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A Brief Overview of IELTS

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An introduction to the IELTS test

An introduction to the IELTS test

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A Brief Overview of IELTS A Brief Overview of IELTS Presentation Transcript

  • Howard Burns 052-3485156 howard1@bezeqint.net IELTS Preparation
  • What is IELTS? Test Format and Band Scores Listening Academic Reading Academic Writing Speaking How to Apply Visit WWW for Help Books for IELTS Outlines
  • What is IELTS IELTS is the International English Language Testing System Designed to assess the English language ability of people who intend to study or work where English is the language of communication Total test time 2 hours and 45 minutes excluding brakes
  • Test Format & Band Scores Candidates are tested in Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking
  • Listening, Reading and Writing must be completed in one day without break Speaking can be completed within 7 days before or after the main test day Test Format & Band Scores
  • Test Format & Band Scores IELTS Band Score
  • Listening
  • Listening The listening material is a recording which you will hear only ONCE !! A range of English accents are used At the end, Candidates will be given 10 minutes to transfer the answers onto the answer sheet Spelling is important – can use both British and American spelling Answer sheet has two sides  One for Listening test  One for Reading test Minutes30 Sections04 Items40
  • Listening When count words Prepositions (in, of, to, at, etc) and Articles (a, an, the) all count as a word Each question is worth one mark The problem  Getting lost, losing concentration and missing the next questions The solution  Read ahead and wait – DO NOT GO BACK!! Minutes30 Sections04 Items40
  • Before Listening: Try and read as many questions as you can Read the instructions carefully Decide what you’re listening for Predict the answer Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 Listening
  • Transferring the answer: Transfer the answers in the reverse order. Start from part 4. Double check for spelling, capital letters and sentence agreement. 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items Listening
  • Listening Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 Section 1: Conversation (Two Speakers – based on social and semi-official context – numbers, dates, times, quantities, sizes, places and names) Section 2: Monologue (A talk by a single speaker based on a non- academic situation – welcome, introduction speech, direction and instructions) Section 3: Conversation (2, 3 or 4 speakers - based on academic and administration topics or course-related situations) Section 4: Lecture
  • Listening Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 Types of questions Label the diagram
  • Listening Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 Types of questions Complete the table  must fill all gaps with answers to get one mark
  • Listening Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 Types of questions Fill in the blank  write no more than three words and/or a number for each answer
  • Listening Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 Types of questions Write a short answer  write no more than five words
  • Listening Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 PAYATTENTION !!! In Numbers: ‘00’ sometimes is read as ‘double 0’ instead of ‘zero-zero’ The Last Word Counts: Generalizations:
  • Listening Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 PAYATTENTION !!! For multiple-choice questions
  • Listening Minutes30 Sections04 Items40 PAYATTENTION !!! Copy the Example’s Style Example 1: 55%  means (55%) not (‘55 Percent’ or ‘fifty five percent’) Example 2: First  means (First) not (‘1st’ or ‘1’) Example 3: always write the full version of Prof. June  Professor June
  • Academic Reading
  • Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items All candidates are required to read three texts of between 500 and 900 words each The texts and questions increase in difficulty The answers and transferring the answer to the answer sheet within the 60 minutes (Remember the guy with ZERO score) Each question is worth one mark No penalty for wrong answers Spelling is important - can use both British and American spelling
  • Academic Reading Minutes60 Sections03 Items40 Texts are taken from books, magazines, journals and newspapers, all written for a non-specialist audience At least one of the text contains a detailed argument The problem  Not having enough time The Solution  Time management ‘15-20-25’ rule  (13+2, 18+2, 23+2)
  • Academic Reading Minutes60 Sections03 Items40 Types of questions Summary Completion
  • Minutes60 Sections03 Items40 Academic Reading Types of questions Matching headings to paragraphs
  • Types of questions Identifying the writer’s views Academic Reading Minutes60 Sections03 Items40
