praha

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praha

  1. 1. Prague The capital city of Prague is the most significant urban conservation area in the Czech Republic. Since 1992 the historical heart of Prague covering an area of 866 hectares has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Since the Middle Ages, Prague has had a reputation of one of the most beautiful cities in the world, being given attributes such as “golden”, “city of 100 towers”, “crown of the world” and “stone dream”. The city represents a unique complex of historical monuments dominated by Prague Castle. Prague is a demonstration of all artistic styles. The historical heart of the city spreads across both banks of the river Vltava and consists of six quarters, formerly independent towns, put together in the 18th century.
  2. 2. Charles Bridge Charles Bridge (Czech: Karlův most /wiki/File:Cs-Karluv_most.ogg /wiki/File:Cs-Karluv_most.ogglisten (help·info)) is a famous historical bridge that crosses the Vltava river in Prague, Czech Republic Its construction started in 1357 under the auspices of King Charles IV, and finished in the beginning of 15th century. As the only means of crossing the river Vltava (Moldau), the Charles Bridge used to be the most important connection between the Old Town, Prague Castle and adjacent areas until 1841. Also this 'solid-land' connection made Prague important as a trade route between east and west Europe. The bridge was originally called the Stone Bridge (Kamenný most) or the Prague Bridge (Pražský most) but has been the quot;Charles Bridgequot; since 1870.
  3. 3. Prague Castle Prague Castle (Czech: Pražský hrad, former Austrian: Prager Burg) is a castle in Prague where the Czech kings, Holy Roman Emperors and presidents of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic have had their offices. The Czech Crown Jewels are kept here. Prague Castle is one of the biggest castles in the world (according to Guinness Book of Records the biggest ancient castle [1]) at about 570 meters in length and an average of about 130 meters wide. The history of the castle stretches back to the 9th century (870). The first walled building was the church of . The Basilica of Saint George and the Basilica of St. Vitus were founded in tOur Ladyhe first half of the 10th century. The first convent in Bohemia was founded in the castle, next to the church of St. George. A Romanesque palace was erected here during the 12th century. In the 14th century, under the reign of Charles IV the royal palace was rebuilt in Gothic style and the castle fortifications were strengthened
  4. 4. Prague Orloj One of the most famous of this type of clock is the Old- Town Hall clock in Prague, Czech Republic. It is also known as the Prague Orloj. The central portion was completed in 1410. The four figures are set in motion at the hour, with Death (represented by a skeleton) striking the time. On the hour there is a presentation of statues of the Apostles at the doorways above the clock, with all twelve presented at noon. In 1870 a calendar display was added below the clock. During World War II the clock was nearly destroyed by Nazi fire. The townspeople are credited with heroic efforts in saving most of the parts. It was gradually renovated till 1948. In 1979 the clock was once more cleaned and renovated. According to local legend the city will suffer if the clock is neglected and its good operation is placed in jeopardy.
  5. 5. Czech Flag The national flag of the Czech Republic (Czech: státní vlajka České republiky) is the same as the flag of the former Czechoslovakia. Upon the dissolution of Czechoslovakia the Czech Republic kept the Czechoslovak flag while the Slovak Republic adopted its own flag. The first flag of Czechoslovakia was based on the arms, and was white over red. This was identical to the Flag of Poland, so a blue triangle was added at the hoist. The flag was banned by the Nazis in 1938, and a horizontal tricolor of white, red, and blue was enforced. The original flag was restored in 1945. When the Czech and Slovak Republics separated in 1993, the Czechs adopted a flag identical to the former flag of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, in direct violation of the constitutional act that explicitly forbids former federal symbols to be used by the two successor states.[1]
  6. 6. Petřín Tower The Petřínská rozhledna (Petřín lookout tower) is a 60 metre high steel framework tower in Prague, which strongly resembles the Eiffel Tower. Although it is much shorter than the Eiffel Tower, it stands atop a sizable hill, Petřín, so the top is at almost the same altitude. The Petřínská rozhledna was built in 1891 and was used as an observation tower as well as a transmission tower. Today the Petřínská rozhledna is a major tourist attraction. If you go up the hard way, the hill is roughly a half-hour walk up paths that get quite slippery when it snows, and the tower is a shorter but fairly tiring climb; however, the hill is served by a frequent funicular and the tower has an elevator for disabled persons. On clear days, the tower offers a good view of the Prague skyline.
  7. 7. The end Anetka  Denisa 

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