The Chinese Jingpin Kecheng project
                     – a story of lending and borrowing, or international
            ...
PD Wikimedia Commons




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http://catspahamas1.chainreactionweb.com/catalog
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fhsst main




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memorable cases




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ou learninng space




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doaj




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OpenLib frontpage




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Tuesday, March 16, 2010
How do we understand the spread of Open
                          Educational Resource projects?




Tuesday, March 16, 20...
Narrowing the focus:
                          focusing on institutional projects
                          using OCW as a...
MIT News: http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2001/ocwfund.html




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
mit ocw main




                               24




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mit ocw course




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dscribe




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ocwc members




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universia




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saudi arab ocw




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saudi arabia textbook




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tec de monter course




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paris tech course




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ou netherland




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ou salamanca




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So why did it spread to certain countries, and not
                          to others?




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
What kind of a “thing” is OCW?




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OCW as a norm




                                          CC BY allygirl520 @ flickr




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free software




                                6




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http://fusionanomaly.net/informationwantstobefree.html




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PD English Wikipedia




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How can we analyze the spread of a norm?




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
How can we analyze the spread of a norm?



                          Finnemore & Sikkink: the life-cycle of norms

      ...
OCW as an policy innovation




                                                        CC BY txd @ flickr
Tuesday, March 1...
Universities working together to advance education and
                                                                   ...
Universities working together to advance education and
                                                empower people worl...
Universities working together to advance education and
                                                  empower people wo...
Universities working together to advance education and
                                                  empower people wo...
Universities working together to advance education and
                                                 empower people wor...
How can we analyze the spread of a policy innovation?




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
How can we analyze the spread of a policy innovation?



                     David Phillips: policy attraction

         ...
OCW in East Asia




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ou chiaotung




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chiatung course




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ou korea




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keio ocw




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Institutionalism




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Institutionalism



                          Meyer & Ramirez: convergence

                          Large quantitative a...
Mainland China




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course 2 p2




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
So what is this thing?
                          How does it work?




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Features of the Chinese OER project




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Features of the Chinese OER project



                     selective and competitive

                     three levels (...
Purposes




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Purposes


                     induce full professors to teach undergraduate courses

                     encourage prof...
Lanzhou City University                       School gave certain amount of funding

      case study                     ...
Honor          JPKC diploma




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Evolution over time
                          2003-2007, 2007-2010




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Quality Project
                                   (          )
                          The OER project is a key part of...
jingpinke main




                                69




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jingpinke course




                                 70




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
OK, so it’s quite different from the other OCW
                          courses. But it’s inspired by MIT right?
        ...
[...]
      It was in September 2003 at the International OpenCourseWare Forum in
      Beijing that a group of attendees ...
CORE's objective is to introduce high-quality courseware from top-ranked
      universities around the world employing inn...
2004 would witness further adoption of the OCW concept, primarily in Japan,
     France and China, with some early adopter...
There are active OER initiatives at colleges and universities around the world:

    Over 150 universities in China partic...
76




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
core main




                              77




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mit zh couse




                               78




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79




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T
                          e
                          x
                          t




                              ht...
http://
 www.jpkcnet.com/
 new/zhengce/
 Announces_detail.as
 p?Announces_ID=13

Tuesday, March 16, 2010
http://
 www.jpkcnet.com/
 new/zhengce/
 Announces_detail.as
 p?Announces_ID=13

Tuesday, March 16, 2010
So, it wasn’t MIT... Then how did they get the idea?




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/onlinestuff/snot/~/media/818B16FC66D44386927D789A9280BA5D.ashx?db=master
Tuesday, March 16...
Not quite like lightning from a blue sky




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Not quite like lightning from a blue sky



                course teams, course evaluations go way back, from the Soviet ...
http://news.tsinghua.edu.cn/new/news.php?id=12868




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
To conclude




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
To conclude



                something that has a very different purpose, organizational model, than
                MIT...
87




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
88




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Lending and borrowing




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Lending and borrowing



                          Steiner-Khamsi: the discourse of borrowing

                          J...
What does the future hold?




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
What does the future hold?



                          New cycle in 2011?

