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Transcript

  • 1. Visual Impairment and Blindness
  • 2. Eye Conditions
    • Macular Degeneration - Age related Macular degeneration (AMD) is a retinal degenerate disease that causes a progressive loss of central vision. Most common cause of vision loss of people over the age of 55.
    • Rentisis Pigmentosa - Photo receptor cells gradually die. An inherited disease. Appears in childhood and adolescence.
    • Stargardt Disease - Juvenile form of Macular Degeneration. Death of photoreceptor cells in the central portion of the retina called the macular.
    • Usher Syndrome - an inherited condition characterized by hearing impairment and progressive vision loss. Balance is sometimes also affected.
  • 3. Blindness
    • Some or no vision at all.
    • Some legally blind people can still see.
    • Blindness can be inherited or genetic.
    • Blindness can also occur from an accident.
    • Certain diseases can also lead to blindness
    • Vision tests can be given to an infant to check for visual impariment or blindness.
  • 4. Learning
    • An infant who is blind can still develop normally.
    • There are learning programs designed for children with visual impairments where they make the most of the other 4 senses.
    • Children will learn to read Braille
    • Different devices can be used to read out loud what the child needs to study. i.e. Dynovox, Kurzweil
    • Kurzweil Educational Systems. Scans text documents onto a computer where the computer will read out loud everything that is on the page.
    • Sight and therapy dogs can be assigned.
    • There are schools for the blind.
    • Schooling for blind children go from ages 3-21 but some can go further
  • 5. School for the blind
    • Video
  • 6. The Seeing Eye
    • The oldest existing eye dog school in the world.
    • Classes are offered to the blind or visually impaired to learn how to travel with a Seeing Eye dog.
    • Goal: to increase the independence and dignity of people who are blind. To educate the public about the use of guide dogs.
    • Located in Morristown NJ
  • 7. Treatments
    • Eye exams are the best way to detect a visual impairment.
    • Different treatments and clinical trials are going on for all types of visual impairments.
    • Antibiotics or corrective glasses can be used.
    • Surgeries are available as well.
    • Occupational Therapy, Vision aids, and Orientation and Mobility training.
  • 8. Cures
    • There are many different surgeries to help with different visual impairments.
    • Full sight may not come back but partial sight.
    • Special glasses and contact lenses can sometimes be a big help.
    • Recent studies have linked stem cell contacts to reversing blindness.
    • Some damage is so great it can never be reversed.
  • 9.
    • Information sources
    • http://www.blindness.org/
    • http://www.mychildwithoutlimits.org/?page=treatment-for-vision-loss
    • http://www.kurzweiltech.com/kesi.html
    • http://www.seeingeye.org/?gclid=CL_fj8u--KsCFYTe4AodWxdLkQ
    • Pictures-
    • http://www.overpill.com/2009/12/24/stem-cell-therapy-cures-mans-blindness/
    • http://writenow.wordpress.com/2007/09/27/guide-horse/
    • http://www.funfactory.spruz.com/pt/Earth-Keeper-Archangel-Metatron---Animal-Consciousness-The-Divinity-of-Cats--Dogs---through-James-Tyberonn/blog.htm