European Contact With Africa The Portuguese and Dutch ‘Explore’ the African Continent *Notes are for Dana Hall classroom use only. Reproduction of These materials is strictly forbidden. Bibliographic information for Images available upon request.
Though the Portuguese established trade relationships with Africans in the West, they conquered East African kingdoms and their peoples, taking control of all p9ort cities along the coast…Why might this be?
By mid-17 th century, there were an estimated 50,000 Khoisan pastoralists living near the coastal areas
Early contact with Europeans was well-received, as Khoisan were able to profit from trade.
Europeans’ demand for fresh meat often surpassed what Africans could supply
In 1652, Dutch (Boers) will supplant a colony at Cape of Good Hope to serve as a supply stop.
Khoisan resist settlement but outmatched by Dutch guns
Dutch govt. will encourage settlement of S. Africa in the early 1700’s
Though Dutch originally confined settlement to the coastal region, eventually, they will move into the interior parts of S. Africa. These new settlers, known as trekboers, were allowed to claim huge ‘farms’ for the purposes of raising sheep and cattle
Though Khoisan will continue to resist, they will be no match for Boers superior military prowess and infectious diseases such as small pox.