Divjake karavasta hiking guide in albania 2013


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Divjake karavasta hiking guide in albania 2013

  1. 1. 1HikingGuideDivjakë-KaravastaNational Park
  2. 2. Published by EDEN center(Environmental center for DevelopmentEducation and Networking)www.eden-al.orgSeptember, 2011HikingGuideDivjakë-KaravastaNational ParkThis publication is financiallysupported by: The Democracy Commission SmallGrants Program of the Embassy ofUnited States of America in Tirana
  3. 3. 4Author of the text:Endrit Shima, Program Coordinator, EDEN centerProof reading:Allan ZaretskyPictures:The EDEN group of Nature GuidesGPS mapping:Endrit Shima, Program Coordinator, EDEN centerNote: The findings, conclusions and interpretation expressed in this documentare those of the contracted alone and should in no way be taken to reflect thepolicies or opinions of the donor.
  4. 4. 5FOREWORDThrough this hiking guide EDEN center has the pleasure to bring into yourview and your interest the attractions of one of the Albanian most famousnational parks, the Divjaka-Karavasta National park.Since our beginnings, in March 2004, we have been very active in promotingecotourism and offering possibilities and opportunities to people to exploreand feel the nature with all the senses. In this frame, a lot of work is beingdone from our Nature Guide group. They explore new itineraries around Alba-nia and get experienced in field trips and GPS mapping in order to offer suchservices for all hiking lovers.This acquired experience is very valuable in aiming at publications of hikingguides, and this enthusiasm became true in the frame of the project “BringingKaravasta Lagoon back to life” financially supported by the DemocracyCommission Small Grants Program of the Embassy of United States ofAmerica in Tirana and successfully implemented by EDEN center. In thisproject we aimed at enforcing the development of a sustainable developmentin protected areas by promoting ecotourism as well as civilized and demo-cratic behavior of local community and daily visitors. This hiking guide is oneof the tools we are using in promoting ecotourism in the area and one of themost important outputs.The guide provides information for seven suggested hiking and bird watch-ing routs in the national park accompanied with pictures and GPS tracks andmaps. Through the pages apart from history and culture of the area you canfind interesting useful information on how to get there, accommodation andother services in and around the national park.EDEN Nature Guides group helped in defining and GPS mapping the hikingrouts. With their help we went beyond the expectations of mapping trails –from five trails planed in the beginning to seven trails.
  5. 5. 6We have been cooperating and had the support of different institutions andindividuals during this process who we take the opportunity to thank:Ministry of Environment Forest and Water Administration, Mr. Nihat Dragoti,Specialist; Divjaka Municipality, the entire administration; “Miti Zoi Zaka”high school in Divjaka; the students of Divjaka Mrs. Anxhela Shurdhaqi, Mrs.Kristi Zeqo, Mr. Vlash Bërboti, Mr. Andi Biti and Mr. Endri Gjoni for helpingus with selecting interesting hiking routs; EDEN center,EDEN Nature Guides: Arlind Prifti, Daniela Memushaj, Kristina Huda, Laz-jon Petri, Marsida Taraj dhe Megi Shima; Mrs. Jonida Mamaj, Coordinator;Mr. Endrit Shima, program coordinator in EDEN center and author of the textfor the patience and energy dedicated to the success of the project and this hik-ing guide and all the locals for their hospitality.A special thank goes to Democracy Commission Small Grants Program ofUnited States of America Embassy in Tirana. This book would not have beenpossible without their support.In particular, we would like to thank Mrs. Ermelinda Mahmutaj, ExecutiveDirector of EDEN center and Mrs. Merita Mansaku, Founder of EDEN center,whose contribution and enthusiasm to the success of the project went farbeyond from their responsibilities.EDEN teamSeptember 2011
