0
Set up, maintain, and
dismantle plant displays
        Unit 21035
Site Constraints
 Growing Media
 Drainage
 Shelter
 Sun/Shade
Growing Media
 Is there growing media on site?
 Can media be brought in?
 How is the media contained?
 Do surfaces need pr...
Drainage
 Are there any natural drainage problems?
 Where will the irrigation water go?
Shelter
 Is there shelter from the wind?
 Is there shelter from the rain?
Sun/Shade
 Too sunny?
 Too shady?
 Do we need to provide shade?
 How does this effect plant selection?
Types of Display
 Permanent planting
 Seasonal planting
 Staged container plants
 Planted in a growing medium
 Indoor
 Out...
Display Areas
 Permanent beds
 Containers
 Tiered benches
 Hanging baskets
Staging
 Staging, benches, stands
 Growing medium
 Supporting structures
 Waterproof membranes
 Display aids
     Rocks, g...
Maintenance
 Watering
 Picking over
 Fertilising
 Rotation or replacement of plants
 Staking
 Pruning
 Mulching
 Plant hea...
Plant Health
 Pests
 Diseases
 Physiological disorders
     Light
     Temperature
     Water
     Draughts/winds
Dismantle
 Leave the area clean, tidy and ready for
 the next use

   Transport?
Elements of Design
 Colour
 Form
 Texture
Principles of Design
 Unity/Harmony
 Rhythm or line
 Balance - Symmetry or Asymmetry
 Dominance/Emphasis or Focal Area
 Sc...
Elements of Design
The elements of design are components or
parts of a design which can be isolated and
defined in any des...
Colour
Primary colours:

   Red
   Blue
   Yellow
Colour
Secondary colours:

    Orange
    Green
    Violet


Are a combination of two primary colours
Colour
Tertiary colours:

Are a fusion of one primary and one
secondary colour.

Are between the primary and secondary
col...
Colour
Tint:

Tint refers to a light value and is
accomplished by adding white to the pure
colour on the colour wheel
Colour
Shade:

Shade is a dark value and is created by
adding black to the pure colour on the colur
wheel.
A Colour Wheel


                 Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’
                 Dewayne L. Ingram
Colour Schemes
Colours are combined into colour schemes
for practical applications
Colour Schemes
 Monochromatic
 Analogous
 Complementary
Colour Schemes
Monochromatic:

A monochromatic colour scheme consists of
different tints and shades of one colour
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Colour Schemes
Analogous:

An analogous colour scheme combines
colours which are side-by-side on the colour
wheel
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Colour Schemes
Complementary:

A complementary colour scheme combines
colours directly across the colour wheel
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Colour and Perspective
Warm colours like red, orange and yellow
advance an object towards the observer.

Cool colours rece...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Colours and Mood
Cool colours are restful

Warm colours suggest action
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Form
Form can be discussed in terms of individual
plant growth habits or as a the plant
arrangement.
Form
Examples:

     Upright
     Columnar
     Spreading
     Weeping
Form refers to the shape and structure of a plant or mass of
plants

                                       Source: ‘Basic...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Space
The character of space around an object can
distract, focus, or alter our impression.

A cluttered background tends ...
Texture
Texture describes the surface quality of an
object that can be seen or felt.
Texture
Examples:

     Coarse
     Medium
     Fine
     Smooth
     Rough
     Glossy
     Dull
Plant Texture


                Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’
                Dewayne L. Ingram
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Principles of Design
The principles of design are concepts used
to organise the elements of design.
Contrast
Contrast adds interest and can be achieved
using various design elements

Examples

    Colour
    Form
    Textu...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Rhythm
Rhythm is achieved when the elements of
design create a feeling of motion which
leads the viewer’s eye through the ...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Rhythm
As a creator of a plant display you will be
able to evoke a feeling of ordered rhythm
and purpose when the same the...
Line
Line is related to eye movement or flow.

Line is also created vertically by changes in plant
height.

      Straight...
Line is created by the way that plants fit or flow together


                                       Source: ‘Basic Princi...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Balance
Balance refers to the balance of visual
attraction.

