History Eurasia was established after the Second World War (1939–45) Eurasia does not include the British Empire because the US annexed it, Latin America, southern Africa, Australasia, and Canada, thus establishing Oceania and gaining control a quarter of the planet. Eastasia, the last superstate established, comprises the Asian lands conquered by China and Japan.
The Book The Theory and Practice of Oligarchic Collectivism by Emmanuel Goldstein explains that each state is so strong it cannot be defeated, even with the combined forces of two super-states—despite changing alliances. history is re-written to explain that the “new” alliance always was so "The book" explains that the purpose of the unwinnable, perpetual war to consume human labor and commodities hence the economy of a super-state cannot support a high standard of life for every citizen.
The War There is a perpetual war between Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia, the super-states which emerged from the atomic global war. The war is fought in the arctic wastes and a disputed zone comprising the sea and land from Tangiers (northern Africa) to Darwin (Australia).
Ingsoc English Socialism The ruling ideology and pseudo-Philosophy of Oceania Newspeak is its official language Ruling Power: Big Brother
Big Brother Enigmatic dictator of Oceania the ruling elite ('the Party') wield total power for its own sake over the inhabitants.
Government Oceania's four government ministries are in pyramids (300 meters high), the façades of which display the Party's three slogans. The ministries' names are antonymous doublethink to their true functions: "The Ministry of Peace concerns itself with war, the Ministry of Truth with lies, the Ministry of Love with torture and the Ministry of Plenty with starvation".
Ministeries Ministry of Peace (Newspeak: Minipax) Minipaxreports Oceania's perpetual war. The primary aim of modern warfare is to use up the products of the machine without raising the general standard of living. Ministry of Plenty (Newspeak: Miniplenty) The Ministry of Plenty rations and controls food, goods, and domestic production; every fiscal quarter, the Miniplenty publishes false claims of having raised the standard of living, when it has, in fact, reduced rations, availability, and production.
Ministeries Ministry of Truth (Newspeak: Minitrue) The Ministry of Truth controls information: news, entertainment, education, and the arts. Winston Smith works in the MinitrueRecDep (Records Department), "rectifying" historical records to concord with Big Brother's current pronouncements, thus everything the Party says is true. Ministry of Love (Newspeak: Miniluv) The Ministry of Love identifies, monitors, arrests, and converts real and imagined dissidents. In Winston's experience, the dissident is beaten and tortured, then, when near-broken, is sent to Room 101 to face "the worst thing in the world"—until love for Big Brother and the Party replaces dissension.
Living Standards the society of Airstrip One lives in poverty; hunger, disease and filth are the norms and ruined cities and towns the consequence of the civil war, the atomic wars. When travelling rubble, social decay and wrecked buildings surround, little of London was rebuilt. The standard of living is low almost everything is scarce and available goods are of low quality half of the Oceanian populace go barefoot—despite the Party reporting increased boot production. The Party defend the poverty as a necessary sacrifice for the war effort; "the book" reports that partly correct, because the purpose of perpetual war is consuming surplus industrial production.
Living Standards The Inner Party upper class of Oceanian society enjoy the highest standard of living. Despite the Inner Party's high standard of living, the quality of their life is inferior to pre–Revolution standards. Regarding the lower class, the Party treat the Proles as animals they live in poverty and are kept sedated with cheap beer, pornography, and a national lottery. The Proles are freer than the members of the Party and are less intimidated than the middle class Outer Party; they jeer at the telescreens.