  • Types of questions True/False/Not Given PAYATTENTION !!! Each paragraph usually contains an answer to one question. For example, if Q.1 in Paragraph A, then Q.2 will probable be in Paragraph B Academic Reading Minutes60 Sections03 Items40
  • Types of questions Multiple choice Academic Reading Minutes60 Sections03 Items40
  • Types of questions Table completion (using words taken from reading passage) Academic Reading Minutes60 Sections03 Items40
  • Minutes60 Sections03 Items40 Academic Reading Types of questions Matching Causes and Effects
  • Minutes60 Sections03 Items40 Academic Reading Types of questions Sentence Completion (using words taken from the reading passage) Short answer questions
  • Academic Writing
  • Academic Writing Allocate 15 – 20 minutes Task 1 Allocate no less than 40 minutes Task 2 Task 2 is worth more marks Task 1: write description of at least 150 words based on material found in a chart, table, graph or diagram Task 2: essay of at least 250 words in response to a statement or question Minutes60 Sections02 Words400
  • Academic & General Writing Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Task 1 - Tips Do not copy phrases from the question Do not include information not in the graph or picture Do not take more than 20 minutes Do not forget to leave time to check
  • General Writing You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.You live in a room in college which you share with another student. You find it very difficult to work there because he or she always has friends visiting. They have parties in the room and sometimes borrow your things without asking you. Write a letter to the Accommodation Officer at the college and ask for a new room next term. You would prefer a single room. Explain your reasons.You should write at least 150 words. You do NOT need to write your own address. Begin your letter as follows: Dear Sir/Madam, Task 1 - Example
  • General Writing Task 1 - Example model answer 1: Dear Sir/Madam, I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with my room-mate. As your know we share one room, I can not study in the room at all any more if I still stay there. She always has friend visiting and has parties in the room. They make lots of noise and switch on the radio very loudly, for me this environment is very difficult to study and I need a quiet room. Even borrows my things without asking, it is very impolite. I request you can give me a new room next term because I have been asked her has parties in other place many times they still have parties in the room. I really can not stay in the same room with her. I would be grateful if you could change me a single room.
  • General Writing Task 1 - Example EXAMINER COMMENT: (Band 5)The answer is below the word limit and there is some repetition of the task rubric. (Length is a common problem in General Training scripts). Answers that are short lose marks because there is insufficient material in the answer for the examiner to give credit for accuracy and coherence. Despite these problems, the introduction to the letter is appropriate and the purpose of the writer is clear. The points are not always linked together well and punctuation is sometimes faulty. The sentences are kept quite simple and mistakes occur as soon as more complex structures are attempted.
  • model answer 2: Dear Sir/Madam, I am writing you to express my dissatisfaction with my roommate and request for another accommodation next term. My main problem is that I cannot study in my room because my roommate always has friends visiting. He also has parties which usually end early in the morning, several times a week. Furthermore, he often borrows my things without asking me. I cannot accept this situation any longer. Especially because I have very important exams next term and I really must study hard. This is why I would be very grateful if I could have another room next term. It would be most convenient for me not having to share my room with someone else. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. Your faithfully, General Writing • Task 1 - Example
  • • EXAMINER COMMENT: (Band 7)The answer is also short. Although ideas are often provided in the task • rubric, candidates are at liberty to include some of their own ideas in their answers. In this case, the candidate has • attempted to incorporate some original material. The answer reads quite fluently, is well organised and there is good use • of conjunctions to link points. There are some grammatical errors but these do not affect the reader greatly and there is • evidence of some more complex sentence structures. General Writing Task 1 - Example
  • Academic Writing Task 1 - Examples Flow Chart Bar Chart/Bar Graph Pie Chart Graph Diagram Table
  • Academic Writing Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Task 1 – The Language of Change
  • Academic Writing Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Task 1 – The Language of Change
  • Academic Writing Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Task 1 – The Language of Change
