Asian Leadership Across Borders - SAPIC 2013 UAD | Tjitra 2013.08

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Materials presented during The Southeast Asia Psychology International Conference 2013 - Yogyakarta, Indonesia, August 24 - August 26, 2013 - Prof. Dr. Hora Tjitra, Director of Tjitra & associates (www.tjitra.com) & Associate Professor for Applied Psychology at Zhejiang University

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Asian Leadership Across Borders - SAPIC 2013 UAD | Tjitra 2013.08

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. Hora Tjitra Zhejiang University, China Asian Leaderships across Borders Comparative Study on Chinese and Indonesian Top Leaders in Global Assignment Yogyakarta,  August  24st  2013 SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE 00 Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to th within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychologica Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspec from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. Th academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related t Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Conta Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Borobudur temple of the wonders world Pram temp legen Javan 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference 1 of 3 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  2. 2. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM ABSTRACT 2 The launching of the China-Asean Free Trade Agreement last year highlights a new era of pan- Asian collaboration. It creates the third largest free-trade area in the world and the largest one by population. On the contrary with what is commonly believed, Asians are very diverse. It is difficult to generalize when doing business in Asia, even for the Asian themselves. Different stages of modernization, as well as diverse race, ethnic, religion and languages are some of the more obvious diversity among the Asian. The papers will present recent research on Chinese and Indonesian top managers and business leaders, how they lead their team and organization in Indonesia (Chinese Leaders) and China (Indonesian Leaders). While Indonesian expatriates in China perform their leadership roles with strong focus on managing the working climate and caring about the people they are working with; Chinese expatriates in Indonesian perform their leadership roles with strong emphasize on motivating higher work engagement and increasing working performance. The Indonesian believe more that ‘happy workers are productive workers’, and the Chinese tends to rely their success by setting correct goal, giving clear instruction, controlling by measurable result indicators, and motivating by fair rewarding and punishment. Those and more of the commonalities and differences on the cross-cultural leadership of the Chinese and Indonesian leaders will be demonstrated and discussed. Tuesday, September 3, 13
  3. 3. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM 3 • Tjitra  &  associates  is  an  interna)onal  management  consul)ng  firm   founded   by   Dr.   Tjitra   with   offices   in   Hong   Kong,   Shanghai,   Hangzhou  and  Jakarta.  Our  work  focuses  on  the  CULTURE,  TALENT   and  CHANGE. • Over  the  last  fiMeen  years,  Dr.  Tjitra  and  his  team  have  collected   Interna)onal   project   experiences   at   the   global,   regional   and   na)onal  level  in  the  US,  Europe  and  Asia  with  senior  leaders  from   over  forty  countries.   • A   team   of   mul)lingual   psychologists   are   dedicated   to   strive   for   excellence   and   provide   tailor-­‐made   service   solu)ons.  We   devote   ourselves   in   ensuring   sustainable   business   results   by   understanding  the  exact  needs  and  situa)on  of  our  clients. Companies and Organizations we have been working with ...* *  only  selected  list  and  not  complete h.p://www.tjitra.com Tuesday, September 3, 13