  6. 6. 7CONTENTI.BACKGROUNDGeographical position Natural importance of the park Climate History and tourism II.SUGGESTED HIKING TRAILSGetting there Accommodation and other services Points of interest Map of hiking routes in park:1. Southern forest– Vahu Canal – Dunes and Divjaka beach – Park center.2. Park center – Godulla e Pishës lagoon – Spiaxho lagoon – Park center3. Park center – Divjaka beach – Godulla lagoon – Karavasta lagoon– Park center.4. Southern forest – Ishulli i Pelikanit (pelicans island).5. Northen forest – Pisha e Egër në Oazin e Karavastasë (Old Pine)– Godulla e Pishës lagoon – Park center.6. Divjaka shore – Vahu canal – Second canal.7. Northen forest – Kular – Mouth of Shkumbini River – Ishulli i Kularit(Kulari Island) – Godulla e Pishës lagoon.III. PRACTICAL INFORMATIONEquipments GPS tracks and maps IV. BIBLIOGRAPHY THE MAP OF SUGGESTED HIKES 8899333334351111 1316182023252830
  7. 7. 8I. BACKGROUNDGeographic positionThe Divjaka-Karavasta National Park is the largest non-coastal complex inAlbania, made of four lagoons with a total of approximately 5,000 hectares,of sand dunes and a river delta. It is situated in the central part of WesternRegion, between Shkumbini River in the north and Seman River in the south,40 km west of Lushnja, by the Adriatic coast.Natural importanceDivjakë-Karavasta National Park is listed as Ramsar site since 1994.There is a Mediterranian Pine Forest near the Karavasta lagoon, and it containsone of the most interesting faunas of the country. Divjakë-Karavasta area pro-vides the special conditions for accommodation of a number of plant communi-ties and animal species, among which many of them are at risk of extinction inthe world.Divjakë-Karavasta geographic position
  8. 8. 9We can mention here: Pelican (Pelicanus crispus Bruch).The lagoons provide living conditions and breeding sites above the 5% of theworld population of this bird. The islands in the lagoon are one of the mostimportant features of the area for the conservation of birds. Although in thepast, the Dalmatian pelicans have nested in other parts of the lagoon, they nowonly nest on these islands, owning to disturbance elsewhere. In addition, manyof the other important breeding birds of the lagoon nest on the island becausethey are safe from predators and human disturbance. These include Collaredpratincole (Glareola pratincola) and Little tern (Sterna albifrons)ClimateDivjakë-Karavasta is part of the Mediterranean climate zone’s plains’ centralsub-districts. The features of this climate are mild, wet winters and hot, drysummers. During winter there are an average of 4.1 hours of sunshine per day,while in summer it increases to 10 hours of sun.Precipitation ranges from 550-1200 mm, distributed over 85-100 days per year.Two-thirds of the annual rainfall comes in November-March. Precipitation ismainly in the form of rain, while snow and hail are rare occurrences for thisarea. The average annual temperature is 18.8 ° C.History and tourismHistory Divjaka as inhabited center is very ancient. This is proved by thearchaeological objects as well as the many graves. These materials were foundduring the opening of new lands in Divjakë at the communism time. Here wasfound various ceramic containers, bronze swords, spears, coins and many otherobjects, which date III-II century BC.To speak before the 1945 tourism development or even for its first half is verydifficult. The difficult economic conditions of the country and the various wars,in which our country was involved, prevented this activity.After 1945 as a result of wrong policy and slow economic development, there