    Symmetrical balance is achieved when one
    side of the ...
Balance refers to equilibrium or equity of visual attraction


                                       Source: ‘Basic Princ...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Scale
Scale refers to the size of the design in
relation to the surroundings.
The size of plantings compared to human scale must be
considered

                                    Source: ‘Basic Princ...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Proportion
Proportion refers to the size of parts the
design in relation to each other and to the
design as a whole.
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
One large tree may compliment an office building but dwarf
a single storey house

                                    Sour...
Focal Area and Emphasis
Focal Area or Focalisation involves leading of
visual observation towards a feature by
placement o...
Straight lines create strong focalisation when compared to
curved lines

                                      Source: ‘Ba...
Emphasis (top) or Focalise (bottom)


                                      Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’...
Repetition
Repetition refers to the repeated use of
features like plant or objects that share an
identical shape, line, fo...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Repetition
Using too much repetition may create a
sense of monotony.

Too much variety in a display will create a
cluttere...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Sequence
Sequence is the repetition of similar but not
identical plants, surfaces, colour or objects
used in a display.
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Simplicity
Simplicity compliments repetition and is
best achieved by getting rid of unnecessary
detail.
Simplicity
If a design contains too much detail or
variety then it will evoke a feeling of
confusion.

If a designer can r...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Unity
Unity is the underlying principle that
summarises all of the principles and
elements of design.
Unity
Unity is obtained by the effective use of
components in a design to express a main
idea through consistent style.

E...
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
References

‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’
Ingram, D.L.

‘Art, Design, and Visual thinking’
Cornell University
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Set Up, Maintain, And Dismantle Plantpowerpoint Pdf

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This presentation by Lisa Short for Otago Polytechnic's course on setting up and maintaining plant displays.

Some information used in this slideshow comes from Dewayne L. Ingram, University of Florida, 2009. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/MG086

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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Transcript of "Set Up, Maintain, And Dismantle Plantpowerpoint Pdf"

