Praha Prague see also other names ), is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic . Its official name is Hlavní město Praha, meaning Prague, the Capital City. Situated on the River Vltava in central Bohemia , Prague has been the political, cultural, and economic centre of the Czech state for more than 1100 years. The city proper is home to more than 1.2 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 1.9 million. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites . According to Guinness World Records , Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world. Nicknames for Prague have included "the mother of cities" (Praga mater urbium, or "Praha matka měst" in Czech)", "city of a hundred spires " and "the golden city.
BASIC PRAGUE AND CZECH REPUBLIC INFO Situation of the CR : In the centre of Europe Borders with countries : Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Poland Area of the CR : 78 866 square km Population of the CR : 10,28 million inhabitants Location of Prague : In the centre of Czech Republic, at 50°05"N and 14°27"E Area of Prague : 496 square km Population of Prague : 1,21 million inhabitants Executive language : Czech language Currency : Czech crown - czech symbol "Kc", international symbol "CZK" 1 Kc = 100 groat, czech symbol "h" Coins: 10h, 20h, 50h and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 Kc Banknotes: 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 Kc