  9. 9. 10was a setback in this regard. Investments in this very important branch ofeconomy were scarce. These investments were made by the state. They consistwith the construction of the camp consisted of workers with a capacity of 80rooms and about 200 beds and a number of cabins with a capacity around 400beds.Democratic changes happened after 1990, opening the country to the outsideworld; the transition from planned economy to free market opened theperspective of tourism as one of the branches of the economy.At the moment the national park is suffering from the lack of managementand the promoting of sustainable tourism activities. The only way of tourismwhich is happening in the park is beach tourism during the summer time.Illegal hunting is also a big problem for the area. The location of the park inthe center of the Western region of Albania gives good opportunities to visitsome of the most development touristic sites in Albania:Durrësi (79 km) the country’s main port, rich with ancient ruined Romanamphitheater, museum, etc.Berati (78 km), UNESCO city. The town is renowned for its historicarchitecture and scenic beauty and is known as the “Town of a ThousandWindows”, due to the many large windows of the old decorated housesoverlooking the town.Apollonia (75 km) an ancient city in Illyria, located on the right bank of theVjosa River. Its ruins are situated in the Fier region, near the village of Pojani,in modern-day Albania.Interesting to visit is also the Byzantine Church, XVIII century, in Karavasta eRe village (24 km) and Ardenica Monastery, XIII-XIV century, near Kolonjëvillage (28 km). It is declared a cultural monument of special importance.II. SUGGESTEDHIKING TRAILS
  10. 10. 11Getting thereThe starting point is considered the capital, Tirana. From here, Divjaka canbe reached by public transport, private car or bike. The route goes via Durrës,Rrogozhinë, Divjakë and finally Divjakë-Karavasta National Park. The routeis in good condition and is approximately 100 km.To get to the park by public transport one may either take a minibus (furgon)or a bus. The minibus station is at “21 dhjetori” crossing (1.3 km from Sk-endërbeg Square). Walk south-west from Skendërbeg Square towards KavajaRoad (with the Albania Bank on your left and Opera buildng behind). Furgonsrunning to Vlora or Fier will also bring you to Çermë village where one canfind regular minbuses and buses continuing on to Divjaka.To reach the park from Divjaka one can hire a taxi which costs around 400lekë, or walk on foot (around 6 km west fom Divjaka center). The bus stationis at Nishëraku (500 meters south-west from “21 dhjetori”). The bus ticketfrom Tirana to Çerma village costs 200 lek and the minibus ticket costs 300lek. Minibus and bus tickets from Çermë to Divjaka cost 50 lek.The entrance fee to the park is 100 lek for cars, 200 lek for minibuses and 300lek for buses. For passengers and hikers coming on foot there is no entrancefee at the moment.Accommodation and other servicesThere are several hotels in the park. The hotels and restaurants are often runby families from Divjaka which gives the feeling of staying in a guest houserather than a normal hotel. You can find a list of these services in the tableII. SUGGESTEDHIKING TRAILS
  11. 11. 12
  12. 12. 13Points of interest in and around Divjakë-KaravastaNational Park1. Divjaka is the nearest city of the park (approx. 6 km). Divjaka has apopulation of about 13,600 inhabitants, where 7300 people belong to themunicipality and the rest are rural. Locals mainly work in production ofvegetables, fruits, fishing and less in livestock.2. Entrance of the park is in the main road which connects Divjaka and NationalPark. The road divide the forest in two parts (N and S part).The entrance of the park is situated 1.2 km N of the park center and the beach.The entrance fee is 100 lek for cars, 200 lek for vans and 300 for busses.3. Center of the park is located near Divjaka beach, approx. 1.2 km SW from thepark entrance. The majority of services are located in the park center. DivjakaPoints of interest in and around the park
