Lessons from History: OpenStack and the Articles of Confederation
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Lessons from History: OpenStack and the Articles of Confederation

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Lessons from History: OpenStack and the Articles of Confederation Lessons from History: OpenStack and the Articles of Confederation Presentation Transcript

  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.OpenStack&theArticlesofConfederationPaul HollandOpenStack Summit, April 2013
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.2Overview Parallels between OpenStack and 1787• Articles of Confederation & theOpenStack Foundation• Federation of states vs. projects• Central governance• Coordination among “states” Additional Learnings• Work as one• Make a difference• Communicate• Adapt• Move the community forwardhttp://www.infusezeal.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/My-Key-Takeaways.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.3Who I Am• Lover of history …• Who attempts to draw parallels to currentevents with examples from the past• Counting Havana, I have been to the lastthree OpenStack Summits• There is a buzz around here• At the last summit, I felt it and wasasking myself “how are we like theContinental Congress in 1787”?• Also an HP manager, aligning OpenStackefforts across the companyhttp://www.readingpl.org/wp-content/uploads/j0411674.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.4Recognize this time?• Unparalleled changes in politicalsystems and upheavals among thenations (wars, revolutions, newgovernments, worldwide trade, …)• Political unrest• Political and world systems in flux andhigh levels of instability• Massive innovation in many areas2013?http://images4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20111219053329/popdemandmod/images/3/33/Revolution1848.jpgNo, the year was 1787
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.5Historical Background• The United States “started” with a Declaration ofIndependence in 1776• The 13 Colonies won independence from Britain• The last military battle was at Yorktown in1781• Independence came officially via the Treaty ofParis in 1783• United States was “established” by its firstsystem of governance, called the Articles ofConfederation (passed in 1777 and ratified in1781)• The Articles of Confederation were replaced bythe Constitution, ratified by the 9th state in 1788and by the 13th state in 1791http://journal.borderlands.com/wp-content/uploads/1995/01/Articles-of-Confederation-title.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.6Key Characteristics of the Articles of ConfederationCharacteristic OutcomeEach state only had one vote in Congress,regardless of sizeA small state had the same power as alarge state in all affairs1Congress did not have the power to tax The government was always short ofmoney and couldn’t repay its war debts2Congress did not have the power toregulate foreign and interstate commerceEach state managed its own commerce, soit was difficult to trade with other nations3There was no executive branch to enforceany acts passed by CongressThe laws were inconsistently enforced bythe individual states4There was no national court system There was no way to settle disputes5Amendments to the Articles ofConfederation required a unanimous voteIn all practical terms, there were no newchanges to the government structure6Laws required a 9/13 majority to pass inCongressNew laws were difficult to pass7http://americanhistory.about.com/od/governmentandpolitics/f/articles_of_confederation_fails.htm
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.7The Articles of Confederation & OpenStackWeakness OutcomeEach state only had one vote in Congress,regardless of sizeCongress did not have the power to taxCongress did not have the power toregulate foreign and interstate commerceThere was no executive branch to enforceany acts passed by CongressThere was no national court systemAmendments to the Articles ofConfederation required a unanimous voteLaws required a 9/13 majority to pass inCongressA small state had the same power as alarge state in all affairsThe government was always short ofmoney and couldn’t repay its war debtsEach state managed its own commerce, soit was difficult to trade with other nationsThe laws were inconsistently enforced bythe individual statesThere was no way to settle disputesIn all practical terms, there were no newchanges to the government structureNew laws were difficult to pass1234567OpenStackDifferent weighting for core, incubated,and new projects1The OpenStack Foundation has revenueand manages the budget2The OpenStack Foundation handles thecross-project relationships3The Board enforces the bylaws and theTC handles the technical questions4The TC and Board handle theirrespective disputes5The bylaws allow for amendments andnew projects are added as needed6The bylaws allow for changes7
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.8So, what else can we learn from the Articles ofConfederation to strengthen communitiesand help OpenStack?
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.Workasone
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.10It is about the whole communityworking together(understand the people: users, developers,admins, devops, …)http://www.nps.gov/inde/historyculture/images/Constitutional-Convention.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.11Governance(centralized and distributed authority,foundation board and project governance)http://www.colonizationfans.com/Congress.html
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.12Common “currency”(APIs, common language, processes, etc)http://sidoxia.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/foreign-exchange.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.Makeadifference
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.14Innovate(do something new – be part of the first)http://www.innovationmanagement.se/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/forget-your-customers-develop-innovative-business-models.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.15Challenge the status quo(convention attendees came to revise the Articles ofConfederation and ended up writing a new constitution)http://constitution-a.wikispaces.com/file/view/constitutional-convention.jpg/138974849/946x492/constitutional-convention.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.Communicate
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.17Collaborate(bring together pieces for agreater whole: states in 1787,core compute, storage, etc in2013)http://chiefexecutive.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/multinational.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.18Support open dialog/debate(grand compromise)http://gulagbound.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/constitutionburning.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.Adapt
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.20Be adaptable(plan for adaptation and extension,broader vision often evolves)
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.21Think ahead where possible(framework for things to come, like incubatedprojects)http://mrnussbaum.com/13colonies/13map13a.gif
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.Movethecommunityforward
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.23Evolutionary or revolutionary, it isforward progress(standing still is not an option)http://natylo.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/standingstill.jpg
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.24Sometimes, good enough is the best(can’t please everyone all the time –some reps were angry, left unhappy and refused to sign;will evolve with collaboration and willingness to improve)“I confess that there are several parts of this constitution which I do not at present approve,but I am not sure I shall never approve them… I doubt too whether any other Conventionwe can obtain, may be able to make a better Constitution… Thus I consent, Sir, to thisConstitution because I expect no better, and because I am not sure, that it is not the best.” –Benjamin Franklinhttp://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/a7s3.html
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.25Warninghttp://www.bbwhite.com/Images/ShaysMakingNation.jpg“Those who cannot remember the past are condemnedto repeat it.” – George SantayanaReason in CommonSense, volume 1 of The Life of Reason
  • © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.26Summary• Work as one• Make a difference• Communicate• Adapt• Move the communityforwardhttp://www.healthcare-informatics.com/sites/healthcare-informatics.com/files/imagecache/570x360/key%20takeaways.jpg