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Edu clouded

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  • 1. NEOFELIS NEBULOSA
    The Clouded Leopard
  • 2. Range of Habitat
    • Clouded Leopards are only found in parts of Asia.
    • 3. They are found in Nepal, Southern China, Thailand, Indonesia, and Borneo.
    • 4. Although the map shows a connected range of habitat Clouded Leopards are only found in parts of the highlighted areas.
  • Environment
    • Clouded Leopards are typically found in dense lowland rainforests
    • 5. They are sometimes also found in Mangrove forests and grasslands.
    • 6. They are typically found at altitudes of about 2000 ft
    • 7. They prefer a habitat from 65 to 120 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Physical Characteristics
    • These leopards are called “Clouded” because of the pattern of the spots on their midsection.
    • 8. These spots tend to be more solid around the paws, tail, and face.
    • 9. These leopards are the smallest member of the “Big Cat” classification.
    Males Females
    Torso Length 2.7’-3.6’ 2.25’-3’
    Weight 40-51 lbs 33-40 lbs
    Shoulder 9-16” 9-16”
    height
  • 10. Physical Characteristics Continued…
    • Clouded leopards have short legs
    • 11. They have large strong paws
    • 12. They have sharp claws
    • 13. They have flexible ankle joints
    • 14. Their powerful legs and paws, sharp claws and flexible ankles allow the Clouded leopard to climb down head first as needed
  • Physical Characteristics
    Continued…
    • A Clouded leopard’s tail is approximately the length of it’s body from head to rear.
    • 15. Clouded leopard’s canine teeth are proportionally the longest of any large cat.
    • 16. Their teeth are the same size as those of a tiger even though the Clouded is much smaller
    • 17. Their teeth suggest that they are the only cat living today with a direct lineage to the saber toothed cat.
    Saber Toothed Cat Skull
  • 18. Behavior
    • Clouded leopards sleep high in the canopy
    • 19. Although they sleep in the trees they spend most of their waking hour on the ground
    • 20. These leopards are solitary animals, and very elusive
    • 21. Their paws and claws are so strong that the leopards are known to climb upside down, and they can even hang upside down by only their back paws.
  • Behavior Continued….
    • It was believed that these leopards were nocturnal, but recent studies show that they are active during both day and night
    • 22. Although they do not purr they have a wide range of vocalizations
    • 23. They are carnivores and hunt for prey which includes birds, gibbons, squirrels, monkeys, deer, porcupines, and wild boars.
    • 24. They attack their larger prey by an ambush attack. They do this by hanging from a tree and dropping onto the prey where they will then suffocate it.
  • Endangerment
    • Due to their solitary nature there isn’t a known number of animals in the wild, but we do know there aren’t a lot and they are listed as endangered
    • 25. Deforestation is the biggest threat to the leopards
    • 26. Poaching is the second biggest threat to these leopards. They are hunted for their bones to be used in medicines, their meat, their cubs for the exotic pet trade, and for their pelts.
  • Captive Raising
    • Many leopards are raised in captivity, in private sanctuaries, and in zoos
    • 27. Clouded leopards are raised in captivity to help increase the populations
    • 28. Some cubs are taken from their mothers for protection and are hand raised
    • 29. Clouded leopards are considered “Big Cats” which means it is illegal to keep them as pets.
    • 30. Licenses are available for people to raise big cats when they are properly trained, have an enclosure that meets specific requirements, and have qualified veterinary assistance.
    • 31. Breeding in captivity is very rare
  • Breeding
    • Clouded leopards reach breeding age at two years old
    • 32. Their solitary nature causes them to attack other leopards they encounter, including possible mates, so breeding is not as common as we would like
    • 33. Gestation is 85-93 days
    • 34. Females give birth to litters of two to four cubs
    • 35. Clouded leopards can give birth to one litter a year
    • 36. Cubs are born blind and defenseless
    • 37. The cubs spots are filled in when they are born and fade into the adult pattern around the age of six months
    • 38. Cubs become independent at about 10 months
  • Conservation
    • Clouded leopards are listed as endangered species
    • 39. Only 7 leopards have ever been radio collared. They were in Thailand and Nepal
    • 40. Trade of animals, their parts, or products made from their parts in prohibited in the United States
    • 41. Hunting is banned in Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Malaysia, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam
    • 42. Hunting regulations are in place in Lao
    • 43. All of these are poorly enforced, and little is being done to help preserve these animals
  • Zoos in the US that have Clouded leopard exhibits
    • Little Rock Zoological Gardens
    • 44. San Diego Zoo
    • 45. Brandywine Zoo
    • 46. Smithsonian National Zoological Park
    • 47. Naples Zoo at Caribbean Gardens
    • 48. Tampa’s Lowry Park Zoo
    • 49. Miami Metrozoo
    • 50. Central Florida Zoological Park
    • 51. Zoo Atlanta
    • 52. Chicago Zoological Park
    • 53. Mesker Park Zoo
    • 54. Alexandria Zoological Park
    • 55. Audubon Center for Research of Endangered Species
    • 56. Minnesota Zoological Garden
    • 57. Jackson Zoological Park
    • Omaha's Henry DoorlyZoo
    • 58. Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
    • 59. Cleveland MetroparksZoo
    • 60. Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
    • 61. Philadelphia Zoological Garden
    • 62. Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
    • 63. Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
    • 64. The Houston Zoo
    • 65. Ellen Trout Zoo
    • 66. San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarium
    • 67. Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
    • 68. Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
    • 69. Toronto Zoo
    Zoos Continued…
  • 70. References
    http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=giraffe&engine=flickr%20%207-13#
    searched “clouded leopard” pictures on slides 1,2,5,6,7,8,9,12,13,14
    http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=giraffe&engine=flickr%20%207-13#
    searched “Southeast Asia forest” picture on slide 3
    http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=giraffe&engine=flickr%20%207-13#
    searched “deforestation” picture on slide 9
    http://search.creativecommons.org/?q=giraffe&engine=flickr%20%207-13#
    searched “Saber toothed cat”
    http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Clouded_Leopard
    picture on slide 4
    Burnie, D., Wilson, D. (2001). The Smithsonian Institute. Animal, the definitive visual guide to the worlds wild life. U.S.: Dk publishing.
    Christiansen, Per. (2008) "Evolutionary changes in craniomandibular shape in the great cats (Neofelis Griffith and PantheraOken)." Biological Journal of theLinneanSociety, 95.4 766+
    Clouded leopard project, 2003-2008. About the Clouded Leopard, retrieved February 13th2010, from http://www.cloudedleopard.org/default.aspx?link=about_main
    Clouded Leopards, retrieved February 13th 2010, from http://www.panda.org/ what_we_do/endangered_species/clouded_leopard/
    Meiri, Shai, and Georgina M. Mace. (2007) "New taxonomy and the origin of species." PI o S Biology, 5.7 1385+