                          Education Plan 2010-...
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
The Peer2Peer University




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Tuesday, March 16, 2010
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Courses - March 2010




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Courses - March 2010



                     Introduction to Finance & Economics
                     Cidadania e Redes Di...
Research possibilities




Tuesday, March 16, 2010
Research possibilities



                          Motivation, retention rates

                          Actual learning...
Thank you!

                          shaklev@gmail.com
                          http://reganmian.net/blog
              ...
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The Chinese Jingpin Kecheng project - a story of lending and borrowing, or international misunderstanding?

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Talk on how we can look at the spread of OER from a comparative perspective, with a special focus on the Chinese Jingpin Kecheng (OER) project. Shanghai Jiaotong University E-Learning Lab, 16/3/2010. MP3 recording: http://www.archive.org/details/TheChineseJingpinKechengProject-AStoryOfLendingAndBorrowingOr

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The Chinese Jingpin Kecheng project - a story of lending and borrowing, or international misunderstanding?

  1. 1. The Chinese Jingpin Kecheng project – a story of lending and borrowing, or international misunderstanding? CC BY cmaccubbin @ flickr by Stian Håklev, OISE, University of Toronto CC BY @ SJTU E-Learning Lab, Shanghai, 16/3/2010 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  2. 2. PD Wikimedia Commons Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  3. 3. http://catspahamas1.chainreactionweb.com/catalog Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  4. 4. fhsst main 4 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  5. 5. memorable cases 5 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  6. 6. OLI CMU mainpage Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  7. 7. openlearn 7 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  8. 8. ou learninng space 8 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  9. 9. nptel youtube 9 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  10. 10. IIT Youtube Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  11. 11. egyankosh yt 11 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  12. 12. egyan tsp list 12 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  13. 13. egyan tsp course 13 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  14. 14. egyan book 14 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  15. 15. wikieducator 15 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  16. 16. wikiversity main 16 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  17. 17. wikipedia 17 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  18. 18. doaj 18 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  19. 19. OpenLib frontpage Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  20. 20. 20 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  21. 21. How do we understand the spread of Open Educational Resource projects? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  22. 22. Narrowing the focus: focusing on institutional projects using OCW as a case Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  23. 23. MIT News: http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2001/ocwfund.html Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  24. 24. mit ocw main 24 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  25. 25. mit ocw course 25 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  26. 26. dscribe 26 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  27. 27. ocwc members 27 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  28. 28. universia 28 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  29. 29. saudi arab ocw 29 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  30. 30. saudi arabia textbook 30 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  31. 31. tec de monter course 31 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  32. 32. paris tech course 32 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  33. 33. ou netherland 33 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  34. 34. ou salamanca 34 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  35. 35. So why did it spread to certain countries, and not to others? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  36. 36. What kind of a “thing” is OCW? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  37. 37. OCW as a norm CC BY allygirl520 @ flickr Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  38. 38. free software 6 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  39. 39. http://fusionanomaly.net/informationwantstobefree.html Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  40. 40. PD English Wikipedia Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  41. 41. How can we analyze the spread of a norm? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  42. 42. How can we analyze the spread of a norm? Finnemore & Sikkink: the life-cycle of norms Women’s suffrage, land-mine ban Realist vs. constructivist view of international system Norm entrepreneurs Organizational platform Forming vocabulary, change in identity and motivation Tipping point: 1/3 of all participants (states)? Institutionalization Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  43. 43. OCW as an policy innovation CC BY txd @ flickr Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  44. 44. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Recruitment • A 2005 Poll showed that 50% of incoming MIT students were aware of MIT OCW. • 35% of those students based their choice of MIT at least in part on their experience of MIT OCW • By mid OCW Consortium Toolkit http://www.ocwconsortium.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=33&Itemid= March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 43 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  45. 45. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Recruitment • Builds a prior academic relationship with bright, motivated students, their families, their teachers and their advisors • Showcases key departments, faculty and courses March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 44 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  46. 46. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Reputation An OCW site can showcase areas of excellence in our university, such as name specific programs. Heightened awareness of these programs not only will attract talented students and faculty to our school but also will increase the visibility of our faculty within their disciplines. March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 45 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  47. 47. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Retention An OCW site provides students with the potential for self-paced review of study materials before, during and after taking a course. Such review greatly increases a student’s chances of success in both that course and subsequent courses which build upon its teachings. March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 46 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  48. 48. Universities working together to advance education and empower people worldwide through opencourseware. Connecting with Your University’s Goals —Advising The ability to view OCW materials prior to enrollment allows students to make more informed choices about which courses and majors are right for them. Likewise, advisors will be able to base their recommendations on concrete information about courses, their requirements and their benefits. March 15, 2010 Open Sharing, Global Benefits 47 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  49. 49. How can we analyze the spread of a policy innovation? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  50. 50. How can we analyze the spread of a policy innovation? David Phillips: policy attraction more likely to borrow in time of upheaval, change or great crisis Mintrom & Vergari: policy networks investigating policy on school choice in US states - what causes similarity? closeness of states, or similar attributes? no, attending the same conferences! The role of MIT, and MIT’s faculty, international conferences, organizations (OCW Consortium, CCLearn/CC, UNESCO IIEP) Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  51. 51. OCW in East Asia Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  52. 52. 50 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  53. 53. ou chiaotung 51 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  54. 54. chiatung course 52 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  55. 55. 53 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  56. 56. ou korea 54 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  57. 57. 55 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  58. 58. keio ocw 56 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  59. 59. Institutionalism Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  60. 60. Institutionalism Meyer & Ramirez: convergence Large quantitative analyses of educational systems Every aspect of education is becoming more similar, one model is becoming institutionalized. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  61. 61. Mainland China Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  62. 62. course 2 p2 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  63. 63. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  64. 64. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  65. 65. So what is this thing? How does it work? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  66. 66. Features of the Chinese OER project Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  67. 67. Features of the Chinese OER project selective and competitive three levels (campus, province, national) teaching teams both content and method financial support, requirement to make course available online for five years three kinds: undergraduate, vocational, and online courses Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  68. 68. Purposes Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  69. 69. Purposes induce full professors to teach undergraduate courses encourage professors to use more technology in their teaching encourage formation of teaching teams, rethinking of course material and teaching methods courses function as “models” for other professors (course material used directly by students?) Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  70. 70. Lanzhou City University School gave certain amount of funding case study Clear philosophy: Construction of CQOCW will improve quality of Have already been evaluating best courses all courses internally since 2003. Developed system of Not just about putting old courses online, but indicators of course quality rethink content, teaching methodology, etc. Issue announcement, meeting of heads of Internal committee to evaluate courses, then departments invited 20 external experts - used online material, also sat in on classes Teaching committee to identify basic and advanced courses they could apply for In the end, 11 courses were selected for provincial CQOCW Brought teachers together with computer department ( , ) Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  71. 71. Honor JPKC diploma Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  72. 72. Evolution over time 2003-2007, 2007-2010 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  73. 73. Quality Project ( ) The OER project is a key part of the Quality Project, but it’s not the only part: The program targets 1000 universities with 10 million FT students, and will cost approximately USD $365 million. Targets: Help 3000 professors and administrators to develop peer training exchanges Select 1000 national-level teaching teams Give awards to 500 top national teachers Develop 500 experimental teaching centers 500 individual talent development and creativity areas 500 high quality bilingual classes Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  74. 74. jingpinke main 69 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  75. 75. jingpinke course 70 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  76. 76. OK, so it’s quite different from the other OCW courses. But it’s inspired by MIT right? How did it all begin? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  77. 77. [...] It was in September 2003 at the International OpenCourseWare Forum in Beijing that a group of attendees including Prof Dick K.P. Yue, Ms Ann Margulies, Dr Catherine Casserly, Dr Marshall Smith, representatives of 26 IET member universities, presidents of 67 pilot universities for long-distance education and administrators from 44 China Radio and TV Universities decided that they could meet the opportunity and the challenge presented with a powerful movement, which would promote closer interaction and open sharing of educational resources between China and the world. This movement was called China Open Resources for Education (CORE) and it was inspired, initiated and supported by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Chinese Ministry of Education (MOE) and all the member universities in China and abroad. http://olnet.org/node/190 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  78. 