Engineering Simulation: Where are we going?

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Engineering Simulations is a 2 part webinar series discussing where the engineering simulation market has its roots, its current status and its future.

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Engineering Simulation: Where are we going?

  1. 1. • * “Engineering Simulations, Part 1: “Where We Are and How We Got Here” was webcast on Wednesday, February 12th. • Slides and recorded versions of both webcasts are/will be available at www.TheUberCloud.com
  2. 2. Who Am I? (my 1 minute of shameless self-promotion or your bathroom break ) Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 2
  3. 3. MCAE Future Trend Topics/ Comments What is MCAE today? Beyond the Software Overview of Key Trends Key Near-Future Trend Themes The Famous “V” Diagram Dramatic Potential Expansion of Simulation Use Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 3
  4. 4. People • Full-time CAE/ Simulation Specialists • Product Development Engineers (© D. Nagy, 2011) Training Help SPM Engineering Simulation Processes Simulation Software (Tools) • Working Environments (pre/post) • Computational Engines (solvers) • Capture • Store • Repeat/re-use (templates) SDM KBE Simulation Data • Work in progress & archiving • Data explosion (vs. PDM, CDM) Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 4
  5. 5. Overview of Key Trends in Engineering Simulation (1) Development continues in the most mature branch— environments and solvers (“But how much is used?”) Nonlinear, non-”standard” materials, materials design, multi-physics, multifidelity, multi-scale,… More attention to the “connectors” (the keys to synergy): Training and help: In-line and on-line Simulation Process Management (SPM): capturing, standardizing, and re-using best practices, linking multiple software tools; “Intelligent Templates” Knowledge-based Engineering (KBE): leveraging past work on similar new projects, accessing past expertise and relevant data; “Intelligent Templates” Simulation Data Management (SDM): storing, retrieving, and re-using results of simulation runs Recognizing the differences between PDM and SDM: temporary storage of significant (size of files) results vs. archiving end results Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 5
  6. 6. Overview of Key Trends in Engineering Simulation (2) Significant growth of materials research, data, use (Multiscale) Composites, micro- and nano-materials, simulated materials testing,… Multi-physics: different physical phenomena interacting/ affecting each other, e.g., Structural-thermal Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) CFD with chemical reactions, combustion Structural, CFD, electromagnetics Multi-fidelity/System Level (model/network-based): Structural: 1-D (bars, beams), 2-D (plates, shells), 3-D (solids) Flow: 1-D (piping networks, 3-D CFD (single-phase), 3-D CFD (multiphase) Block-diagrammatic system modeling (MatLab, SABER, SysML, Modelica, LabVIEW,…), connecting to 3D Simulation Governance (SimGov): administering enterprise-wide use of simulation as a corporate asset “Command and Control” Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 6
  7. 7. Key Near-Future CAE Trend Themes Simulation-driven design (SDD) Democratization (supply meets demand) “The Cloud” (ubiquitous computing access) Multi: Scale/Level, Fidelity, Physics Mechatronics Convergence (MCAE meets ECAE/EDA CAE) and beyond to requirements capture, systems modeling and simulation (MBSE) Continual Evolving ISV Ecosystems (acquisition, creation) Simulation Governance All of these are a mixture of business and technology trends Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 7
  8. 8. Simulation before Traditional CAD Using simulation (CAE) to drive product development and more detailed product design features, rather than following that step as a “verification” step. “De-featuring” tools are proof that the CAD process has gotten ahead of where it should be (?) SpaceClaim, as an example, has targeted this pre-CAD segment/need Berlin-based FRIENDSHIP SYSTEMS (a DNV-GL company) also sees the advantage: “Traditional CAD tools (e.g. CATIA, NX, Pro/E, SolidWorks), although powerful, are detail-oriented and encompass features which may not be relevant for simulation.” --FRIENDSHIP Framework web page Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 8
  9. 9. The Famous “V” Diagram (Should it be a “W”?) Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 9
  10. 10. Dramatic Potential Expansion of Simulation Use Population of product development engineers who could make use of simulation Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy Population of simulation engineers capable of using today’s generation of CAE tools February 27, 14 10
  11. 11. Widening the Availability of Simulation to “Design” Engineers (“Democratization”?) “Old” Paradigm: A CAD company purchases an FEA/CFD tool/company and offers a CAD-embedded version of the traditional analysis process. Examples: PTC Rasna, Solidworks SRAC (Cosmos), Autodesk Algor, PlassoTech, Siemens PLM Femap Vince Adams wrote recently (in DE article): “Autodesk wasn’t prepared to accept the status quo. Per Scott Reese, the company’s senior director of Simulation Solutions, after exhaustive research with customers and across the market, Autodesk chose a different approach that it expects to be a game changer…” “Newer” Paradigms: Creating simulation tools/wizards/e-handbooks to give non-simulation-experts reliable answers to specific classes of difficult (simulation-dependent) problems using simulation “under the covers.” “Intelligent” templates for capturing, driving use of “right” simulation at the right stage of product development (= at the right positions on the “V” diagram) Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 11
