Threat•Powerful and ruthless Mexican crime organizations such as the Gulf, Juarez, Los Zetas and Sinaloa Cartels dominate the lucrative U.S. drug and human smuggling market and constitute a public safety and homeland security threat to the U.S.•Mexican crime organizations utilize former military commandos such as the Zetas and Kaibiles, and transnational gangs, such as the Barrio Azteca, Texas Syndicate, MS-13 and the Mexican Mafia to support their operations on both sides of the border.
Transnational Threat• Every major gang in the State of Texas is connected to Mexican cartel smuggling operations. These gangs are responsible for a disproportionate amount of the violent crimes in our communities.
Gang Recruitment of TeensCartel hires Laredo teen as hit manHouston ChronicleGabriel Cardona, who is now 20, was charged with killing fivepeople in the span of 10 months. So far, he’s pleaded guilty totwo murder charges and faces three more.Cardona was the “hookup,” the connection between a high-level drug trafficker in Mexico and a rotating cast of teenagers Gabriel Cardonaand young men who act as assassins on the U.S. side of theborder.At least one, Rosalio Reta, a 17 year old Houston native, wastrained at a Gulf Cartel camp in Mexico.- Recruitment profile: American kids, age 17-24- Dubbed “Zetillas” – slang for “Baby Zetas” Rosalio Reta- Generally receive $5,000 - $50,000 for murder,depending on their role and target
Gang Recruitment of TeensTeen made $50,000 smuggling drugsacross borderEl Paso, Texas (CNN), April 21, 2009Danny Santos, now 21, says he became one of thethousands of American and Mexican teenagersrecruited into the dangerous world of drug smuggling.USBP officials in El Paso and San Diego report that inrecent months, they’ve seen a rise in the number of juvenile drug smugglersgetting busted at border checkpoints.At age 15, Santos says he met “a guy” at a party who introduced himto drug kingpins in Ciudad Juarez, MX.He was arrested once, but spent only a few days in jail. He said charges weredropped because he wasyounger than 18 when arrested and juvenile cases are sealed.
Threat Gang Recruitment of TeensTeen drug-smuggling arrests jump El Paso Times, March 30, 2009 EL PASO -- More juvenile drug smugglers have been arrested in March on the El Paso border than in the last two months combined, USBP officials said. There have been 17 accused smugglers age 17 and younger arrested in March compared with five in February and seven in January
Violence in MexicoThe body count continues to rise in Mexico asa result of cartel activity: Juarez Mexico 2008 1,609 6,290 2009: 2,657 7,724 2010: 1,631* 6,248** *As of 13 Jul 2010 **As of 15 Jul 2010
Reynosa Shootout: February 17-18, 2009 Across from McAllen, TX.
Operation RIO GRANDEBorder Operation Characteristics Dallam Sherman Hansford Ochiltree Lipscomb • 5 Border Sectors / 1 Corridor Hartley Moore Hutchinson Roberts Hemphill 287 • 8-24 Days in Duration Oldham Potter Carson Gray Wheeler June –October 2006 • June 2 – October 8, 2006 40 $9.7m Deaf Smith Randall Armstrong Donley Collingsworth • Local, State, Federal 27 Parmer Castro Swisher Briscoe Hall Childress Hardeman • Intelligence Based Operation EL 84 PASO Bailey Lamb Hale Floyd Motley Cottle Wilbarger Foard Wichita Clay Montague Lamar Cooke Cochran Hockley Lubbock Crosby Dickens King Knox Baylor Archer 287 Grayson Fannin Red River Bowie Delta 35 Franklin Yoakum Operation BIG Terry Lynn Garza Kent Stonewall Haskell Throckmorton Young Jack Wise Denton Collin Titus Morris Hunt Hopkins Cass 30 Camp Gaines BEND 87 84 Dawson Borden Scurry Fisher Jones Shackelford Stephens Palo Pinto Parker Tarrant Dallas Rockwall Rains Van Zandt Wood Upshur Marion Dona Ana Kaufman Harrison Gregg Hood Andrews Martin Howard Mitchell Nolan Taylor Callahan Eastland 35W Johnson Ellis 20 Smith 20 Luna Operation DEL RIO Erath Somervell Hill 35E Navarro Henderson Rusk Panola Comanche Bosque Cherokee Loving Winkler a Midland Glasscock Sterling Coke Runnels Coleman Anderson El Paso Brown Shelby Hamilton Freestone Nacogdoches McLennan Hidalgo Hudspeth Culberson Ward Crane 87 Mills Limestone San