LEED Pilot LibraryPilot Credit 2PBT Source Reduction: Dioxins andHalogenated Organic CompoundsPilot Credit 11Chemical Avoidance in BuildingMaterials
LEED Pilot Library Pilot Credit 54 Avoidance of Chemicals of Concern To increase the use of product and materials that disclose chemical ingredient Data and reduce the concentrations of chemical contaminants that can damage Air quality, human health, productivity and the environment. Pilot Credit 62 Disclosure of Chemicals of ConcernTo increase the use of products and materials that disclose chemical ingredient data.Use a minimum of 20%, by cost, of at least 3 building product and material typesmeeting one of the options offered.
EPA Chemicals of concernAnnounced 12/30/09 Where do we use them?• Phthalates (90% in Vinyl) Vinyl floors• Polybrominated diphenyl Carpets ethers (Flame Retardants) Vinyl wallpaper• Perfluorinated chemicals Polyurethane foam cushion (Stain/Water Repellants)• Bisphenol A (epoxies) Polycarbonate glazing Epoxy paints & coatings Caulks ………and many more
LEED 2012 Chemicals of Concern credit California Prop 65 Chemicals known to the State to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity Over 850 substances How many in building materials?
PersistentBioaccumulativeToxic Chemicals Eco Kids/Earth Day Canada
Halogenated flame retardants (PBDE):• disrupt thyroid and estrogen hormones• developmental effects on brain & reproductive systems (reduced sperm count)
The Little Princes of DenmarkWhy do Danes have smaller nuts than Finns—are toxins to blame?By Florence WilliamsPosted Wednesday, Feb. 24, 2010, at 9:41 AM ET . . . . Why should you care if youre neither Danish nor Finnish? Because the answer involves environmental toxins that have made their way around the globe. "It turns out the chemical burden is not the same" for Danish and Finnish baby boys, says researcher Main, who was surprised by the finding. "Its higher here. The higher your burden, as measured in breast milk, the higher the risk of undescended testes."
August 6, 2009 Nicholas D. KristofWhat’s Getting Into Our ChildrenBaby bottles and toys have been found to contain phthalates, bisphenol A,and lead, all toxins that have been linked to reproductive and developmentaldisorders. . . . .As harmful elements detected in everyday household itemsincrease, rates of chronic disease have also risen sharply - and theseconditions are now the leading causes of childhood illness and death.
July 16, 2009 Chemicals and Our Health Nichols D. KristofHowever careful you are about your health, your body is almostcertainly home to troubling chemicals called phthalates. . . . . andmany scientists have linked them to everything from sexualdeformities in babies to obesity and diabetes.
February 24, 2010Do Toxins Cause Autism? Nicholas D. Kristof . . . .suspicions are growing that one culprit may be chemicals in the environment Precautionary principle . . . . avoid most plastics marked at the bottom as 3 (PVC/Vinyl) , 6 and 7 because they are the ones associated with potentially harmful toxins.
85% have no human health data available65% have no data at all publicly available No chemicals banned, not even asbestos Moreover, most chemical ingredients not disclosed in products
TRADE SECRETLow fat!
January 4, 2010A week after he arrived at the agency in July,Steve Owens, assistant administrator for theEPAs Office of Prevention, Pesticides and ToxicSubstances, ended confidentiality protection for530 chemicals. In those cases, manufacturershad claimed secrecy for chemicals they hadpromoted by name on their Web sites ordetailed in trade journals.
Increasingly Available Product Data (carbon footprints) (chemicals of concern) (working conditions) (community conditions) + Web 2.0 Technology____________________________ Era of Radical Transparency
Over 9000 chemicals screened on 26 chemical hazard lists from authoritative scientific bodies• U.S. National Institutes of Health• National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH)• International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)• U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)• United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)• European Commission• State of Washington• State of California (Prop 65)• Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics
• From billion-dollar nonprofits to single-person dot.causes, these groups collectively comprise the largest movement on earth, a movement that has no name, leader, or location, and that has gone largely ignored by politicians and the media.• Like nature itself, it is organizing from the bottom up, in every city, town, and culture. and is emerging to be an extraordinary and creative expression of peoples needs worldwide.
