What is Slavery? <ul><li>An economic system which relies on forced labor, ownership of some people by others. </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery has existed in most cultures throughout the world at some point in history. </li></ul>
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade <ul><li>Began in the 17 th century with the rise of plantations in the Americas and the Caribbean region </li></ul><ul><li>Africans were preferred labor sources, as the Amerindians had little or no immunity to European diseases </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1630’s the world will experience a rapid expansion of plantation growth. The Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, French and English will all be competing in the West Indies. </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 20,000 slaves were brought per year to the Americas in the 17 th century- </li></ul><ul><li>This number will more than double by the 18 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that millions of Africans were taken as slaves to the New World by way of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade </li></ul>
Was There Slavery in Africa Before European Demand? <ul><li>In African cultures, slaves were often taken in conflicts between warring tribes/villages/peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves often could advance their social position and even marry to earn their freedom. Traditionally slaves could assimilate into their new society </li></ul><ul><li>Africans had been trading other Africans as slaves to Southern Europe for centuries </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese were the first European nation to TAKE African slaves back to Europe. The first African slaves in Portugal were servants in the wealthiest of households. </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese will eventually use African slaves to work on sugar plantations on Sao Tome. It is from the Portuguese that we have gotten the word ‘slave’. </li></ul>
Slavery in Africa: How were slaves obtained and sold to the Europeans? <ul><li>Despite what you may have learned, the fact is that most Europeans did NOT venture into the interior of Africa to kidnap or capture slaves. Most European slave traders bought their slaves from African contacts on the coast </li></ul><ul><li>Often African people involved in the slave trade would capture interior Africans from different cultural groups and sell them to Europeans along the coast. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were then transported via ship to the Americas where they were then sold to the highest bidder </li></ul>
How Do We Know About the Middle Passage? From Descriptions by Slave Traders Themselves
The Effects of the Slave Trade on Africa <ul><li>Some kings prospered, and entire kingdoms developed around the slave trade </li></ul><ul><li>Trade relationships established between Europe and Africa, as well as between Africans themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Trade patterns shifted focus to the coasts </li></ul><ul><li>Depopulation of parts of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Disintegration of some kingdoms and cultural dissolution </li></ul><ul><li>Social prejudice against Africa and its people becomes the norm in the West </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans establish entry points for future colonization in the 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>African cultural influences on the American culture (i.e. music, language, agricultural practices) </li></ul>
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.