  13. 13. 14beach is a stretch of roughly 15 kilometers of white sand lined by pine forest,and it is a popular seaside destination for thousands of tourists and day-trip-pers from south-central Albania. The sandy beach is huge (250 m wide fromforest edge to water in some areas) and even in peak season, it is possible towalk further up or down and find some privacy.4. Pelican Island (Nature Monument) is located in NW of Karavasta Lagoon.This is an important place for Dalmatian Pelicans nesting. The hiking guidessuggested below offers also a watching place of the island.5. The Big and / or Old Pine (in Albanian: Pisha e Egër në Oazin e Karavas-tasë) is listed as Nature Monument in Albania. It represents a 410 years oldpinelocated in SW of the northern part of the forest.6. The Karavasta lagoon is the biggest and most important lagoon on thecoastal area of the Adriatic Sea. The Karavasta lagoon has a surface of 43.3km2, with a maximal length of 10.6 km, a maximal width of 4.3 km, and amaximal depth of 1.5 m. Karavasta Lagoon) is well known for its colony ofglobally threatened Dalmatian pelicans.Over 200 other bird species have been observed in the area, including someEDEN Nature Guide’s group during routes
  14. 14. 15Divjaka Municipality centerother globally threatened species, such as pygmy cormorant, white-headedduck, spotted eagle and pallid harrier. The presence of these birds is one ofthe main reasons that Karavasta lagoon has been designated a Ramsar Site ofInternational Importance.7. Godulla Lagoon represents a small lagoon situated very close to Karavastalagoon. This lagoon has a surface of 8.5 km2 with a length of 5 km, a width of3.8 km and a maximum depth of 3.8 m.8. Godulla e Pishës (Nature Monument) is situated in NW of Divjaka forest.It represents a lagoon with a maximal length of 1.8 km and a maximal widthof 400 m, Surrounded by pine forest and dunes with plenty of pine scrub. TheDalmatian pelicans nest here.9. Spiaxho is a small lagoon in N part of Divjakë-Karavasta system.10. Osmani lagoon is a small lagoon N of Spiaxho lagoon.11. Kulari Island (Nature Monument) is located near Shkumbini Delta, 0.5m above sea level formed by the accumulation of river. The island is coveredwith bushes, wild poplar hardwood, cedar,winter pasture, and grass types. Youcan find aquatic birds, among them most Dalmatic pelican.
  15. 15. 161. Southern forest – Vahu Canal – Dunes and Divjaka beach – Park centerDistance 7,7 kmHiking Time 3 hoursDifficulty EasyThe half part of this hike is through dense forest but with an easily distinguish-able path. The second part involves Vahu Canal, which connect the AdriatikSea with Karavasta Lagoon and a hike through sand dunes and Divjaka beach.The hike starts by one of the entrance door of the southern forest (WP 1),approx. 1.3 km NE from the entrance of the park. The road follows SWthrough dense forest and easy to follow the track for approx. 1.5 km when theHike 1
  16. 16. 17The path in Southern forest Vahu Canalpath divides, one follows S (left side) and the other one follows SW (WP 2).The path runs SW through dense forest until we reach the bridge of VahuCanal (WP 3). After that we turn NW with the forest in our right and the seain our left. The route follows N through the beach sand. We pass a big bunkernear Divjaka Hotel (WP 4) and continue either near of the sea or forest untilwe reach the main car road which is also the center of the park (WP 5). To getback to the WP 1, you should follow the automobile road for approx. 2, 5 k.Waypoints1. 34 T 373013 / UTM 4538766, entrance of the forest2. 34 T 372709 / UTM 4537410, crossing3. 34 T 371726 / UTM 4534558, Vahu canal4. 34 T 371840 / UTM 4535809, Bunker and Divjaka Park Hotel5. 34 T 372083 / UTM 4536783, the main road, Pelikani HotelKaravasta lagoon