  1. 1. Set up, maintain, and dismantle plant displays Unit 21035
  2. 2. Site Constraints Growing Media Drainage Shelter Sun/Shade
  3. 3. Growing Media Is there growing media on site? Can media be brought in? How is the media contained? Do surfaces need protecting?
  4. 4. Drainage Are there any natural drainage problems? Where will the irrigation water go?
  5. 5. Shelter Is there shelter from the wind? Is there shelter from the rain?
  6. 6. Sun/Shade Too sunny? Too shady? Do we need to provide shade? How does this effect plant selection?
  7. 7. Types of Display Permanent planting Seasonal planting Staged container plants Planted in a growing medium Indoor Outdoor
  8. 8. Display Areas Permanent beds Containers Tiered benches Hanging baskets
  9. 9. Staging Staging, benches, stands Growing medium Supporting structures Waterproof membranes Display aids Rocks, gravels, mulches Labels, interpretative material Edging
  10. 10. Maintenance Watering Picking over Fertilising Rotation or replacement of plants Staking Pruning Mulching Plant health
  11. 11. Plant Health Pests Diseases Physiological disorders Light Temperature Water Draughts/winds
  12. 12. Dismantle Leave the area clean, tidy and ready for the next use Transport?
  13. 13. Elements of Design Colour Form Texture
  14. 14. Principles of Design Unity/Harmony Rhythm or line Balance - Symmetry or Asymmetry Dominance/Emphasis or Focal Area Scale Proportion Contrast
  15. 15. Elements of Design The elements of design are components or parts of a design which can be isolated and defined in any design or work of art.
  16. 16. Colour Primary colours: Red Blue Yellow
  17. 17. Colour Secondary colours: Orange Green Violet Are a combination of two primary colours
  18. 18. Colour Tertiary colours: Are a fusion of one primary and one secondary colour. Are between the primary and secondary colours on the colour wheel
  19. 19. Colour Tint: Tint refers to a light value and is accomplished by adding white to the pure colour on the colour wheel
  20. 20. Colour Shade: Shade is a dark value and is created by adding black to the pure colour on the colur wheel.
  21. 21. A Colour Wheel Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  22. 22. Colour Schemes Colours are combined into colour schemes for practical applications
  23. 23. Colour Schemes Monochromatic Analogous Complementary
  24. 24. Colour Schemes Monochromatic: A monochromatic colour scheme consists of different tints and shades of one colour
  25. 25. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  26. 26. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  27. 27. Colour Schemes Analogous: An analogous colour scheme combines colours which are side-by-side on the colour wheel
  28. 28. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  29. 29. Colour Schemes Complementary: A complementary colour scheme combines colours directly across the colour wheel
  30. 30. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  31. 31. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  32. 32. Colour and Perspective Warm colours like red, orange and yellow advance an object towards the observer. Cool colours recede, and can appear further away from the observer.
  33. 33. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  34. 34. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  35. 35. Colours and Mood Cool colours are restful Warm colours suggest action
  36. 36. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  37. 37. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  38. 38. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  39. 39. Form Form can be discussed in terms of individual plant growth habits or as a the plant arrangement.
  40. 40. Form Examples: Upright Columnar Spreading Weeping
  41. 41. Form refers to the shape and structure of a plant or mass of plants Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  42. 42. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  43. 43. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  44. 44. Space The character of space around an object can distract, focus, or alter our impression. A cluttered background tends to dimish the importance of the object, while a plain background draws attention to it.
  45. 45. Texture Texture describes the surface quality of an object that can be seen or felt.
  46. 46. Texture Examples: Coarse Medium Fine Smooth Rough Glossy Dull
  47. 47. Plant Texture Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  48. 48. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  49. 49. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  50. 50. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  51. 51. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  52. 52. Principles of Design The principles of design are concepts used to organise the elements of design.
  53. 53. Contrast Contrast adds interest and can be achieved using various design elements Examples Colour Form Texture
  54. 54. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  55. 55. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  56. 56. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  57. 57. Rhythm Rhythm is achieved when the elements of design create a feeling of motion which leads the viewer’s eye through the design. Examples: Colour Line Form
  58. 58. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  59. 59. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  60. 60. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  61. 61. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  62. 62. Rhythm As a creator of a plant display you will be able to evoke a feeling of ordered rhythm and purpose when the same theme, feature or pattern is repeated in a design.
  63. 63. Line Line is related to eye movement or flow. Line is also created vertically by changes in plant height. Straight lines tend to be forceful and direct the eye to a point faster than curved lines. Curved or free-flowing lines are graceful and gentle, creating a relaxing more natural feeling.
  64. 64. Line is created by the way that plants fit or flow together Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  65. 65. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  66. 66. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  67. 67. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  68. 68. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  69. 69. Balance Balance refers to the balance of visual attraction. Symmetrical balance is achieved when one side of the design is a mirror image of the other side. Asymetrical balance uses different design elements to balance visual attraction
  70. 70. Balance refers to equilibrium or equity of visual attraction Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  71. 71. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  72. 72. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  73. 73. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  74. 74. Scale Scale refers to the size of the design in relation to the surroundings.
  75. 75. The size of plantings compared to human scale must be considered Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  76. 76. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  77. 77. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  78. 78. Proportion Proportion refers to the size of parts the design in relation to each other and to the design as a whole.
  79. 79. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  80. 80. One large tree may compliment an office building but dwarf a single storey house Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  81. 81. Focal Area and Emphasis Focal Area or Focalisation involves leading of visual observation towards a feature by placement of this feature at the vanisihing point between lines. Straight lines create stonger focalisation than curved lines.
  82. 82. Straight lines create strong focalisation when compared to curved lines Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  83. 83. Emphasis (top) or Focalise (bottom) Source: ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Dewayne L. Ingram
  84. 84. Repetition Repetition refers to the repeated use of features like plant or objects that share an identical shape, line, form, color, and texture. If it is used well it will give a sense of unity.
  85. 85. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  86. 86. Repetition Using too much repetition may create a sense of monotony. Too much variety in a display will create a cluttered,busy feel which is not relaxing.
  87. 87. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  88. 88. Sequence Sequence is the repetition of similar but not identical plants, surfaces, colour or objects used in a display.
  89. 89. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  90. 90. Simplicity Simplicity compliments repetition and is best achieved by getting rid of unnecessary detail.
  91. 91. Simplicity If a design contains too much detail or variety then it will evoke a feeling of confusion. If a designer can reduce a display to a simple yet functional and attractive design then the objective is fulfilled.
  92. 92. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  93. 93. Unity Unity is the underlying principle that summarises all of the principles and elements of design.
  94. 94. Unity Unity is obtained by the effective use of components in a design to express a main idea through consistent style. Everything selected for a design must complement the central scheme and must, above all, serve some functional purpose.
  95. 95. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  96. 96. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  97. 97. Photo courtesy of Kim Thomas
  98. 98. References ‘Basic Principles of Landscape Design’ Ingram, D.L. ‘Art, Design, and Visual thinking’ Cornell University
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