Part twoChapter 5 – the police: history and contemporary structure.Chapter 6 – the police: organization,role,and functionChapter 7 – issues in policingChapter 8 – police and the rule of lawChapter 5 the police: history and contemporary structureChapter outlineThe history of police – private police and thief takersThe London metropolitan policeLaw enforcement in colonial AmericaEarly police agenciesTwentieth – century reformThe emergency of professionalismModern policing from the 1960’s to the 1990’sPolicing in the 1960’sPolicing in the 1970’sPolicing in the 1980’sPolicing in the 1990’sPolicing and law enforcement todayThe u.s justice departmentThe department of homeland security ( DHS )State law enforcement agenciesCounty law enforcement agencies
Metropolitan law enforcement agneciesImages of justice : 22 seasons and going strong : effects of cops and reality t.vPrivate policingReasons for private policingCareers in criminal justice : security professionalCriticisms of private policingTechnology and law enforcementIdentifying criminalsCriminal justice and technology : gunshot locatorsSir Robert peel ( 1788-1850 ) was home secretary from 1822-1830 and prime minister of great Britaintwice in the 1830’s and 1840’s. he was also responsible for forming the metropolitan police, the firstorganized police force in London.Exhibit 5.2Reformulated f.b.i priorities 1. Protect the united states from terrorist attack. 2. Protect the united states against foreign intelligence operations and espionage. 3. Protect the united states against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes. 4. Combat public corruption at all levels. 5. Protect civil rights. 6. Combat transnational and national criminal organizations and enterprises. 7. Combat major white-collar crime. 8. Combat significant violent crime. 9. Support federal,state,local and international partners. 10. Upgrade technology to successfully perform the f.b.i’s mission.Concept summary 5.1Differences among federal,state,county and metropolitan law enforcementAgency( Federal agencies ( F.B.I ,secret service )State patrolState police
County sheriffMetropolitan policeJurisdictionEntire united statesStateStateCounty, mostly unincorporated areas thereofCity limitsCrimes most often targetedViolations of federal lawTraffic violations on highwaysViolations of state lawViolations of state laws and county ordinacesViolations of state laws and and city ordinances.Chapter 5 key terms 1. Tithing pg. 170 – in medieval England a collective group of ten families that pledged to help one another and provide mutual aid. 2. Hue and cry pg. 170 – in medieval England a call for mutual aid against trouble or danger. 3. Hundred pg. 170 – in medieval England a group of 100 families ( ten tithings ) responsible for maintaining order and trying minor offenses. 4. Constable pg. 170 – in early English towns an appointed peacekeeper who organized citizens for protection and supervised the night watch. 5. Shire reeve pg. 170 – in early England the chief law enforcement official in a county; forerunner of today’s sheriff. 6. Watch system pg. 170 – in medieval England groups of men who organized in church parishes to guard at night against disturbances and breaches of the peace under the direction of the local constable. 7. Justice of the peace pg. 171 – official appointed to act as the judicial officer in a county. 8. Metropolitan police act pg. 171 – sir Robert peel’s legislation that established the first organized police force in London. 9. Vigilantes pg. 173 – in the old west members of a vigilance committee or posse called upon to capture cattle thieves or other felons.
10. Wickersham commission pg. 175 – formally known as the national commission on law observance and enforcement a commission created in 1929 by president Herbert hoover to study the U. S criminal justice system including the police.11. Community policing pg. 178 – a law enforcement program that seeks to integrate officers into the local community to reduce crime and achieve good community relations. It typically involves personalized service and decentralized policing, citizen empowerment and an effort to reduce community fear of crime , disorder and decay.12. Federal bureau of investigations (F.B.I ) pg. 179 – the arm of the justice department that investigates violations of federal law, gathers crime statistics, runs a comprehensive crime laboratory, and helps train local law enforcement officers.13. Private policing pg. 187 – crime prevention detection and the apprehension of criminals carried out by private organizations or individuals for commercial purposes.14. Data mining pg. 191 – the use of sophisticated computer to conduct analysis of behavior patterns in an effort to identify crime patterns and link them to suspects.15. Thermal imager pg. 192 – a device that detects radiation in the infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum and is used in law enforcement to detect variations in temperature ( warm images stand out against cool backgrounds ).16. Biometrics pg. 194 – automated methods of recognizing a person on the basis of a physiological or behavioral characteristic.17. DNA profiling pg. 195 –the identification of criminal suspects by matching DNA samples taken from their person with specimens found at the crime scene.18.