  17. 17. 182. Park center - Godulla e Pishës lagoon - Spiaxho lagoon - Park centerDistance 4,4 kmHiking Time 2 hoursDifficulty EasyThe hike starts at the entrance of the park (WP 1) and follows directly SWthrough a rare pine forest and a visible hiking path. After approx. 250 m, weturn right (WP 2). The route follows NW for approx. 220 m and after that,near a hotel, we turn left (WP 3). We follow left and turn right (NW) whenwe reach the sand beach hiking path (WP 4), which is very visible and runsthrough rare pine forest on the left and beach bushes on the right.If you follow for approx. 100 m W on WP 4, you can see the south part ofSpiaxho lagoon.Hike 2
  18. 18. 19Fishing cabin at Godulla e Pishës LagoonFrom WP 4, our path follows NW on a visible sand beach path which runs inthe middle of two lagoons (Spiaxho and Godulla e Pishës lagoons) but youcannot often see them because of the forest on left side and the bushes on theright. After approx. 1.4 km we will have a very clear view of Spiaxho lagoon,Godulla e Pishës lagoon and Tërbfui canal, which runs in the middle ofSpiaxho lagoon (WP 5). The path follows right with the canal on our left forapprox. 200 meters and then it turns back through the forest (WP 6).The way back goes parallel with the previous path and the route is very vis-ible. On WP 7 we have a bird watching possibility. From here we have in frontof us, at Godulla e Pishës lagoon, an island populated from different birds.The hiking path follows SE, through rare pine forest, for approx. 800 metersuntil we reach the route which connects WP 3 with WP 4 (WP 8).The hike finishes at entrance of the park (WP 1).Waypoints1. 34 T 372339 / UTM 4537954, entrance of the park2. 34 T 372121 / UTM 4537858, crossing3. 34 T 372008 / UTM 4538055, hotel4. 34 T 371864 / UTM 4538022, sand beach hiking path5. 34 T 371416 / UTM 4539254, Tërbufi canal6. 34 T 371502 / UTM 4539448, crossing7. 34 T 371729 / UTM 4538741, view point8. 34 T 371901 / UTM 4538038, crossing
  19. 19. 203. Park center – Divjaka beach – Godulla lagoon –Karavasta lagoon – Park centerThis is a relatively long hike along the fishermen paths. It offers sensationalviews of two of the largest lagoons in the area (Karavasta lagoon and God-ulla lagoon), Divjaka beach and restaurants of the park. As long as the pathremains unmarked, a local guide is suggested.Hike 3Distance 16,5 kmHiking Time 5-6 hoursDifficulty EasyThe hike starts at the centre of the park, near of the Argena Hotel (WP 1), fromwhere we follow SW along the unpaved road with hotels and restaurants fromboth sides. After approx. 1 km, near the Divjaka Park Hotel, the unpaved ends(WP 2) and we keep following SW along the sand beach path, with the sea inour right and the pine forest very close in our left. After a while we reach the
  20. 20. 21Vahu canal, which is the only direct connection between the sea and Karavastalagoon (WP 3). Our route turns left to the canal and sea connection, where isalso a small bar to buy something (WP 4). After that we turn back to WP 3,than we follow SW for few hundred meters and cross the canal throughabridge(WP 5).After crossing the bridge, the hike follows W for approx. 150 metersand then SW with the Godulla lagoon in the left and pine forest in the right.After approx. 1.5 km we turn left and our hike follows in a pine forest (WP 6).Our hike follows SW in the pine forests for approx. 2 km until we reach aview to Karavasta lagoon (WP 7). The route turns right and follows with theKaravasta lagoon in our left and Godulla lagoon in our right. Different birdsare possible to see at this point. Among them, we saw a Dalmatian pelicanflying.After approx. 200 meters is the first canal which connect Karavasta lagoonwith Godulla lagoon. Near of the canal there is a fish manufactory (WP 8).Our route follows SW on a path located in the middle of the lagoons and afterapprox. 1 km we reach the second canal that connects Karavasta with Godullalagoon (WP 9). After that we get back to WP 7 and then we follow NE nearthe Karavasta lagoon along an unpaved road for approx. 3,3 km where wereach the Vahu canal (WP 10). The route follows left and after a while wereach the bridge of Vahu canal (WP 5). After that we follow W and cross WP3 and turn N at WP 11. To get back to WP 1 you can either follow the sametrack near of the forest or near of the cost.Fishermanin GodullalagoonPainter at Karavasta lagoon
