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Gulf Coast Green 2012 Stan Cox
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Gulf Coast Green 2012 Stan Cox

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    Gulf Coast Green 2012 Stan Cox Gulf Coast Green 2012 Stan Cox Presentation Transcript

    • Qatar 2022
    • 1. Energy and Climate“It is your human environmentthat makes climate.”— Mark Twain, Following the Equator,1897 2
    • Chakravarty et al., PNAS 2009
    • Kilowatt-hours 2005 consumed for residential air-Relative to 1993 1993 conditioning, 2005 U.S. 1993 1993 5
    • 1950 2007 1100 ft2 2500 ft2Average new house’s floorspace, U.S. 7
    • 200 Energy consumption, billion kWh 150 Base case High efficiency case 100 50 0 2005 2010 2015 2020IndiaFig. 3, p. 165 Year 8
    • Phoenix,~ 1300
    • Phoenix, 2012
    • Phoenix, 2012
    • 2. EfficiencyCoal saved through efficiency “is onlysaved from one use to be employed inothers, and the profits gained soonlead to extended employment inmany new forms. The severalbranches of industry are closelyinterdependent, and progress of anyone leads to the progress of nearlyall.”— William Stanley Jevons, 1865
    • “The chief source of problemsis solutions.”—Eric Sevareid, 1970
    • increased consumption Kilowatt- increased efficiency hoursRelative to 1993 1993 2005 consumed for residential 1993 1993 air- 2005 conditioning, U.S. 14
    • “A policy of ‘frugality first’ inducesefficiency as a secondaryconsequence;‘efficiency first’ does not inducefrugality--it makes frugality [seem]less necessary.”— Herman Daly, 2003
    • United States, electricity Air- conditioning consumption*Biliion kWh 1993 renewable production 16 * buildings only
    • Jeff Rubin, CIBC World Markets
    • Jeff Rubin, CIBC World Markets
    • 3. Culture“General Electric has proved amore devastating invader thanGeneral Sherman.”— Raymond Arsenault, “The End ofthe Long, Hot Summer : The AirConditioner and Southern Culture,”1984
    • Markham, 1944
    • Temperature
    • Temperature“Civilization”
    • 23
    • Top ten influences on the American metropolis, 1950-20001. The 1956 Interstate Highway Act and dominance of the automobile2. FHA mortgage financing and subdivision regulation3. De-industrialization of central cities4. Downtown redevelopment and public housing5. The suburban tract house6. Racial segregation and job discrimination7. Enclosed shopping malls8. Sun Belt–style sprawl9. Air-conditioning10. Urban unrest in the 1960s Society for American City and Regional Planning History, 2000
    • 25
    • 26
    • 21 24 27 16 42 64 62 80 92annual cooling days 163
    • 19 11 12 16 27 72 60 58hours per year in 56traffic delays 50
    • 2911
    • 4. Productivity“Doesn’t the AC-free enviro-dream worldsound wonderful? Daily summertimesiestas, shorter business hours, evensome days completely off! … ”-- Conn Carroll, Heritage Foundation, 2010
    • “ … but as with all enviro-leftist schemes,the heavy costs of their low energyutopian dream are being ignored. Slowerworkdays mean less productivity. Shorterhours and closed offices mean lost profitsfor employers.”-- Conn Carroll, Heritage Foundation, 2010
    • Factory employees
    • Temperature Alan Hedge, Cornell
    • (A footnote) Productivity Avg. hourly wage
    • 5. Comfort & Health“A May 2003 survey by theInternational Facilities ManagementAssociation says that being too coldwas the number-one officecomplaint ... followed by being toohot.”—New York Times, 2005 37
    • Thailand: office employees percent comfortable 38
    • 95 90 Indoor temperature Indoor temperature 85 80 75 70 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 Outdoor temperaturede Dear235 Fig. 4, p. and 39Brager, 2001
    • 4511