Plagiarism (from Latin plagiare "to kidnap") is the practice of claiming, or implying, original authorship or incorporating material from someone else's written or creative work, in whole or in part, into one’s own without adequate acknowledgment
While plagiarism in scholarship and journalism has a centuries-old history, the development of the Internet , where articles appear as electronic text, has made the physical act of copying the work of others much easier.
19.2 Collusion is taken to mean unauthorised collaboration to produce individually assessed work, without acknowledgement to those who have contributed to the work. It is distinct from authorised collaboration on projects which is strongly encouraged.
19.3 Plagiarism is the passing off by one person of another person’s work, without acknowledgement to the original author. Any material used in a piece of work which is not original MUST be acknowledged to the original author in the approved format, or it will be treated as plagiarism, which is regarded as an extremely serious academic offence amounting to theft of ideas. Such material may be text or image, and may be derived from published or unpublished work, from any source (e.g. books, journals, newspapers, the internet, fellow students’ notes etc.).
Plagiarism and cheating by today's cut-and-paste generation of university students will never be stamped out unless lecturers stop spoon-feeding them a diet of handouts and PowerPoint presentations, a leading academic said yesterday.
Frean, A (2006) 'Plagiarism 'is fault of indulgent lecturers'', The Times [Online]. Available at: www.thetimesonline.co.uk/article/0,,3561-2409036.html (Accessed: 19 October 2006).
Plagiarism can also occur unconsciously; in some cultures certain forms of plagiarism are accepted because the concept can be interpreted differently.
Respondents with educational experience in Europe viewed some aspects of collaborative working as serious offences whereas those with experience in Asia (India and Pakistan) viewed these as minor or not serious.
David Smith Sunday February 26, 2006 The Observer Dan Brown, whose tale of clerical conspiracy and murder has become the bestselling hardback adult novel of all time, is accused of plundering his plot from a non-fiction work called The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail
Whole sections of Ibrahim Al-Marashi's writings on "Saddam's Special Security Organisation" were repeated verbatim including typographical errors , while certain amendments were made to strengthen the tone of the alleged findings (eg. "monitoring foreign embassies in Iraq" became "spying on foreign embassies in Iraq").
The 1922 film Nosferatu was an unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stoker 's novel Dracula . Stoker's widow sued the producers of Nosferatu, and had many of the film's copies destroyed (although some remain)
New York Times reporter Jayson Blair plagiarized articles and manufactured quotations in stories, including stories regarding Jessica Lynch and the Beltway sniper attacks . He and several editors from the Times resigned in June 2003
A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including: information about the author, the title of the work, the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source, the date your copy was published, the page numbers of the material you are borrowing