ‘SEDITION act’ of 1870 , Indian nationalists forced britishers to include equality And ideas of justice into set of rules. Like this today also every year new laws are passed. Now question is raised How do people come to think and propose that a new law is necessary?
How do new laws come about? When problems are faced by people theyraise the need for a particular law throughmedia like TV channels, newspapers. The citizens play a crucial role in coming of a new law. We want it Give us our rights……
What is the procedure of coming of anew law ? When people feel there is a need of law theygo to an organization. Then several organizations discuss on thecomplaint and then prepare a draft of laws. The draft is then sent to minister. He introduces the law . Then voting of several ministers of Lok sabha takes place.
What is the procedure of coming of anew law ? If it is approved by Lok sabha , it is send tocommittee 1 for further procedures. Also if it is getting approval by committee 1 .It is then sent to Rajya sabha , here ministersvote again. Rajya sabha
What is the procedure of coming of anew law ? Approved bill is sent to committee 2 . Afterapproval , it goes to President and if Presidentapproves it . Then , the new law is introduced insociety.
Unpopular and controversial law: Parliament passes new laws every year thatmay be UNPOPULAR Controversial law : Some of this laws may be unacceptable to people because they could feel Law as unfair and harmful . So , they might criticise this law and when a large number of people criticise a law, it changes. If any law is not in favour of any group & ignores the other, it is controversial law.
As, citizens play crucial role inelecting their representatives .They alsoplay a crucial role in helping parliamentperform its representative functioningproperly. So , citizens of a democratic countrylike India must be aware of theirrights.