  21. 21. 22Waypoints1. 34 T 372126 / UTM 4536800, Argena Hotel2. 34 T 371856 / UTM 4535849, end of unpaved road, Divjaka Hotel3. 34 T 371532 / UTM 4534711, Vahu canal4. 34 T 371109 / UTM 4535108, connection of sea with the lagoon5. 34 T 371731 / UTM 4534557, bridge6. 34 T 370867 / UTM 4533409, pine forest7. 34 T 370401 / UTM 4531486, view to Karavasta lagoon8. 34 T 370354 / UTM 4531245, first connection of Godulla-Karavasta9. 34 T 369805 / UTM 4530475, second connection10. 34 T 371849 / UTM 4534423, Vahu canal11. 34 T 371341 / UTM 4534887, crossingTerrapin inDivjaka beachA bar restaurant in Divjaka beach, near of the Vahu canalFishing factory at the channel connectingKaravasta lagoon with Godulla lagoonHorses at Divjaka beach
  22. 22. 23Hike 44. Southern forest – Ishulli i Pelikanit(Pelican’s island)This is a short relaxing hike in the forest which gives you the opportunity tosee the rare Dalmatian pelican. There was built a viewpoint sometimes agothat is not existing at the moment. Given that there is not a viewpoint withbinoculars and the path is unmarked, you should have your own binocularsand a GPS device. In a absence of a GPS device, a local guide is essential.Distance 5,6 kmHiking Time 2 hoursDifficulty EasyThe hike starts at one of the entrances of the southern forest of the park, 1, 5km NE of the park entrance (WP 1). The entrance of the forest is a blue irondoor. The hike follows SW along a visible path and after approx. 200 metersthere is a deviation in the right side but we follow strait (WP 2). We followstrait (SW) for approx. 2,6 km until we reach a destroyed wooden view point
  23. 23. 24(WP 3). From here is a very clear view to Pelicans Island. The island is located ap-prox. 1, 3 km E of the WP 3.The hike finish at WP 1 through taking the same route we did.Waypoints1. 34 T 373205 / UTM 4538717, trail head, blue iron door2. 34 T 373170 / UTM 4538498, crossing3. 34 T 372621 / UTM 4536106, view pointThe pathDalmatian PelicansYoung locals during the training“How to become a Hiking Guide“
  24. 24. 25Distance 8,2 kmHiking Time 3 hoursDifficulty EasyThis is a beautiful hike going through the dense pine forest of the park.By following this trail, you will have the possibility to visit two natural monu-ments of the park – the Old Pine and Godulla e Pishes Lagoon. The path isvery visible but it has some crossing that might mislead you. A hiking guide ora GPS device is suggested since the track is not marked.The trail head is WP 1, a blue gate next to the main road, which enable theentrance of the forest, approx. 1, 5 km before the park entrance. The trailfollows N for approx. 2 km on a very visible path in the dense pine forest tillwe reach a crossing point (WP 2) and we turn of W (left). We follow W forHike 55. Northen forest – Pisha e Egër në Oazin e Karavastasë (the old pine) – Godulla e Pishës lagoon – Park center
  25. 25. 26about 150 m and then turn again N at the crossing (WP 3). The route followsN and for approx. 600 m we reach the Old Pine, which is located few metersleft of the trail (WP 4). After visiting the Old Pine, we turn back again on thetrail and follow N until we arrive at WP 5, Emisari i Terbufit canal. There aremany fishing cabins along the canal. At WP 5 the track follows W with thepine forest in our left and the canal in our right, for approx. 1 km. At WP 6 theroute turns of S. The forest is not any more as dense as the parallel rout wehad before. At WP 7 is a very good view point over Godulla e Pishes lagoon.The viewpoint is approx. 200 m left of the main track. We get back at the maintrack and we follow S for few hundred meters until we see an exit gate of theforest. The hike ends at the main road, around 900 m before the park entrance(WP 8).Fishing cabin at Tërbufi canalTërbufi canal