78. CORE's objective is to introduce high-quality courseware from top-ranked universities around the world employing innovative technologies, methodologies and content for teaching and learning. Its mission focuses on providing a framework for Chinese-speaking universities to participate in the shared, global network of courseware with leading universities for all over the world and to assist in making the use of open educational resources more global and mainstream. In 2008, the total number of Chinese Quality OpenCourseWare (CQOCW) made available online exceed 1,800 at the national level, 5,000 at the provincial level and 10,000 at the university level. The CQOCW includes course notes, syllabus, assignments, lectures in audio or video format among others. The courses are translated into Mandarin with the help of expert translators for use by Chinese universitie http://olnet.org/node/190 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  79. 79. 2004 would witness further adoption of the OCW concept, primarily in Japan, France and China, with some early adopter institutions emerging in the United States. [...] In 2004 collaboration between the Chinese Ministry of Education and MIT's translation partner CORE would lead to the launch of the China Quality OpenCourseWare project, an effort to openly publish the best courses from across the Chinese higher education system. By mid-2005, materials from more than 500 Chinese courses were available through the CORE site. This collection of courseware has now grown to over 1600 total courses, some of which are now being translated into English by the CORE team. Carson, S. (2009). The unwalled garden: growth of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, 2001-2008. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 24(1): Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  80. 80. There are active OER initiatives at colleges and universities around the world: Over 150 universities in China participate in the China Open Resources for Education initiative, with over 450 courses online. http://www.core.org.cn/cn/ jpkc/index_en.html [...] http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/19/26/36224377.pdf Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  81. 81. 76 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  82. 82. core main 77 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  83. 83. mit zh couse 78 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  84. 84. 79 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  85. 85. T e x t http://www.core.org.cn/en/conferences/beijing_2003.htm Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  86. 86. http:// www.jpkcnet.com/ new/zhengce/ Announces_detail.as p?Announces_ID=13 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  87. 87. http:// www.jpkcnet.com/ new/zhengce/ Announces_detail.as p?Announces_ID=13 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  88. 88. So, it wasn’t MIT... Then how did they get the idea? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  89. 89. http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/onlinestuff/snot/~/media/818B16FC66D44386927D789A9280BA5D.ashx?db=master Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  90. 90. Not quite like lightning from a blue sky Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  91. 91. Not quite like lightning from a blue sky course teams, course evaluations go way back, from the Soviet Union? 985 - evaluate the best universities (peer-review) and the key disciplines evaluating best courses: natural next step push for increase in use of computers in higher ed already from early 1990’s (evidence from interviews) Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  92. 92. http://news.tsinghua.edu.cn/new/news.php?id=12868 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  93. 93. To conclude Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  94. 94. To conclude something that has a very different purpose, organizational model, than MIT OCW but happens at around the same time the output looks quite similar no official information in English but a Chinese organization working with MIT, and the misunderstanding that it’s the same thing Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  95. 95. 87 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  96. 96. 88 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  97. 97. Lending and borrowing Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  98. 98. Lending and borrowing Steiner-Khamsi: the discourse of borrowing Jürgen Schriewer: Ausland als Argument In the Chinese example? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  99. 99. What does the future hold? Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  100. 100. What does the future hold? New cycle in 2011? Education Plan 2010-2020: less focus on distance ed for degrees, more focus on life-long learning and continuing ed. Encouraging reuse of the resources Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  101. 101. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  102. 102. The Peer2Peer University Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  103. 103. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  104. 104. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  105. 105. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  106. 106. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  107. 107. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  108. 108. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  109. 109. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  110. 110. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  111. 111. Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  112. 112. Courses - March 2010 Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  113. 113. Courses - March 2010 Introduction to Finance & Economics Cidadania e Redes Digitais Civic Hacking Climate Resilient Cities Copyright for Educators, Cycle 2 Creative Nonfiction Writing V2.0: Exploring Conflict through Open Writing - Mar Green Action: Creating Sustainable Communities Intro ao Pensamento de Paulo Freire Intro to Concepts in Behavioral Economics and Decision Making Introduction to Cyberpunk Literature Kitchen Science Managing Election Campaigns Mashing Up The Open Web Music Theory 1 Solve Anything! Building Ideas through Design Transformational Art; The Mural Project Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  114. 114. Research possibilities Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  115. 115. Research possibilities Motivation, retention rates Actual learning happening Accessibility to different learners Link between iterations of courses Pathways to formal accreditation Alternative ways of demonstrating learning Tuesday, March 16, 2010
  116. 116. Thank you! shaklev@gmail.com http://reganmian.net/blog CC BY Tuesday, March 16, 2010
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