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Folk literature 1

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  • 1. FOLK LITERATURE Stories passed down from generation to generation Most of the time, authors are unknown Include: Myths, Tall Tales, Folk Tales, and Epics
  • 2. 1. Myth A fictional tale that explains the actions of gods or the causes of natural phenomena (like lightning, or the seasons)  No real historical truth  Involved supernatural elements
  • 3. Myth Purposes:  Cultural history and reinforce values  Explain “how” or “why” certain things happened  Entertainment
  • 4. 2. Folk Tales Originally oral tradition Often contain: heroes, adventure, magic, and romance Includes fairy tales and legends
  • 5. Folk Tale Purpose:  Explain the natural world  Reinforce values; teach lessons  Entertain
  • 6. 3. Folk “Tall” Tales Humorous story in which  character possess superhuman abilities  Impossible happenings occur Told in common, everyday language Usually have some realistic detail
  • 7. 4. Epic A long narrative poem about the deeds of gods or heroes in war or travel Written in ornate, poetic language
  • 8. EPIC Incorporates myth, legend, history, and often intervention of the gods. The poet begins by announcing the subject and asking a Muse (one of the nine goddesses of the arts, lit, or science), to help
  • 9. Famous Epics The Odyssey The Iliad Beowulf Paradise Lost