  • Academic Writing Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Task 1 – The Language of Change
  • Academic Writing Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Task 1 – The Language of Change
  • Academic Writing Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Task 1 – The Language of Change
  • Academic Writing Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Task 1 – The Language of Change
  • D B Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Academic Writing Task 1 (Example) You should spend about 20 minutes on this task The graph below gives information about changes in the birth and death rates in New Zealand between 1901 and 2101 Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below
  • The graph shows changes in the birth and death rates in New Zealand since 1901, and forecasts trends up until 2101 Between 1901 and the present day, the birth rate has been consistently higher than the death rate. It stood at 20,000 at the start of this period and increased to a peak of 66,000 in 1961. Since then, the rate has fluctuated between 65 and 50 thousand and it is expected to decline slowly to around 45,000 births by the end of the century In contrast, the death rate started below 10,000 and has increased steadily until the present time. This increase is expected to be more rapid between 2021 and 2051 when the rate will probably level off at around 60,000 before dropping slightly in 2101 Overall, these opposing trends mean that the death rate will probably overtake the birth rate in around 2041 and the large gap between the two levels will be reversed in the later part of this century IntroductionMainBodyConclusion Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Academic Writing
  • Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Academic Writing Task 2 - Tips Study question carefully Underline key points Quickly brainstorm the topic Decide on the main points and supporting details Organise points in a plan Structure according to the type of essay
  • Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Academic Writing Task 2 - Types Arguments Advantages and Disadvantages Problems and Solutions
  • Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Academic Writing Task 2 – Strength of Claim
  • Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Academic Writing Task 2 – Examples of Different Structures
  • Minutes60 Sections02 Words400 Academic Writing Task 2 (Example) You should spend about 40 minutes on this task Dealing with juvenile delinquency  Youth Crime  Low Class in  Inner City Areas  Custody  Approved School and Remand School  Community Service  Punishment  Behaviour  Attitude
  • Speaking
  • Speaking Time: 11 – 14 minutes Individual oral interview (Three Parts) All Speaking tests are recorded How the speaking component is assessed Fluency and Coherence Vocabulary Grammatical Range and Accuracy Pronunciation Transition signals
  • Speaking When you enter the exam room: Smile and act confident Look at the examiner in the eyes Confidently introduce yourself Eliminate nervous gestures Wear smart clothing Remember !!! Speak clearly Project your voice Avoid repeating phrases Always say more than Yes or No !!
  • Part 1 (Introduction) This section of the test lasts 4-5 minutes and in it you may need to give longer answers to questions to ensure you display your best ability Speaking
  • Part 2 (Individual Talk) Candidate is given a verbal prompt on a card and is asked to talk on a particular topic. 1 minute preparation time before speaking at length for up to 2 minutes The examiner then asks 1 or 2 rounding-off questions Speaking
  • Part 3 (Discussion Topics) The examiner and candidate engage in a discussion of more abstract issue and concepts which are linked to the topic in Part 2 The discussion lasts between 4 and 5 minutes Speaking
  • Part 3 (Discussion Topics) Examples: Can you tell me more about that? Please explain ?  Yes, that would be fine  Well, the first thing/idea that comes to mind is ...... You mentioned ... Why do you say that?  Actually, that is difficult question to answer; nevertheless, in my opinion ...... Speaking
  • Speaking Part 3 (Discussion Topics) Be prepared to speculate about the future
  • How to Apply An application form Bring your original valid passport Two photos (passport size) and the background must be white or light blue only The IELTS test fee
  • Visit WWW for help Howard’s IELTS page: http://toeflhaifa.blogspot.co.il/2009/11/ielts-links.html IELTS Academic Reading help www.cambridgeesol.org/teach/ielts/academic_reading IELTS Writing help www.cambridgeesol.org/teach/ielts/academic_writing IELTS listening help www.cambridgeesol.org/teach/ielts/listening IELTS speaking help http://www.cambridgeesol.org/teach/ielts/speaking
  • Books for IELTS Recommended study materials for students who want an IELTS score of 6.5 or higher
  • Thank you & Good Luck Howard Burns 052-3485156 howard1@014.net.il