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Key Industry Events1829First trainStephenson’s Rocket1812:BREIDENBACHERHOF-DUESSELDORF,GERMANY1822:HOTELDANIELI-VENICE,ITA...
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Hotel2030 Timeline - The past 200 years

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A look back at the key developments in hotels and hospitality over the past 200 years. In looking forward to the future of hotel design and innovation it is useful to also look backwards at notable hotel openings and key industry events. This timeline summarises these.

Over the past 200 years the design of hotels has changed significantly as different trends have emerged globally. Equally innovations in travel, hotels and the wider hospitality sector have also changed the guest experience. This timeline is intended to show we we have come from

We have chosen some notable hotels opened over the past two centuries as stimulus for further discussion
The 134 hotels selected run from 1822 through to 2013

We have also chosen to highlight some of the key industry events that have changed guest experiences. The examples cover travel, hotels and wider hospitality shifts.

Coming soon are more detailed presentations highlighting each of the individual hotels and industry events for wider sharing and comment.

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Transcript of "Hotel2030 Timeline - The past 200 years"

  1. 1. Key Industry Events1829First trainStephenson’s Rocket1812:BREIDENBACHERHOF-DUESSELDORF,GERMANY1822:HOTELDANIELI-VENICE,ITALY1824:THESHELBOURNE-DUBLIN,IRELAND1834:GRANDHOTELEXCELSIORVITTORIA-SORRENTO,ITALY1835:MEURICE-PARIS,FRANCE1837:BROWN’SHOTEL-LONDON,ENGLAND1839:BAYERISCHERHOF-MUNICH,GERMANY1845:NEWORIENTALHOTEL-GALLE-SRILANKA1846:ASTORHOUSE(PUJIANGHOTEL)-SHANGHAI,CHINA1847:GRANDHOTEL-POINTCLEAR,USA1850:WILLARD-WASHINGTON,USA1853:THEMILLSHOUSE-CHARLESTON,USA1854:GREATWESTERNROYAL-LONDON,ENGLAND1855:GRANDHOTELDULOUVRE-PARIS,FRANCE1856:KULM-ST.MORITZ,SWITZERLAND1857:DOMHOTEL-COLOGNE,GERMANY1859:MENGER-SANANTONIO,USA1862:LEGRANDHOTELPARIS–PARIS-PARIS,FRANCE1863:THEASTORHOTEL-TIANJIN,CHINA1864:GALLEFACEHOTEL-COLOMBO,SRILANKA1865:VICTORIAJUNGFRAU-INTERLAKEN,SWITZERLAND1866:HOTELSACHERSALZBURG-SALZBURG,AUSTRIA1868:GHEZIREHPALACE-CAIRO,EGYPT1870:PALMERHOUSE-CHICAGO,USA1872:HOTELGRANDEBRETAGNE-ATHENS,GREECE1873:HOTELIMPERIAL-VIENNA,AUSTRIA1874:GRANDHÔTEL-STOCKHOLM,SWEDEN1875:GRANDHOTELEUROPE-ST.PETERSBURG,RUSSIA1876:THEMANDARINORIENTALBANGKOK-BANGKOK,THAILAND1880:CONTINENTALSAIGON-HOCHIMINHCITY,VIETNAM1881:HOTELDESINDES-THEHAGUE,NETHERLANDS1882:HOTELROANOKE-ROANOKE,USA1883:THEWINDSOR-MELBOURNE,AUSTRALIA1884:THECHELSEA-NEWYORK,USA1885:EASTERN&ORIENTALHOTEL-PENANG,MALAYSIA1887:RAFFLESHOTEL-SINGAPORE,SINGAPORE1888:BANFFSPRINGS-BANFF,CANADA1889:THESAVOY-LONDON,ENGLAND1889:MAJESTICROME-ROME,ITALY1890:THEGRANDOBEROI-KOLKATA,INDIA1891:REID’SPALACE-FUNCHAL,PORTUGAL1892:BROWNPALACE-DENVER,USA1893:LECHATEAUFRONTENAC-QUEBEC,CANADA1894:THEARUSHAHOTEL-ARUSHA,TANZANIA1895:QUEEN’SHOTEL-KANDY,SRILANKA1896:THEBREAKERS-PALMBEACH,USA1898:RITZPARIS-PARIS,FRANCE1898:MAIDENS-DELHI,INDIA1899:MOUNTNELSONHOTEL-CAPETOWN,SOUTHAFRICA1900:THELENOX-BOSTON,USA1901:HOTELSAIGONMORIN-HUE,VIETNAM1902:THEBALMORAL-EDINBURGH,SCOTLAND1903:THETAJMAHALPALACE-MUMBAI,INDIA1904:NORFOLK-NAIROBI,KENYA1906:LEMONTREUXPALACE-MONTREUX,SWITZERLAND1907:WINTERPALACE-LUXOR,EGYPT1907:WALDORFLONDON-LONDON,ENGLAND1908:HOTELPLAZA-HAVANA,CUBA1909:HOTELATLANTIC-HAMBURG,GERMANY1910:THEUSGRANT-SANDIEGO,USA1912:THEBEVERLYHILLSHOTEL-LOSANGELES,USA1914:ADELPHI-LIVERPOOL,ENGLAND1921:CASAMARINARESORT-KEYWEST,USA1922:POLANASERENA-MAPUTO,MOZAMBIQUE1923:COPACABANAPALACE-RIODEJANEIRO,BRAZIL1924:GLENEAGLES-PERTHSHIRE,SCOTLAND1925:GRANHOTELBOLIVAR-LIMA,PERU1926:THEBARCLAY-NEWYORKCITY,USA1927:HOTELPRINCIPEDISAVOIA-MILAN,ITALY1928:THEPENINSULA-HONGKONG,CHINA1929:HOTELALFONSOXIII-SEVILLE,SPAIN1930:GRANDHOTELSAIGON-HOCHIMINHCITY,VIETNAM1931:THEKINGDAVID-JERUSALEM,ISRAEL1932:ALCRONHOTEL-PRAGUE,CZECHREPUBLIC1936:THEIMPERIALNEWDELHI-NEWDELHI,INDIA1946:NATIONALHOTEL-MIAMIBEACH,USA1948:THEGRITTIPALACE-VENICE,ITALY1954:FONTAINBLEAU-MIAMIBEACH,USA1955:HOTELUKRANIA-MOSCOW,RUSSIA1957:TWINBRIDGESMARRIOTMOTORHOTEL-ARLINGTON,USA1958:HOTELCIPRIANI-VENICE,ITALY1959:MOUNTKENYASAFARICLUB-NANYUKI,KENYA1960:ROYALHOTEL,COPENHAGEN-COPENHAGEN,DENMARK1961:PHOENICIAHOTEL-BEIRUIT,LEBANAON1962:SHERATONNEWYORKTOWERS-NEWYORKCITY,USA1963:LONDONHILTONONPARKLANE-LONDON1967:HYATTREGENCY-ATLANTAUSA1971:SHANGRI-LAHOTEL–SINGAPORE1975:INTERCONTINENTALPARKLANE-LONDON1976:WESTINPEACHTREEPLAZA-ATLANTA,USA1977:RENAISSANCECENTERHOTEL-DETROIT,USA1978:GRANDSIERRARESORT-RENO,USA1979:IZMAILOVO-MOSCOW,RUSSIA1983:VISTAINTERNATIONAL-WTC,NEWYORK,USA1984:MORGANSHOTEL-NEWYORK1985:MARRIOTTMARQUIS-NEWYORK,USA1986:SWISSOTELSTAMFORD-SINGAPORE1987:TAKSIMINTERNATIONALMERSIN-ISTANBUL,TURKEY1988:AMANPURIRESORT-PHUKET,THAILAND1990:ICEHOTEL-JUKKASJARVI,SWEDEN1991:THELANESBROUGH-LONDON,ENGLAND1992:HOTELARTS-BARCELONA,SPAIN1993:MGMGRAND-LASVEGAS,NEVADA,USA1995:BANYANTREE-BANGKOK,THAILAND1996:MONTECARLORESORTANDCASINO-LASVEGAS,USA1997:BAIYOKESKYHOTEL-BANGKOK,THAILAND1998:WNEWYORK-NEWYORKCITY,USA1999:BURJALARAB-DUBAI2000:HUDSONHOTEL-NEWYORK2001:SANCTUARYONCAMELBACKMOUNTAIN-SCOTTSDALE,ARIZONA,USA2002:FOURSEASONS-SHANGHAI,CHINA2003:MANDARINORIENTAL-NEWYORK,USA2004:BULGARIHOTEL-MILAN,ITALY2005:CUBE-SAVOGNIN,SWITZERLAND2006:WRETREAT&SPA-MALDIVES2007:THEVENETIAN-MACAU2008:ELEMENTHOTELBYWESTIN-LEXINGTON,MASSACHUSETTS,USA2009:UPPERHOUSE-HONGKONG,CHINA2010:MARINABAYSANDS-SINGAPORE2011:RITZCARLTON-HONGKONG,CHINA2012:QT-SYDNEY,AUSTRALIA2013:MELONDON-LONDON,UK1846Opening