Skull<br />Week 3<br />Sites of Interest for skull drawings<br />Honoria Starbuck Art Institute of Austin Anatomy and Drawing<br />
Leonardo da Vinci<br />Contemporary artist J. Francis<br />Methods for measuring are handed down through the ages.<br />
When studying the perspective of your subject, first establish the horizon line (purple) - which is horizontal - is situated.<br /> Once this is placed, all reference lines below and above your horizon line should converge on imagined vanishing points to either side of the subject. <br />
How to Draw the Head From Any Angle<br />Stan Prokopenko<br />http://www.stanprokopenko.com/blog/2009/05/draw-head-any-angle/<br />
Visualizing the underlying forms<br />The head deconstructed into its basic form<br /> a sphere as the cranium and a block as the jaw and cheek bones.<br />
A Sphere as the Cranium<br />The sides of the head are flat, so we can slice off a piece from both sides of the ball. <br />From profile, this plane will be a perfect circle, but when drawing it from any other angle, it will appear to be an oval because of perspective. <br />Divide this oval into quadrants. The vertical line represents the beginning of the jaw. The horizontal line represents the brow line.<br />
A Block as the Jaw and Cheek Bones<br />Attach the shape of the jaw. <br />The top will start at the brow line and the back will start at the center of the oval.<br />This is a 3-D volume with a front plane, side planes, and bottom plane (bottom plane is seen from some angles).<br />
Step 1 - Determine the angle of the ball<br />The angle of the head is established at the very beginning of the drawing with the ball. All three axes must be addressed:<br />Up & Down<br />Side to Side<br />Twist<br />
Step 2 - Find the thirds<br />After establishing the angle of the ball, divide the face into thirds. <br />The distance between the hairline and brow-line should be the same as the distance between the brow-line and bottom of the nose. <br />Add that same distance to find the chin. <br />Imagine the head as a box. <br />The thirds must be wrapped around the side plane and front plane. <br />
Step 3 - Add the jaw<br />Make sure to measure your thirds correctly and that they relate correctly to the ball.<br />A common mistake at this point is to make the jaw too long in comparison to the ball. <br />
Step 4 - Add the features<br />With a basic structure established, it becomes easier to add features in the right places.<br />
Source URLs<br />OriginalFake t-shirt design http://hypebeast.com/2009/04/originalfake-skull-kiss-one-tee/<br />Grid for drawing skulls by J. Francishttp://tsofa.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=41&t=18&start=30<br />Stan Prokopenko head tutorial http://www.stanprokopenko.com/blog/2009/05/draw-head-any-angle/<br />Skull perspectiveby CAS http://tsofa.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=29&t=2189&start=0<br />Pancho Simpson http://www.conceptart.org/forums/showthread.php?t=54331&page=26<br />Emily Lee http://blog.emilielee.com<br />
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