Augustine Upton Reagan Tom Green Coryell Houston 20 Concho Operation Leon Sabine Irion Falls Reeves Angelina McCulloch San Saba 10 Lampasas Bell 35 45 Trinity Robertson Jasper MadisonOperation DEL RIO Pecos Pecos 10 Schleicher Menard Burnet Milam CORRIDOR Polk Tyler Newton Jeff Davis Crockett Sutton Mason Llano TBSOC Williamson Brazos Grimes Walker San Jacinto June 2-27, 2006 Kimble Burleson Hardin Blanco Travis Montgomery Lee Gillespie Terrell Washington Liberty Orange BastropOperation LAREDO Presidio Kerr Hays Waller Val Verde Val Verde Edwards Kendall Austin Jefferson Fayette Harris Brewster Real Comal Caldwell Bandera 10 Chambers July 8-20, 2006 Bexar Guadalupe Gonzales Lavaca Colorado Fort Bend 59 Galveston Kinney Uvalde Medina Wharton Wilson BrazoriaOperation EL PASO Atascosa 37 Karnes DeWitt Jackson Matagorda Zavala Frio August 3-17, 2006 Maverick 35 Goliad Victoria Calhoun Dimmit La Salle Bee RefugioOperation BIG BEND McMullen Live Oak 77Aransas August 17-30, 2006 Webb Duval Jim Wells 281 San Patricio NuecesOperation VALLEY STAR Operation LAREDO Kleberg Operation VALLEY September 8-22, 2006 Zapata Jim Hogg Brooks Kenedy 77 STAROperation CORRIDOR Starr Hidalgo Willacy October 1-8, 2006 Cameron
Operation WRANGLER $6,043,937 Jan. – Apr. 2007 Began January 2007SOs throughoutall participating counties
Operation WRANGLER ResourcesTexas DPS (Night) Law Enforcement Agencies4 X Helicopters 90 Sheriff Departments ICE 138 Police Departments US Postal ServiceTexas CAP (Day) National Park Service DPS THP6 X Fixed Wing DPS CLE Railroad PoliceTexas Parks and Wildlife Texas Parks and Wildlife TSA8 X Patrol Boats Texas Cattleman’s Asso FBITexas Task Force - 1 DEA2 X Patrol BoatsCBP Air & Marine (Day / Night) US Coast Guard Law Enforcement / Texas Military Forces23 X Helicopters 3 X Helicopters • Local Law Enforcement18 X Fixed Wing 3 X Fixed Wing - 1854 Personnel, 512 Vehicles17 X Patrol Boats 8 X Patrol Boats • State Law EnforcementTexas Military Forces (Aviation Forces) - 359 personnel, 223 vehiclesOperation JUMP START (Night Operations) • Federal Law Enforcement - 10 X Helicopters - 2370 Personnel, 560 VehiclesOperation WRANGLER (Day) •Texas Military Forces (Operations JUMP START) - 5 X Helicopters - 1707 personnel, 751 vehicles - 6 X Fixed Wing •Texas Military Forces (Operation WRANGLER) - 604 personnel , 154 vehiclesTexas Military Forces (Ground Forces)Total Forces – 2311 (Operation JUMP START and WRANGLER) Total: 6894 personnel,Operation JUMP START – 1707 Guardsmen - 644 (Armed Border Security) 2200 vehiclesOperation WRANGLER – 604 Guardsmen - 356 (Armed Border Security) Aviation – Maritime Assets - 10 Security Platoons Local, State and Federal Aviation / Maritime - 2 Quick Reaction Force Platoons - 45 Helicopters - 4 Logistic Support Bases - 33 Fixed Wing Aircraft - 35 Patrol Boats / Ships
Texas Response ( 2008-2009)$110 million from 80th Texas Legislature has enabled:• Border-wide continuous operations with no break• Interagency participation Federal; State; Local• Seamless sharing of information Operation• Additional boots on the BORDER STAR Wal ker ground (overtime) Guadalu Border pe• Rapid re-direction of Operations resources and assets• Deployment of technology
Texas Response (2008-2009) Legislative funds provided:• 186 additional DPS Troopers, Investigators, Texas Rangers and support personnel• 45 additional Game Wardens• Four state-of-the-art helicopters• Six Joint Operations Intelligence Centers to support coordinated patrol operations• A Border Security Operations Center to support border- wide information sharing and operations• Law enforcement equipment, such as in-car computers, radio communications towers and radios, four-wheel drive vehicles, body armor, and weapons• Overtime and operational costs for local and state law enforcement
Texas Response (2008-2009)Boots on the GroundAdditional resources for overtime significantly increased patrol hours on the border:• 540,115 additional local enforcement hours• 472,644 additional Texas Highway Patrol hours• 49,572 additional Texas Parks and Wildlife Game Warden patrol hours• 10,056 additional DPS Aviation hours