  4. 4. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM OVER 18 YEARS COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCH ON GLOBAL INDONESIANS* * List of publications displays a selection and is not complete Star2ng  from  1994  on  Indonesian  students  in  Germany, follow  with  Intercultural  Synergy  in  Professional  Team, than  Intercultural  Sensi2vity  of  Global  Indonesians, Global  Indonesian  Leadership  in  Asian  Context, and  the  recent  CEO’s  studies  in  Change  ....   VUCAWORLD LEADERSHIP: INDONESIA. THE NEXT GREAT EXPORTER OF TALENT? 42 THE BIG INTERVIEW: KOH BOON HWEE’S REFLECTIONS ON LEADERSHIP 70 TECHNOLOGY: THE BEST BUSINESS APPS FOR LEADERS ON THE MOVE 86 BEYOND BUSINESS: LESSONS FROM MILITARY LEADERSHIP 78 The building blocks of success Singapore SG $18 Malaysia RM 35 Australia AUD $18 Hong Kong HK $99 India INR 250 Japan JPY ¥1,200 ISSUE 05/2013 SURVIVINGTHE REDEFINING BUSINESS LEADERSHIP WWW.HCLI.ORG ISSN 2251-387-6 9 772251 387001 52 Q|Thinking edisi 15 || Januari 2013 PERAN PROFESIONAL INDONESIA DI KANCAH GLOBAL Prof. Dr. HoraTjitra “Jadi nanti, calon leader yang di masa depan, dia akan bisa dimana pun juga karena dia adalah leader yang bisa menyesuaikan diri dengan berbagai macam cuaca” (Responden,Tjitra et al, 2011). Tuesday, September 3, 13
  5. 5. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM CONTENT 5 DIVERSITY IN ASIA - CHINA AND INDONESIA 5 RESEARCH METHOD - GROUNDED THEORY 9 INDONESIAN INTERNATIONAL ASSIGNEES IN CHINA 14 CHINESE INTERNATIONAL ASSIGNEES IN INDONESIA 21 ASIAN LEADERSHIP ACROSS BORDERS 28 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  6. 6. Diversity in Asia Tuesday, September 3, 13
  7. 7. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM REGIONAL DIVERSITY OF ASIAN CULTURAL DOMAIN 7 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  8. 8. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM REGIONAL DIVERSITY OF ASIAN CULTURAL DOMAIN 7 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  9. 9. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM REGIONAL DIVERSITY OF ASIAN CULTURAL DOMAIN 7 Confucius Tradition, Homogenous Society Tuesday, September 3, 13
  10. 10. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM REGIONAL DIVERSITY OF ASIAN CULTURAL DOMAIN 7 Confucius Tradition, Homogenous Society The Unity of Ultimate in Diversity Tuesday, September 3, 13
  11. 11. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM INDONESIA: ULTIMATE IN DIVERSITY 8 ● Indonesia has around 300 ethnic groups, each with cultural identities developed over centuries, and influenced by Indian, Arabic, Chinese and European sources significantly. ● The main ethnic group is the Javanese, who comprise 42% of the population, and are politically and culturally dominant. ● A sense of Indonesian nationhood exists alongside strong regional identities. Society is largely harmonious, although social ,religious and ethnic tensions have triggered horrendous violence. ● The country has extensive natural resources, including crude oil, natural gas, tin, copper and gold, which attracts more and more foreign investment in recent years. Capital and largest city Jakarta 6°10.5!S 106°49.7!E Official languages Indonesian Demonym Indonesian Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic - President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono - Vice President Boediono Legislature People's Consultative Assembly - Upper house Regional Representative Council - Lower house People's Representative Council mportant trade Srivijaya and then a. Local rulers us and political indu and Buddhist as been influenced urces. Muslim while European e another to aluku during the alf centuries of ndependence after e been turbulent, corruption, periods of rapid native ethnic and ally dominant – entity has ethnic diversity, m population, and nst it. Indonesia's Unity in Diversity" diversity that ation and densely Independence from the Netherlands - Declared 17 August 1945 - Acknowledged 27 December 1949 Area - Land 1,904,569 km2 (15th) 735,358 sq mi - Water (%) 4.85 Population - 2011 census 237,424,363[3] (4th) - Density 124.66/km2 (84th) 322.87/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate - Total $1.314 trillion[3] (15th) - Per capita $5,302[3] (117th) GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate - Total $946.391 billion[3] (16th) - Per capita $3,816[3] (105th) Gini (2010) 35.6[4] medium HDI (2012) 0.629[5] medium · 121st Currency Rupiah (Rp) (IDR) Time zone various (UTC+7 to +9) Drives on the left Calling code +62 ISO 3166 code ID Internet TLD .id populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread.