CYBERBULLYING Kathleen A. Melvin, M.S. Weapon of mass social destruction (Wiseman,2009)
Defined as aggressive behaviors that occur using electronic media. (Dooley,Pytzalski, Cross, 2009)
Bullying vs. Cyberbullying (Wiseman,2009)(Doolry,Pyzalski, Cross,2009)
Occurs at school
Affects the victim’s ability to concentrate and feel safe at school
Can be a single aggressive act
Takes place outside of school
Affects the victim’s ability to concentrate and feel safe at school(Wiseman,p24)
Modes of Cyberbullying (Dooley,Pyzalski,Cross,2009, p184)
Cell phone text messaging
Social networking sites
Consequences of Bullying (Whitted,Dupper,2005 )
Dislike of school
Increase in dropout rate
42%of children have been bullied while online. 1 in 4 have had it happen more than once
35% of children have been threatened online. Nearly 1 in 5 have had it happen more than once
21% of children have received mean or threatening e-mails or other messages
58% of children admit someone has said mean or hurtful things to them online. More than 4 out of 10 say it has happened more than once.
53% of children admit saying something mean or hurtful to another person online. More than 1 in 3 have done it more than once.
58% have not told their parents or an adult about something mean or hurtful that happened to them online
Based on 2004 –i-SAFE survey of 1,500 students grades 4-8
Respect (Wiseman,2009 p.26)
Poll your students about their feelings and ideas about respect.
Have them look over their text messages for the previous two weeks.
Ask them to see if the answers they gave you on the poll match their text messages.
What do they see? (Wiseman,2009 p.26)
Do they see words like slut, gay, retarded, and loser in their text messages.
Do people who say they respect each other speak like that?
Ask your students to begin thinking about how they speak to each other
Cyberbullying and the Law (Stone,2009 p.19)
The verdict is still not in about how, when and where the schools can address cyberbullying. The issue about students using their home computers to bully other students has been raised in several state and federal courts.
What Can Schools Do? (Stone,2009 p.18)
How can schools regulate behavior that happens off school grounds?
The U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that a Virginia school district’s code of conduct, which allowed under certain circumstances to discipline student for their behavior off of the schools’ ground, was not unconstitutional.
What does it mean? (Stone, 2009 p.18)
There are no laws about cyberbullying and harassment that can withstand court challenges.
The National Association of School Administrators have asked the courts to clarify existing regulations regarding a student rights to free speech and have asked them to support recognition the school district administrators may use their professional judgment to regulate speech that interferes with their ability to maintain safe and effective learning environments.
Best Practice (Wiseman,2009 p.26)
If you receive notification that cyberbullying or cyber harassment is happening , the information should be treated in the same manner you would treat any other disciplinary issue. It should be immediately referred to your school administration.
What can a parent do (Wiseman,2009 p.26)
Teach their child that they must never share their password with friends or people they may be dating
Track when your children are texting
Teach your children to use technology responsibly. They should never use it to humiliate, embarrass someone else.
They must never use another’s password without permission.
Technology is a privilege not a right, if they violate any of your rules regarding use of technology, take their access away. Make sure they understand you mean business.
Cyberstalking-harassment that includes threats of harm or is highly intimidating
Denigration (put-downs) Sending or posting harmful, untrue or cruel statements about a person to other people
Exclusions-Actions that specifically and intentionally exclude a person from an on-line group, such as exclusion from an IM “buddies” list
Flaming-Sending angry, rude or vulgar messages directed at a person or persons group privately or to an online group
Harassment- Repeatedly sending a person offensive messages
Masquerade-Pretending to be someone else and sending or posting material that makes that person look bad or puts that person in potential danger
Outing and trickery- Sending and posting material about a person that contains sensitive private or embarrassing information
Cyberbullying versus face-to-face.
Zeitschrift fur Psychologie/Journal of Psychology. Vol.217(4), pp182-188
Stone,C.(2009). High Tech and the High Courts. The American School Counselor,Vol47(2),pp17-20
Whitted,K,&Dupper,D.(2005). Best Practices for Preventing or Reducing Bullying in Schools .Children & Schools. Vol.17(3),pp167-172
Wiseman,R.(2009).Bullies Without Boundaries. The American School Counselor, Vol47(2),pp23-27
http://www.isafe.org/ . Cyberbullying:Statistics and Tips
http://www.OrpheliaProject.org . It has a Name: Relational Aggression