  26. 26. 27Marsi, Fation, Vlashi and Endri at Pisha e Egër në Oazin eKaravastasë (The Old Pine) during the defining routes processWaypoints1. 34 T 373215 / UTM 4538733, trail head, blue gate2. 34 T 373278 / UTM 4540556, crossing3. 34 T 373140 / UTM 4540552, crossing4. 34 T 373104 / UTM 4541112, Old Pine5. 34 T 373088 / UTM 45417686. 34 T 372104 / UTM 4541413, crossing7. 34 T 372250 / UTM 4538982, view point8. 34 T 372552 / UTM 4538620, main road6. Divjaka shore – Vahu canal – Second canal
  27. 27. 28Distance 4. 4 km – one wayHiking Time 3 hoursDifficulty EasyThis is a nice hike along the sea shore going until it ends because the connec-tion of the sea with Godulla lagoon. Near of the connection (Second canal) isa very good view point for bird watching.The hike starts at Hotel Divjaka Park (WP 1) which is the last hotel going Sfrom the park center along the car road. We continue the hike S along the seashore and after approx. 1.8 km we reach the Vahu canal (WP 2). Vahu canal isnormally dry so you can just cross it and hike further on S along the sea shoreto approach the Second canal (WP 3). In case the Vahu canal is working, theways to reach the second canal are either by crossing the water (max. 1/2 mHike 66. Divjaka shore - Vahu canal - Second canal
  28. 28. 29deep) or by renting a boat. Between the two canals, took place one of the mostsensational stories of the communism time. Xhevdet Mustafa, a young Alba-nian fugitive in the United States came back in Albania with two other personsin September of 1982. Their mission was to toppling the regime. He was oneof those youths that could not withstand with lifestyle and regime in Albania.This mission was betrayed by someone, and there they were surrounded bysecurity forces of the Albanian state. On the way between two canals, near thelagoon, you can see memorials of two security forces that were killed duringthe gun fight by Xhevdet Mustafa and his companions.Waypoints1. 34 T 371836 / UTM 4535850, Divjaka Park Hotel2. 34 T 371048 / UTM 4535157, Vahu canal3. 34 T 368941 / UTM 4532784, Second canalThe channel connecting the sea with Godulla lagoonPoultry footprints near of the channel
  29. 29. 7. Northen forest – Kular – Mouth of Shkumbini River – Ishulli i Kularit (Kulari Island) – Godulla e Pishës lagoonDistance 26 kmHiking Time 9 hoursDifficulty ModerateThis is a long hike with beautiful views and mix of forest roads, close the riverand lagoon trails. The path is visible but with a lot of crossing. We suggesteither hiring a guide or making sure you have a GPS device with you.The hike starts at the beginning of the Divjaka forest. Coming from Divjaka toNational Park along the normal car road the trail head is the first entrance door(WP1) of the forest. It follows N along a visible trail until it reaches the WP2 (Tërbufi canal). We turn E (right) and cross the canal at the bridge (WP 3).Hike 730
  30. 30. 31After crossing the bridge the trail follows N enter a small wooden area (WP4) and after crossing the wooden area the trails follows for approx. 400 metersalong the Shkumbini River in our right and agriculture lands in our left. Thisarea is called Kulari and use to be a village many years ago. Now it is bandedas a result of regularly flooding from Shkumbin River.At WP 5 (crossing) we turn left and hike on broad trail in the middle ofagriculture lands and enter the forest at WP 6. After walking in the forest forapprox. 1 km on a broad visible trail, we exit it at WP 7 and follow W untilwe reach WP 8 (Mouth of Shkumbini River) with a beautiful view of KulariIslands which is full of different birds.For getting back we follow the same trail until we reach WP 2 and then wefollow W with the canal in our right and the forest in our left. At WP 9 thetrails the trail follows S. During this part of the hike you will have the pos-sibility to see the Godulla e Pishes lagoon. The trail ends at the main car road,approx. 900 meters before the park entrance.Kristina, Ilir and Endri during routes defining at mouth ofShkumbini River