[7][8] Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 3 Government and politics 4 Foreign relations and military 5 Administrative divisions 6 Geography 7 Biota and environment 8 Economy 9 Demographics 10 Culture 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links Etymology Further information: Names of Indonesia The name Indonesia derives from the Latin and Greek Indus, and the Greek nèsos, meaning "island".[9] The name dates to the 18th century, far predating the formation of independent Indonesia.[10] In 1850, George Windsor Earl, an English ethnologist, proposed the terms Indunesians — and, his preference, Malayunesians — for the inhabitants of the "Indian Archipelago or Malayan Archipelago".[11] In the same publication, a student of Earl's, James Richardson Logan, used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago.[12][13] However, Dutch academics writing in East Indies publications were reluctant to use Indonesia. Instead, they used the terms Malay Archipelago (Maleische Archipel); the Netherlands East Indies (Nederlandsch Oost Indië), popularly Indië; the East (de Oost); and Insulinde.[14] After 1900, the name Indonesia became more common in academic circles outside the Netherlands, and ! Tuesday, September 3, 13
  12. 12. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM 9 THE PEOPLE OF REPUBLIC CHINA - 中华人民共和国 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  13. 13. Research Method Tuesday, September 3, 13
  14. 14. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM PHASE 1 : RESEARCH RESPONDENTS - JOB POSITION Type Job TitleJob TitleJob TitleJob Title TotalType Business Owner Top / Senior Manager (incl. President, GM, VP, Director, etc.) Manager Others Total Total 13 54 53 17 137 In-Depth Interviews in Indonesia In-Depth Interviews in Indonesia 15 Chinese Expatriate 8 Singaporean Expatriate 15 Indonesian Co-workers 15 Indonesian Co-workers In-Depth Interviews in China In-Depth Interviews in China 16 Indonesian Expatriate 16 Singaporean Expatriate 11 Chinese Co-workers 14 Chinese Co-workers In-Depth Interviews in Singapore In-Depth Interviews in Singapore Indonesian Expatriate 20 Singaporean Co-workers 9 11 & 2 case study of Global Indonesian profile ✴ Chairman of one of Indonesian largest industrial conglomerates ✴ Ex- CEO of IBM Indonesia ‣ Associate Director of US MNC - Global Fortune 500 consumer, healthcare and pharmaceutical company ✴ Early - 60 ‣ Early - 40 ✴ International assignments in: • Hong Kong • New York • Tokyo ‣ International assignments in: • US • Malaysia • Singapore Tuesday, September 3, 13
  15. 15. Interview 1 Interview 2 SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM GROUNDED THEORY - FRAMEWORK OF STUDY 12 Preparation: minimizing pre-conception Theoretical Sampling In-Depth Interview Analysis: comparison & sensitizing concepts Memoing: theorization & integration Theoretical Outline Sorting: conceptual sorting of memos Report & Writing Research Objectives and Questions Agreement Disagreement Exception Explanation Better Understanding Tuesday, September 3, 13
  16. 16. Indonesian International Assignees in China Tuesday, September 3, 13
  17. 17. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM INDONESIAN CROSS-CULTURAL LEADERSHIP IN CHINA 14 Motivating Indonesian Leadership Org. Commitment & Working Performance Personable Mediator Valued Business Relationship Climate Management & Caring Relationship Tuesday, September 3, 13