Standards & Certifications
Many PBTs & Endocrine Disrupting ChemicalsNot subject to IAQ testing even in certified products because they are not VOCs
SVOCs & Endocrine Disrupting ChemicalsPhthalatesHarmful chemical90% used in vinylPresent in household dustAn SVOC, not a VOC
To address these hazards: new trends in green building product evaluation TRANSPARENCY & DISCLOSURE
CHEMICAL AVOIDANCE “RED LISTS” No added Formaldehyde Halogenated Flame Retardants PVC Mercury CFC’s HCFC’s Neoprene (chloroprene) Cadmium Chlorinated Polyethylene and Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene Wood treatments containing Creosote, Arsenic, or Pentachlorophenol Polyurethane Lead Phthalates
Perkins+ CPA-HBN Red List Will LBC GGHC Lead Mercury Phenol Cadmium formal- Copper dehyde LEED-HC Hexavalent VOCs Chromium Urea Formaldehyde EPA Chlorinated PVC & other Phthalates LEED Pilot paraffins BPA chlorinated PBDE plastics Long PFC HFR LBC watch Short PFCs CFC PAHs, Phenol, Polyurethane HCFC Arsenic, More PBTs, Tins penta & asthmagens & PU, more metals & creosoteHalons endocrine other REACH chems Polystyrene More mutagens, disruptors reproductive, More developmental carcinogens & neurotoxicants& More!!
An Open Standard Format, non-proprietary standard format for Reporting Chemical Ingredients andAssociated Health Hazards. Health Impact Assessmentspecifically studying impacts on building occupants from chemical emissions from building products.
Key elements of an HPD1. Product Description2. Contents Inventory & Health Warning3. Testing & Certification4. Accessory Materials5. Notes6. Certification of the Declaration
Endorsedby nearly50 Green BuildingLeaderswww.hpdworkinggroup.org
30 Major Manufacturers In Pilot Programwww.hpdworkinggroup.org
Combined Health & Environmental Product Declaration VOC emission Lab testing VOC certifications VOC content SCS, Greenguard, Greenseal Wet applied products etc HPDProduct contents Hazard (use phase) SVOCs, non volatiles, references Health carcinogens Product IARC, Prop 65, EPA IRIS, Green Submittal Screen, etc Declaration Combined Health & Environmental Energy Use LCA EPD Product Declaration Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) Environmental Water Use Embodied carbon, embodied energy, fossil fuel depletion, Product materials depletion, acid rain Declaration Materials Use emissions, etc. Emissions
HPD Open Standard Communication ChainsSupply chainSupply chain Suppliers of the informationManufacturers Sales Reps Users of the information Architect Contractor Specifier Owner Sub
HPD Open Standard Communication Chains Supply chain Suppliers of the information Manufacturer GrnSpcPharosDeclare & others Users of the information Architect Contractor Specifier Owner Sub
Section 1 Product Description• Name & ID of Product• Manufacturer Name• Description of the Product• Master format number(s)• Declaration Date
Section 2 - Contents InventoryElements of full disclosure• Substance name• CAS number (or species)• % of weight of the product• Health Hazard Warnings (authoritative listings)• Recycled content• Uses nanotechnology• Role/Function
Reference ManualLine by line instructions
Over 9000 chemicalsScreened against 26 authoritative chemical hazard listsRanked on a GreenScreen-informed hazard scale• Priority health endpoints• Confidence in the science• US EPA IRIS Carcinogens, NWMP Priority PBTs, TRI PBT, Global Warming Potentials and Ozone Depleting Potentials• NTP ROC and Reproductive Monographs• NIOSH Carcinogens• IARC Cancer Monographs• European Commission SVHC, CLP, ESIS PBT, and Endocrine Disruptors• State of Washington PBTS• State of Oregon P3s• OSPAR Priority Chemicals• Rotterdam PICs• Stockholm POPs• State of California Prop 65• Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics Exposure Codes
HPD TimelineMarch 15 – HPD Pilot beganMay 16 – close of PilotJuly/August – review & revise periodFall 2012 – release of HPD V1 for public use