ofGare du NordParis1883Launch of theOrientExpress1908Production ofFordModel Tcommences1915AmericanExpressTravel formed1916Completion ofTrans SiberianRailway1919FirstTransatlanticflight1928FirstTranspacificflight1929WestinHotelslaunched1934Air-conditioninglaunched inHotel StatlerDetroit1948Hiltonintroducesmulti-hotelreservations system1964Travelodgeintroduceswheelchairaccessible rooms1980Swissotellaunched as ajoint venture betweenNestle andSwissair1981InterContinentalHotels acquired byGrand Metropolitan1983Priority Clubworld’s firstguest loyalty program1991Westinintroducedin-roomvoicemail1996Expedialaunched byMicrosoft 1998SheratonHotels sold toStarwood1998Lastminute.comlaunched1998W Hotelslaunched byStarwood2000TripAdvisorlaunched2001Raffles HoldingspurchasesSwissotel2004TripAdvisorbrought byExpedia/IAC2005Le Meridienbrought byStarwood2008Airbnbestablished inSan Francisco2006Hilton HotelsCorporation acquiresHilton Hotels plc2011TripAdvisorspun out ofExpedia/IAC2007Yotellaunch first hotel atLondonGatwick2009Starwood Capital’sLouvre Grouptakes overGolden TulipHospitality2012Expediaacquires majoritystake inTrivago1992GHMHotels launchesfirst Chedi1993Mosaicthe firstweb browsermakes the Internetavailable to the public1988AmanResortsFounded1949Hiltonbecomes firstinternationalhotel chain1950Diners Clublaunch firstcredit card1965HolidexThe Worldsfirst computerizedbooking system1974MandarinInternationalHotels launched1975KLM formsjoint venture withGolden Tulip Hotels1994HyattHotelsfirst chainto launchInternet site1997MarriottacquiresRenaissanceHotel Group1999Expediaspun out ofMicrosoft1999Ace Hotelslaunched inPortland, USA1995Holiday Inntakes bookingover Internet1972Le MeridienHotelsestablishedby Air France1976Orient ExpressHotelslaunched with purchase ofHotel CiprianiVenice1973SheratonAnaheimfirst hotel within-room movies1952Holiday Innestablished1946InterContinentalHotels Founded byPan AmericanWorld Airways1958Mobil Travel Guidelaunches hotelstar rating system1967Trans World Airlinesbuys Hilton International1969Westinlaunches24hrRoom Service1947Westinintroduce first hotelreservation system1913First CommercialWinged AirlineTampa, Florida1891Firstcruise shipAugustaVictoria1925FirstMotelSan Luis ObisqoCalifornia1865CunardSteamship Companylaunched1885First carproduced byBenzin Germany1909DELAGFirst CommercialAirlinelaunched byZeppelin1938Launch ofRMS Queen Elizabethlargest passenger steamship1957Hyattestablished1978NH Hotelslaunched inSpain1987Marriottbecomesmulti-brandcompany1960Siegasintroduces therefrigerated minibar1879FirstRope ElevatorFifth Avenue HotelNew York1838Launch of transatlanticcrossings on SS GreatWestern steamship1841Thomas Cook founded

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