  18. 18. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM INDONESIAN EXPATRIATE: PERSONABLE MEDIATOR - INTERPERSONAL SKILL 15 DIVERSITY EXPOSURE • Recognizing differences • Accept differences • Readiness to adjust • Good at understanding culture Advantages / Causes CALM - HALUS Challenges to Success / Conditions PERSONABLE • Warm & Sincere • Ritual & Respect • Willing to share • Willing to understand others • Calm in conflict • Good temper & Peaceful • Forgiveness & Tolerance • Language • Implicit style for caring other’s feeling • Straightforward content for conveying message COMMUNICATIONMEDIATOR & ACCOMMODATOR • Mediator / Bridging • Taking perspectives • Open to new situation • Good at adaptation • Soft, quiet, shy Cutting Points MAY APPEAR TO BE WEAK • Avoid conflict/offend Tuesday, September 3, 13
  19. 19. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM VALUED BUSINESS RELATIONSHIP 16 MULTIPLE CHALLENGE •Various tests •No real respect •Express dissatisfaction •Defrauds GAINED TRUST •Trust needs to be gained •“Invest” on gaining trust •Valuable trust - being protected FACE & CREDIBILITY •Respect •Tolerant •Keep promise •Honest & Transparent TECHNICAL EXPERTISE •Knowledge & Experience •International exposure •Local business approach Commitment & Performance Personal Mediator Climate Management & Caring Relationship Tuesday, September 3, 13
  20. 20. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM MOTIVATING RELATIONSHIP AND LEADERSHIP 17 CONSULTATIVE LEADERSHIP • Open-door policy • Decision making involvement • Less controlling • Team spirit ADAPTED CN LEADERSHIP • Provide direction • Target communication • Periodic monitoring • Rewarding-punishment system TRUST & EMPOWERMENT • Give change to try • Willing to teach and share • Believe & Trust • More delegation • Support & feedback TARGET ADJUSTMENT & FAILURE TOLERANCE • Frequent Target modification • Readiness to accept failure • Seldom show disappointing Personal Mediator Motivating Indonesian Leadership Commitment & Performance Tuesday, September 3, 13
  21. 21. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM BUSINESS IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT & WORKING PERFORMANCE 18 IMPROVEMENT & PROTECTION • Internally reflection and criticize for improvement • Externally protect company image • Provide suggestions INITIATIVES & EXTENDED RESPONSIBILITIES • Take initiatives • Increased ownership • Consider from company perspective • Do more than personal responsibility LOYALTY • Less turnover • Highly attached to organization GET THINGS DONE • Chinese Problem Solving • Nothing is impossible • Persistent • Hardworking • Big goals Motivating Indonesian LeadershipValued Business Relationship Climate Management & Caring Relationship Org. Commitment & Performance Tuesday, September 3, 13
  22. 22. China International Assignees in Indonesia Tuesday, September 3, 13
  23. 23. Org. Commitment & Working Performance SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM CHINESE CROSS-CULTURAL LEADERSHIP IN INDONESIA 20 Relationship & Trust Building Motivating Leadership Task-Oriented Problem Solving Value Conflict Tuesday, September 3, 13
  24. 24. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM CONFLICT OF WORK RELATED VALUES 21 Relationship & Trust Building Motivating Leadership Commitment & Performance Value ConflictMay appear to be Lazy/Slow Cutting Points • Fierce competition & High pressure • Fight for success • Desire for more • Saving habit • Consider long-term impact • Long-term planning • Amount > Timely FUTURE ORIENTATION VS. PRESENT ORIENTATION MEANING OF “WORK”: GOAL OF LIFE VS. WORK-LIFE BALANCE • No saving habit • Enjoy “today” • No systematic planning • Timely > Amount • Work-Life balance • Enjoy working • Working ethic - “taking” ideas, negative competition, break rules • Peaceful and positive life attitude • Live and work leisurely • Easy to be satisfied • Life is work • Working is a MUST • Working ethic - time awareness, efficiency, perfectionism FIGHT FOR MORE VS. NRIMA (ACCEPT) Tuesday, September 3, 13
