Week 3: week threeChapter 3 notes / key termsUnderstanding crime and victimizationChapter outlineCareers in criminal justice : criminologistThe cause of crimeThe choice theoryRational criminalsRational crimesSituational crime preventionGeneral deterrenceSpecific deterrence / incarcerationSociological theoriesBiochemical factorsNeurological factorsGenetic factorsPsychological theoriesPsychodynamic theoryBehavioral theoryCognitive theoryPersonality and crimeImages of justice : the media and violencei.q and crimesociological theoriessocial structure theory
the disorganized neighborhoodsocial process theoriescritical criminologystate ( state organized ) crimesupport for critical theorydevelopment theoriescriminal theorieslatent trait theorylife’s course theorytheories of victimizationvictim precipitationlifestyle theoryroutine activities theoryfigure 3.1 Agnew’s of strain and their consequencessources of strainlite peachfailure to achieve goalsdisjunction of expectations and achievementsremoval of positive stimulipresentations of negative stimulinegative affective statesangerfrustrationdisappointmentdepression
fearantisocial behaviordark pinkdrug usedelinquencyviolencedropping outfigure 3.2 elements of the social bondlite tanconforming behaviorlite greenattachmentfamilyfriendscommunitylite bluefamilycareersuccessfuture goalslite tanbeliefhonestymoralityfairness
patriotismresponsibilitylite purpleinvolvementschool activitiessports teamscommunity organizationsreligious groupssocial clubmedium pinkcriminal behaviorfigure 3.3 the labeling processlite pinkinitial criminal act – people commit crimes for a number of reasons.yellowdetection by the justice system – arrest is influenced by , racial . economic , and power relations.medium green colordecision to label – some are labeled “ official “ criminals by police and court authorities.Lite blueCreation of a new identity – those labeled are known as troublemakers , criminals and so on , and theyare shunned by conventional society.Medium purpleAcceptance of labels – labeled people begin to see themselves as outsiders. Secondary deviance.Self-labeling.Medium purpleDeviance amplification – stigmatized offenders are locked into criminal careers.
Figure 3.4 life course theoryThe path of lifeIntact familyAffluencePoor school performanceDeviant peersLow self-controlConventional behaviorCriminal behaviorSocial capitalSensation seekingMaturityEarly parenthoodUnstable relationshipsSobrietyJobsUnemploymentSelf-controlConventional friendsEducational successPovertyDysfunctional familySubstance abuseMarriageFamily life
Figure 3.5 routine activities theoryLite greenCapable guardiansHomeownersPoliceNeighborhoodWatch groupsSecurity guardsParentsDark greenUnguarded homesUnlocked carsUnprotected storesUnmarked itemsCrime delinquencyYellowMotivated offendersTeenage malesUnemployed personsDrug abusersUnsupervised youthsGang membersKey terns 1. Criminology pg. 90 – the scientific study of the nature