Presentation Skills
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Presentation Skills

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Presentation Skills Presentation Skills Presentation Transcript

  • Presentation Skills
  • Course Objectives
    • By the end of the workshop you should:
      • Be able to structure a presentation, and understand the need for clear objectives and careful planning
      • Be aware of how you present yourselves visually and audibly, and able to deliver effectively, ensuring audience interest
      • Determine the principles of using visual aids effectively
      • Have increased your confidence at being able to make presentations
  • People’s Number One Fear!! Speaking Before A Group
  • Teaching vs Training A A Learning I I
  • Learner: Capacity to learn information Capacity for short-term storage (quick recall for classroom purposes) Learner’s Capacity (Ability to integrate, adapt, interrelate, and recall information for future applications.)
  • Course Content: “ Sections or chunks of instruction, already segregated into teachable units.” Oil SOUP MILK Milk H 2 O
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  • Before you begin ? What is the Subject ? Why are you giving the Presentation? Who are your audience? and What do they expect to gain from your Presentation? What do you want to Say?
  • Structuring Your Presentation
    • Logical structure and sequence
    • Definite beginning, middle and end
    • Limited number of key messages
    • Necessary flow
    • Right weight to each section
    • Good use of time to achieve objective
  • Setting Expectations
    • “ Tell them what you are going to tell them”
    • Establish what the learner will be able to do
    Objectives Purpose Techniques Participation
  • Structuring the Session
    • Main Parts
    • Opening
    • Body
    • Closing
    Opening Closing
  • Effective Openings
    • Get learners thinking and interactive
    • Include visuals
    • Establish the purpose and objectives
    • Make introductions
    • Involve learners
    • Create familiarity
  • Ending Your Presentation
    • Summary of Key Points
    • Strong Quote
    • Final Statement
    • Thought provoking question
    • Any Questions?
  • Global Analytical
  • Brain Dominance
    • Irrational
    • Illogical
    • Holistic
    • Spontaneous
    • Feelings
    • Imagination
    • Art, Music, Dance, Mime Theatre
    • Intuition
    • Spatial
    • people-oriented
    • “ Let’s do it?”
    • Creative
    • Think in pictures
    • Dreamer, playful
    • 3-d Thinking
    • Rational
    • Logical
    • Linear
    • Sequential
    • Facts
    • Knowledge language, Math, Law
    • Systems, Rules
    • Symbols
    • Fact-oriented
    • “ Let’s plan first!”
    • Implement
    • Think in words and figures
    • Worker, serious
    • 2-d thinking
    Right-Brained Left-Brained
  • Chinese Proverb Attributed to Confucius
    • What I hear, I forget;
    • What I see, I remember;
    • What I do, I understand
  • What People Retain 0 50 100 90% 70 % 50% 30% 20% 10% Say Say & Do Hear See Hear & See Read
  • Visual Learners
    • Those for whom a picture paints a thousand words
        • Most knowledge is acquired visually
        • Observing “how to” do a task (drawings, diagrams, schematics)
        • Using visual aids (transparencies, video, flip charts, handouts)
  • Visuals support the spoken word 500 400 160 110 Words per minute Average Rate of Thought Average Rate of Speech VISUALS Help bridge the gap
  • Auditory Learners
    • Those who learn from listening
    • Hearing detailed instructions on various operations
    • Using lectures, discussions, and question and answer (Q&A) sessions helps this learner
  • Tactile Learners
    • Those who need a hands-on approach
    • Those who need to get their whole body involved
  • Communications Sender Receiver Message Feedback
  • Audience Analysis The Student The Graduate The Vacationer The Prisoner
  • What Motivates Adult Learners
    • Enjoyment of learning
    • Desire to keep growing
    • Pride in a job well done
    • Desire to be qualified for position
    • Desire to get promoted and to make more money
    • Purpose for learning
    • Active, participative learning situations
    • Relevant subject matter
    • Variety in learning method, pace, and evaluation
    • Credible, enthusiastic facilitators
    • Respect for adult student’s knowledge and life experiences
    • Expect good instruction
    Adult Learners Need
  • Question and Answer
    • Open-ended
    • Greater response
    • Redirection
    • Feedback and clarification
    • Close-ended
  • What the audience takes in
  • Posture
    • Be relaxed and at ease
      • head over shoulders over hips over feet
    • Face your audience
      • with your shoulders and body
  • Openness
    • Open posture expresses
      • confidence
      • comfort
    • Closed posture expresses
      • fear
      • uncertainty
      • nervousness
    • Do use variety, both hands, or the hand nearest the audience
    • Do use gestures that fit the room and the audience (culture)
    • Don’t point at people, use a clenched fist, or provocative gestures
    Gestures
  • Vocal Elements RATE VOLUME QUALITY PITCH
  • Training Equipment
  • Instructional Job Aids Handouts Flip Chart Video Tape Video Ca mcorder Computer Presentations Overhead/Transparencies
  • Instructional Job Aids Handouts Flip Chart Video Tape Video Ca mcorder Computer Presentations Overhead/ Transparencies
  • Instructional Job Aids Overhead/ Transparencies Handouts Flip Chart Video Tape Video Ca mcorder Computer Presentations
  • Stage Management
  • How to counteract Nervousness
    • Know the content
    • Practice (Duplicate Conditions)
    • Take a deep breath
    • Memorize the first 2 minutes
    • Arrive Early
    • Meet & Greet
    • Use cue cards
  • Seven Sins of Training Presenters
    • Lack of enthusiasm
    • Distracting habits
    • Material that’s too technical - using jargon
    • Poor timing or bad pacing
    • Poor preparation
    • Information overload
    • Arrogance
  • Six Qualities of a Good Trainer
    • Pleasant, appropriate appearance
    • Effective use of body language
    • A well-paced delivery style
    • Genuine enthusiasm and sincerity
    • Effective eye contact
    • Natural relaxed style
  • Developing Presentation Skill Practice Practice Practice