1. The Tech Generation...taking action to protect our kids SHARON M. WEINSTEIN, MS, RN, CRNI, FACW, FAAN
2. Objectives Discuss the inherent dangers associated with connectivity Identify safety measures that parents can take to mitigate cellular damage Describe the impact on students’ health – long and short-term
3. Abstract iPad, iPhone, Droid, Tablet, Video games – are signs of the times and can we live without them? WiFi and cellular technology may be the most devastating challenge to our health and that that industry, government and consumers do not like to acknowledge. We’ll address signs and symptoms as well as corrective actions.
4. Sources Cell phones Cell towers Cordless phones PDA’s – Blackberry, Treo, iPhone Wireless games (Wii) Baby monitors Smart Meters WiFi and more
5. Scientific Evidence “…results indicate changes in the response characteristics of the nervous system with repeated exposure, suggesting that the effects are not ‘forgotten’ after each episode of exposure” “Neurological Effects of Radiofrequency Radiation, Dept. of Bioengineering, school of Medicine, University of Washington Soviets scientists warn of cumulative effects of non-thermal radiation doses, including reproductive and genetic effects
6. Scientific Evidence All studies show increased brain tumor risk after 10 years Malignant brain tumors – 40% increase 30 mins/day after 10 years – Interphone Heavy cell phone use by teens show four to five times more brain tumors by late 20’s – Dr. Lennart Hardell, Sweden
7. Why is it Dangerous? It constantly transmits at full power – doesn’t decrease power when not in use It is on 24/7 Exposure to full power microwave pulses from router every few seconds even if computer off. Scientifically proven biologically active Evidence of cumulative effects
8. Cumulative Effect “…results indicate changes in the response characteristics of the nervous system with repeated exposure, suggesting that the effects are not ‘forgotten’ after each episode of exposure” “Neurological Effects of Radiofrequency Radiation, Dept. of Bioengineering, school of Medicine, University of Washington Soviets scientists warn of cumulative effects of non- thermal radiation doses, including reproductive and genetic effects
9. EMF Sensitivity Electromagnetic sensitivity recognized internationally – growing health disaster Chronic condition/disability of hyper-sensitive reactions to EMR Can only be reversed by reducing exposure Some people no recognizable symptoms, but does not mean they are unaffected.
10. SymptomsDizziness ArrhythmiaHeadaches Racing heart/palpitationsFatigue & Anxiety Digestive changesSleep problems High blood pressureSkin disorders Blood sugar levelsTinnitus (ringing ears) Joint & muscle painRestless leg syndrome Memory & concentrationThyroid disorders difficulties
11. What is radiation? The word ‘radiation’ means  Anything which ‘radiates’ on ray-like paths Could be  Sound  Radio  Light  Infra-red light  Particles or waves emitted from the nuclei of atoms  Nuclear Radiation
12. How does my phone work? • Each color represents a Mobile Phones are base station operating at a ‘radio’ phones slightly different frequency Operating at microwave frequencieshexagonal cells Roughly Handset power minimized by having a network of local transmitters and receivers Mast
13. Technology Each cell has a transmitter and receiver mast Notice the typical three way structure
14. Vulnerability “The developing organs of a child are the most sensitive to any possible effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields.” –University Pittsburgh Cancer Institute “The consequence of prolonged exposures to children, whose nervous systems continue to develop until late adolescence is unknown at this time. This could…result in diminished capacity for thinking, judgment, memory, learning and control over behavior.” – BioInitiative Report
15. The Risks Electromagnetic fields are likely to penetrate the brain more deeply for children than adults…due to smaller sized brains and softer brain tissue. – University of Pittsburgh Cancer Inst Living tissue is vulnerable to EMF within the frequency bands used by cell phones, even below the threshold of power imposed by most safety standards, notably an increase in the permeability of the blood brain barrier and increased synthesis of stress proteins.” – U of P Cancer Inst.
16. Waves and Matter When an electromagnetic wave interacts with matter…  Some absorption  Some reflection  Some transmission
17. Summary Electromagnetic waves interacting with matter can be  Reflected, absorbed or transmitted What happens depends on  the frequency of the electric field  the natural frequencies of the atoms and molecules Microwaves emitted by mobile phone systems  Are absorbed by human tissue
18. What are the risks? Basic safety assumption is that the main effect of exposure to microwaves is thermal Are there ‘non-thermal’ effects? Ifso are they harmful? Normal thermal vibrations are much larger than vibrations induced by microwaves emitted by mobile phones.
19. How it all fits together… Electricity Atoms HeatElectromagnetic waves
20. What could we do? Ban mobile phones ?  The ‘Precautionary principle’  Could there be some harm caused?  How many lives are saved by mobile phones? Reduce mobile phone power ?  Increase the number of mobile phone masts Reduce mast power ?  Increase the mobile phone handset power  Increase the number of masts Ban mobile phone use while driving ?  Done: has it been effective? Nothing ?