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Grade 10 Unit 1 SS1
 

Grade 10 Unit 1 SS1

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    Grade 10 Unit 1 SS1 Grade 10 Unit 1 SS1 Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 1: Fiction and Nonfiction Applying the Big Question
    • VocabularyComprehend Confirm Context Differentiate Discern Evaluate Objective Subjective Concrete EvidenceImprobable Perception Reality Uncertainty Verify
    • ELEMENTS OF FICTION AND NONFICTIONIn fiction, an author tells of imaginary characters and events.In nonfiction, an author discusses facts or general ideas.
    • Comparison of Fiction and Nonfiction Fiction NonfictionPortrays imaginary people or animals Gives factual information about real peopleDescribes a series of interrelated events Gives factual information about real events and processesDepicts struggles between opposing forces Tells of actual conflicts and real worldexperienced by the characters problems(two types)Told from the perspective of an imaginary May be told from the POV of the author orspeaker may be written from a neutral POV(two POV)Takes place in a real or imaginary time and Provides factual information about realplace including belief and customs times, places, or culturesOften suggest an insight to life Often focuses on a key concept
    • Major Forms of Fiction• Novels- long works of fiction. – Elements included- characters, plot, conflict, and setting. – In addition to the main plot a novel may contain one or more subplots, or independent related stories.• Novellas- shorter than novels but longer than short stories• Short Stories- brief works of fiction. – Same elements as novels and novellas but tend to focus on one main plot with a single conflict.
    • Major Forms of Nonfiction
    • Determining Theme in FictionImplied Theme Refinement of Theme• Character’s Actions • Implied Theme• Character’s Experience • Introduction to Theme • Reinforcing Detail • Refining Details
    • Determining Central Ideas in Nonfiction• Central Ideas: Key Concepts• Thesis Statement/ Topic Sentence – Purpose • Inform, Persuade, Entertain
    • Close Read: Theme in Fiction Literary Elements as Clues to Theme
    • Close Read: Theme in Fiction Literary Elements as Clues to Theme
    • Close Read: Theme in Fiction Literary Elements as Clues to Theme
    • Close Read: Nonfiction Clues to Central Idea
    • Close Read: Nonfiction Support for Central Idea
    • “Monkey’s Paw” By W.W. Jacobs
    • Vocabulary: The Monkey’s Paw• Dubiously • Aghast• Haste • Apparel• Persisted • Coincidence• Preoccupied • Consequences• Pursued • Impressive• Torrent • Sinister• Unnecessary • Talisman• Virtues• Absentmindedly
    • “The Leap”By Louise Erdrich
    • Vocabulary: The Leap• Anticipation • Boredom• Associate • Calculated• Carelessly • Collide• Collapsed • Extension• Culprit • Precision• Drama • Sequence• Overcoming • Sequined• Radiance • Version
    • Literary Analysis: Plot and ForeshadowingA plot is the sequence of related events in a story. A typical plot revolves arounda conflict—a struggle between opposing forces—and follows a pattern like theone shown in the diagram below. Elements of plot include the following: • Exposition: background on the characters and situation • Rising action: events that intensify the conflict • Climax: highest point of story tension at which outcome of conflict is revealed • Falling action: events following climax • Resolution: remaining issues resolved; conclusions or insights revealed by narrator Writers use various techniques to add tension to a story. One technique isforeshadowing—giving details that hint at upcoming events.To provide background on characters and their experiences, some authors useflashback, an interruption in the plot to describe an action of the past. After theflashback, the story returns to the present time of the action.
    • Using the Strategy: Plot DiagramUse a diagram like the one here to help you track the plot of the story. Climax Resolution ExpositionReading Skill: Make PredictionsA prediction is a logical idea about what will happen. To make predictions, payattention to story details and use your prior knowledge. • Use knowledge of stories with similar plots to help you predict events. • Use knowledge of human nature to help you predict how characters will act.
    • Using the Big QuestionPeople may try to verify truth by___________.
    • Using the Big QuestionDecisions that people make can affect the realityof their lives by __________.The choices people make can have concreteeffects in ____________.
    • “Occupation: Conductorette” By Maya Angelou
    • “Occupation: Conductorette” VocabularyDexterous Dingy HyprocrisyIndignation Self-sufficiency Supercilious
    • Reading Skill: Make PredictionsAs you read, make predictions, or develop ideas, about what will happen next.These predictions can be based on details in the text combined with your ownbackground and experiences. You can check your predictions as you read. • Revise, or adjust, your predictions as you gather more information. • Verify, or confirm, predictions by comparing the outcome you predicted to the actual outcome. To help you make, verify, and revise predictions, ask questions such as “Whydid that happen?” and “What will be the result?”Using the Strategy: Prediction ChartRecord your questions on a prediction chart like this one. Prediction Revise Verify or Revise What will What What actually happen? changes? happens?
    • Literary Analysis: Author’s PerspectiveThe author’s perspective in a literary work includes the judgments, attitudes,and experiences the author brings to the subject. An author’s perspectivedetermines which details he or she includes, as in these examples: • A writer with firsthand experience of an event might report his or her own reactions as well as generally known facts. • A writer with a positive view of a subject may emphasize its benefits. A work may combine several perspectives. For example, a writer may tell whatit felt like to live through an event. In addition, the writer may express his or herpresent views of the experience. As you read, look for details that suggest theauthor’s perspective.
    • Predict: What willHappen? Revise: What Changes? Verify: What Actually Happens?
    • Author’s Perspective Types of Details Examples of Each IncludedResearched FactsPersonal ExperienceOpinionsAttitudes
    • Informational Text
    • Informational Text
    • Informational Text
    • Comparing Literary Works
    • Comparing Literary Works• Diction>• Syntax>
    • Comparing Literary Works Diction Syntax Example Example Effect Effect
    • Comparing Literary Works Anderson Marion Tepeyac
    • Comparing Literary Works• Langston Hughes (1902-1967) – Harlem Renaissances • Dreams Deferred• Sandra Cisneros (1954-) – House on Mango Street
    • Comparing Literary Works• Before you Read – Big Question: • One person’s perception of the truth can be challenged when…