  25. 25. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM CHINESE VALUES: WORK CENTRALITY & FUTURE ORIENTATION 22 • With a very large population and a rather inhospitable natural environment, securing even survival level economic output has required considerable effort. Put simply, people have needed to work hard to sustain themselves – and still do. (Westwood, R. I. & Lok, P. 2003) FIGHT FOR MOREWORK CENTRALITY • Both Chinese contexts display a high work centrality orientation and a highly pragmatic, instrumental view of work (Westwood, R. I. & Lok, P. 2003) • Work thus has very instrumental ends for Hong Kong people – away of facilitating upward social mobility, gaining economic security, and achieving status and prestige. • Leisure and life outside of work was insignificant, a notion shared by most of the participants: Of course time spent at work is more important. Work directly relates to my income and company profit. • Work was critical in the daily lives of these Chinese workers. (Li, J., & Madsenb, J. 2009) • Chinese have been, and generally still are, willing to exert enormous amounts of effort in search of familial improvements and security(Harrell, H. 1985) • Chinese culture is strongly materialistic. This value orientation has been given free expression in Hong Kong where the socio-economic and political context has allowed for a relatively unfettered pursuit of material rewards, the accumulation of wealth, and vigorous consumption patterns (Westwood, R. I. & Lok, P. 2003) FUTURE-ORIENTATION • On the long-term side one finds values oriented towards the future, like thrift (saving) and persistence. (Hofstede, G. 1993) • Confucian dynamism referred positively to Confucian values of persistence, greater respect for status, higher value on thrift, and a greater sense of shame as future-minded mentality. (Li, J., & Madsenb, J. 2009) • Lim (2003) defines thrift and hard work as one of CWE. Tuesday, September 3, 13
  26. 26. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM MOTIVATING LEADERSHIP BY OBJECTIVES 23 Motivating Leadership Commitment& Performance • Multiple rewarding • Effective punishment • Difficult to implement punishment in Indonesia REWARDING-PUNISHMENT MOTIVATING MECHANISM CHINESE AUTHORITARIAN LEADERSHIP IN-GROUP / OUT-GROUP DIFFERENTIATION PARTICIPATIVE LEADERSHIP VS. CONSULTATIVE LEADERSHIP INSUFFICIENT LOCALIZATION • Directive & Decisive • Authoritarian • Hierarchical & Keep power distance • Responsibility taker & Problem solver • Collective decision making • Personal caring for employees • Expectation on subordinates’ participation • Discussion and explanation on implementation • Strongly influenced by head office • Less empowerment to Indonesians • Poor integration with local culture Value Conflict • Differentiated situation, e.g. job distribution, management level, etc. • Differentiated treatment • Chinese ethnocentric Tuesday, September 3, 13
  27. 27. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM BUSINESS IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT & WORKING PERFORMANCE 24 Relationship & Trust Building Motivating Leadership Organizational Commitment & Working Performance ValueConflict ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT • Less ownership • High turnover WORKING ATTITUDE AND PERFORMANCE PERSONAL INITIATIVE • Less motivated to work • Working performance needs to be improved • Less active feedback • Take personal initiatives Task-OrientedProblemSolving Tuesday, September 3, 13
  28. 28. Asian Leadership across Borders Tuesday, September 3, 13
  29. 29. ❖ Achievement Driven ❖ Professionalism ❖ Facilitative Leadership SINGAPOREAN EXPATRIATES IN INDONESIA CHINESE EXPATRIATES IN INDONESIA ❖ Strong Drive ❖ Personal Advancement ❖ Systematic Improvement ❖ Country Brand ❖ Internationalism ❖ Master of Planning SINGAPOREAN EXPATRIATES IN CHINA ❖ Exposure to Diversity ❖ Warm and Personable ❖ Integrator INDONESIAN EXPATRIATES IN CHINA 26 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  30. 30. ❖ Achievement Driven ❖ Professionalism ❖ Facilitative Leadership SINGAPOREAN EXPATRIATES IN INDONESIA CHINESE EXPATRIATES IN INDONESIA ❖ Strong Drive ❖ Personal Advancement ❖ Systematic Improvement ❖ Country Brand ❖ Internationalism ❖ Master of Planning SINGAPOREAN EXPATRIATES IN CHINA ❖ Exposure to Diversity ❖ Warm and Personable ❖ Integrator INDONESIAN EXPATRIATES IN CHINA Whoyouaredependson WhereYouAre! 26 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  31. 31. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM POSSIBLE ORGANIZATIONAL INTERVENTION ‣ Building Self-Confidence & Developing Assertiveness ‣ Creating (Inter-) National Talent Pool ✴ Selection ✴ Support ✴ Coaching ✴ Training ✴ Networking 27 into Intercultural sensitivity Transforming the Intra-cultural sensitivity GETTING FAMILIAR WITH INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS EXPERIENCES FOREIGN COLLEAGUES AND BOSS IN HOME COUNTRY INTERNATIONAL PROJECT / VIRTUAL TEAMS INTENSIVE WORKING AND LIVING ABROAD LEADING ANOTHER CULTURES 1 2 3 4 Tuesday, September 3, 13