  12. 12. How to close this gap? Current Expertise Requirements 12
  13. 13. A Few Examples of Wizards & Templates Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 13
  14. 14. “Intelligent” Templates (COMET Solutions) Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 14
  15. 15. “The Cloud” A lot of talk (hype?), increasing availability of remote computing access, called “Cloud” by individual vendors This is the subject of a whole different presentation But still to early to predict which business model(s) will emerge and dominate Client-server, web/browser portals Cloud-based simulation has some additional layers of difficulty: the need to more automatically locate enough powerful computing (clusters/nodes/cores) to get the job done as fast as possible Software pricing/licensing models for “pay as you go” Remote visualization of results vs. downloading very large files for local visualization … Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 15
  16. 16. Crowd-Sourced Practical Research: TheUberCloud HPC Experiment Computer Hardware and Infrastructure Mathematics Researc h Software Development Application s Use for Product and Process Improvemen t “Aha!” ( Insight) Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 16
  17. 17. TheUberCloud HPC Experiment: An open voluntary collaborative community Objective: Making HPC as a Service available, for everybody, on demand How? For SMEs and their engineering applications to explore the end-to-end process of using remote computing resources, as a service, on demand, at your finger tips, and learning how to resolve the roadblocks. Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 17
  18. 18. UberCloud Poll about Roadblocks The UberCloud, June 13, 2013 Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 18
  19. 19. Where Are We with the Experiment? Started August 2012: today (February 2014) 900+ participating organizations and individuals Participants are from 48 countries Round 5 started February 1, 2014: ~25-30 new teams 140+ teams have been formed in Rounds 1-5 Registration at: www.hpcexperiment.com www.cfdexperiment.com www.compbioexperiment.com www.bigdataexperiment.com Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 19
  20. 20. Team 8: Multiphase flows within the cement and mineral industry Drying moist particles with hot gas Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 20
  21. 21. More Details on the 25 Best Teams So Far (Rounds 1 & 2) UberCloud HPC Experiment Compendium 25 selected use-cases from 60 teams in Rounds 1 & 2 Sponsored by Intel’s HPC Organization Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 21
  22. 22. Trends in Broader MCAE Environments The ongoing debate of “integrated, from a single supplier” vs. “best of breed” from multiple vendors continues to this day because, in reality, end users and end-user companies really need a common environment where seamless integration of best of breed is available. Vendors of solver tools and environments focused/ oriented mainly around their own tools are opening up to the heterogeneous tools needs that will remain for the foreseeable future. From captive environments to open foundations/ frameworks Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 22
  23. 23. “Best of Breed” Vendors in Main MCAE Application Areas Flexible mechanics (structural) solvers (FEA): ANSYS, MSC.NASTRAN, SIMULIA/Abaqus Multibody Dynamics (MBD) solvers: MSC.ADAMS (LMS/CADSI, RecurDyn distant seconds) Fluid/Thermal solvers (CFD): Best-of-Breed ANSYS/Fluent+CFX, CD-adapco STAR-CCM+, Exa Electromagnetics solvers: and “Integrated” (at the macro level) ANSYS/Ansoft CAE GUI Environments and generic meshers/viewers Altair Hyperworks, ANSYS/Workbench, ANSA, NX CAE, Ensight,… Simulation Lifecycle Management Siemens PLM Teamcenter, SIMULIA and ENOVIA, MSC SimManager Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 23
  24. 24. MULTI- Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 24
  25. 25. Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 25
  26. 26. Mechatronics Convergence Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 26
  27. 27. Key Associations Reacting to Mechatronics Convergence : the only global vendor-neutral, notfor-profit association for Mechanical Engineering Simulation (MCAE) Grew out of FEA use in the UK Nuclear Industry in the early 1980s . Started in the US but is now global (slightly larger than NAFEMS) NAFEMS and INCOSE formed formal partnership and first joint System Modeling and Simulation Working Group (SMSWG) in mid-2012 Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 27
  28. 28. PDF copies of these slides (with active hyperlinks) available from TheUberCloud: www.TheUberCloud.com Dennis.Nagy@BeyondCAE. or from me at: com Copyright © 2014 by Dennis A. Nagy February 27, 14 29

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