The end of the slave trade

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The end of the slave trade

  1. 1. The End of the Slave Trade *Notes are for Dana Hall classroom use only. Reproduction of These materials is strictly forbidden. Bibliographic information for Images available upon request.
  2. 2. <ul><li>By the 18 th century, Britain had become the largest exporter of African slaves from Africa </li></ul><ul><li>By 1800, more than half of the captives taken from West Africa had been carried across the Atlantic in British ships </li></ul><ul><li>However, Britain would be the FIRST major European country to quit the slave trade, and will outlaw the trade in 1807. </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for British Change of Heart? </li></ul><ul><li>Social Reform Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Changes </li></ul>http://www.mahsnet.org/projects/anguilla/Anguilla_main/galleons.jpg
  3. 3. Social Reform <ul><li>Several major events will </li></ul><ul><li>transpire in the years leading </li></ul><ul><li>up to Britain’s abolishment of </li></ul><ul><li>slavery: </li></ul><ul><li>A) The American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>(“All Men Are Created </li></ul><ul><li>Equal.”) </li></ul><ul><li>B) The French Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>(“Liberty, Equality, </li></ul><ul><li>Fraternity.”) </li></ul><ul><li>C) Religious Reform Movements </li></ul><ul><li>D) Rise of British Intellectualism: Founded a Society for the Abolition of Slavery- pressured the govt. to outlaw the slave trade. </li></ul>http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Img/172082/0052131.jpg
  4. 4. Economic Reasons <ul><li>The slave trade had become less profitable for the British for FOUR reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>French West Indies produced sugar more cheaply and was underselling the British </li></ul><ul><li>Slave rebellions in the Caribbean had become more frequent </li></ul><ul><li>Price of slaves in the West Indies had increased substantially </li></ul><ul><li>A rise in industrialization had begun in England. Local industry was more palatable than plantations to many investors </li></ul>Why not use slaves in the factories in England? Why would Britain choose wage labor over slave labor? www.oldukphotos.com/hampshire_portsmouth.htm
  5. 5. 1807- Britain Outlaws Slave Trade <ul><li>British vessels and British citizens are forbidden by the govt. to participate in the slave trade </li></ul><ul><li>Many still continued to practice the slave trade anyway…besides other European countries are doing it, right? </li></ul><ul><li>A British Anti-Slavery Squadron of ships was sent to the West African coast- Would stop slave ships and set the slaves free. </li></ul>http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/abolition/images/navy_02.jpg
  6. 6. What do YOU think?

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