  32. 32. COMINGSOON !! OurLATESTbooksonGlobalTalent.... basedon18yearsintensiveresearch ofGlobalIndonesian Tuesday, September 3, 13
  33. 33. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM Global Indonesian Network Global Indonesian-Network (GI-Net) is a series of events aiming to promote an open and interactive dialogue between the academic world and business practices. Involved are people who take an active role in an Indonesian-international working environment. • We   make   sure   that   research   addresses   the   needs   of   businesses   and   organiza5ons   and   provide   a   pla9orm   of   learning  and  sharing,  where  theory  meets  reality • Themes  to  be  raised  in   our   forum  will   focus  on  the  three   domains   cross-­‐cultural   competence,   talent   &   leadership   development  as  well  as  strategic  change  &  transforma5on • Business  implica5ons  based  on  our  findings  will  further  be   GLOBAL INDONESIAN NETWORK Global Indonesian NetworkGlobal Indonesian Network www.globalindonesian.net @htjitra Tuesday, September 3, 13
  34. 34. SAPICSAPIC 20132013 CONFERENCECONFERENCE daysdays 0404 hrshrs 1212 minmin 5555 5656 secsec 3333 3232 RegistrationRegistration Call for Papers In recent years, the Southeast Asia region is filled with a variety of problems, ranging from the economic crisis, political crisis, family crisis and social crisis. Within the spiritual dimension, there is found that many people lost their meaningful life. Caused by the crisis of faith, they get caught up in confusion about the existences of their lives, and engage in self-destructive conducts. All this effect is due to the emptiness of the spiritual dimension within the individual. The effect of lack of spiritual meaning will impact on reduction of happiness, psychological and physical well-being. Goal and Target Audience The Southeast Asia Psychology International conference has a goal to collect a wide range of solutions, perspectives and recommendations resulting from the scientific research, which has been especially tailored to the culture of Southeast Asia in particular. This international conference invites academics, researchers and postgraduate student to participate in conveying their ideas and research related to the theme of this conference namely Spirituality, Well-being and Social Harmony Home News Agenda Committee Speakers Download Contacts Our World Class SpeakersOur World Class Speakers Do not miss your chance to meet other researchersDo not miss your chance to meet other researchers Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta,Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference, August 2013, Jogyakarta, IndonesiaIndonesia Register Now! Borobudur temple of the wonders world Prambanan temple the legend of Javanese 2 Southeast-Asia Psychology Positive International Conference http://iaesonline.com/sapic/ 1 of 3 8/20/13 9:04 PM GLOBAL INDONESIAN NETWORK CAN ADD TO YOUR SUCCESS • You   will   be   able   to   apply   current   research   to   the   challenges  faced  in  daily  business  life • Get  in  touch  with  people  in  similar  work  environment   to  share  knowledge  and  experience • Develop  yourself  in  the  area  of  intercultural  diversity,   talent  and  change  management • Add   value   to   your   organiza5on   with   concrete   knowledge   on   current   interna5onal   business   maGers   and  industry  characteris5cs Tuesday, September 3, 13
  35. 35. THANK YOU ! Contact  us  via  … gi-net@tjitra.com www.globalindonesian.net @htjitra hora tjitra Global Indonesian Network Global Indonesian Network Tuesday, September 3, 13

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