  31. 31. 32Fishing methods in Tërbuni canalWaypoints1. 34 T 373549 / UTM 4538830, trail head, blue gate2. 34 T 373486 / UTM 4541930, Tërbufi canal3. 34 T 374300 / UTM 4542195, bridge4. 34 T 373961 / UTM 4543143, entrance of a wooden area5. 34 T 373575 / UTM 4543832, crossing6. 34 T 372876 / UTM 4543609, forest entrance7. 34 T 371919 / UTM 4543704, forest exit8. 34 T 368881 / UTM 4544316, mouth of Shkumbini River9. 34 T 372112 / UTM 4541416, crossing10. 34 T 372551 / UTM 4538618, main road
  32. 32. 33EquipmentAppropriate hiking equipment is essential (hiking boots, waterproofs, sunprotection, insect protection, backpack, food, first aid kit, GPS device, func-tioning mobile phone, etc). During the spring and winter time it is essentialto have with you long waterproof boots because there are some water pondson the trails. Regarding the first aid kits, it is crucial to have the right medicalsupplies with you because Divjaka doesn’t have a rescue system for the hik-ers in the forest. If traveling in a group, your tour guide should highlight thedanger of poisonous snake bites and should carry a suction pump just in case.The kit should also contain treatments and bandages for less serious injuriessuch as bruises, cuts and so on. The insect protection is very essential fromApril to October because Divjaka wetland has a lot of mosquitoes during thistime of the year.GPS tracks and mapsThe maps of the guide are Soviet military old maps. Divjaka coast haschanged some since the map was produced due to erosions factors. However,the trails in the area are not difficult and the maps are good for orientation.At www.bunkertrails.com you can download topographic maps of scales 1:50000 and 1:100 000. The GPS (UTM) data provided here is two-fold: Waypointnumber and UTM coordinate. Within the text the waypoint numbers (e.g.,WP1’) refer to the items listed at the end of each description. Apart of thewaypoint that you can find within the text, GPS tracks with waypoints can befound at EDEN center website (www.eden-al.org)Wikiloc GPS data sharing website (www.wikiloc.com) and EveryTrail website(www.everytrail.com). At Wikiloc and EveryTrail the trails can be foundthrough searching Endrit Shima account. Given that trails are not marked, weadvise using a local guide in this region, Anxhela Shurdhaqi, group leader ofdivjaka hiking guides, tel. +355 695619269, email: guidanatyrore.divjake@gmail.com.If you do choose to hike alone, would be good to have a GPSdevice with you to avoid getting out of the trail.III. PRACTICAL INFORMATION
  33. 33. IV. BIBLIOGRAPHYAnni (Koci) Kallfa and Taulant Bino, Reproduction Biologyof Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus Crispus) in the Divjaka-Karavasta National Park, 2010.Ecotourism Ltd, Technital S.pA. and Tour du Valat,Karavasta lagoon eco guide, 1997.Pano, Niko and Frashëri Alfred, The coastal geomorphologyof the Semani river mouth-Karavasta lagoon in the southernAdriatic Sea.Qiriazi, Perikli and Sala, Skënder, Monumentet e Natyrëssë Shqipërisë.Botim elektronik, 2005.Ramsar site management plans – Albania, Karavasta Lagoon,1996.The maps of Bunkertrails:www.bunkertrails.comThe Geo Consulting mapof Albania: www.albinfo.alZindel, Christan and Husammann, Barbara, Thethi and Kel-mendi: Hiking Guide of Northern Albania, 2009.34
  34. 34. 35
  35. 35. Published by EDEN center(Environmental center for DevelopmentEducation and Networking)www.eden-al.orgSeptember, 2011
  36. 36. 40Published by EDEN center(Environmental center for DevelopmentEducation and Networking)www.eden-al.orgSeptember, 2011