Impact of Geography
population, level of
How do you think
impact these areas?
The Sahara and Sahel
Because it is a vast desert, the
Sahara & Sahel makes life
The majority of those who live in
this area raise sheep, goats, and
People who live in the Sahara
tend to be nomads (move from
place to place) because they must
constantly find water and grazing
Because trees are scarce their
homes are often made out of grass
They are often cattle herders.
Because water is more abundant,
savanna peoples are typically less
nomadic than people in the Sahara
If they migrate (move from one
place to another), they tend to do so
according to predictable wet and dry
There are many different
ethnic groups in Africa.
Ethnic groups are based
What determines your
Ethnic Groups of Africa
● White Africans
Some religions may be more popular among
certain ethnic groups than others.
However, just because people are part of a
certain ethnic group, that doesn't mean they
automatically belong to a certain ethnic group.
- Not all white people are Christian or Jewish.
- Not all black Africans hold to native faiths.
- Just because people are Arabs doesn't
mean that they are Muslim.
North African nations like
Egypt and Morocco have
large Arab populations.
Arab peoples have dark
Islam tends to be the main
religion among Arabs.
(others are practiced
Originally from C. Africa, but
over thousands of years migrated
to southern Africa.
Brought to southern Africa,
advanced forms of agriculture
and iron tools.
(One of the largest migrations in history!)
Tried to justify racism
(apartheid)= white & black
settlers arrived at the same time.
(Equal claim to land?!)
The Ashanti formed a powerful
West African empire before
Today, they are a major ethnic
group in western Africa.
Ashanti practice a number of
traditional, African religions.
However, Christianity is the
predominant religion among
The Swahili people live
along the coast of East
Many Africans who are
not Swahili speak some
form of the Swahili
Most Swahili people are
Muslim. (however many
traditional and other religions
More than 1 in 3 adults
Literacy is the ability to read &
Due to colonization and oppression,
much of Africa's population is
Low literacy makes it difficult for
African nations to compete
This keeps many African nations
poor and the standard of living low.
Great deal of effort is going into
improving literacy in Africa.
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